1292 Marco Polo left china
1292 MARCO POLO LEFT CHINA 5
1292Marco Polo left china
1292Marco Polo left China
Asa young Chinese man under the Mongol rule, I had the privilege ofwitnessing the coming of Marco polo to the Mongol Empire. China is acountry that was known to be powerful in the 12thcentury and it attracted numerous explorers from the western. Amongthe explorers who came to China was Marco Polo from Venice, Italy.Marco Polo stayed in China for a period of 17 years (Childress,2008).When his father and uncle went to China in 1260, they were sent tothe pope for missionaries by Kublai Khan of the Mongol empire. Whenthe two returned, Marco Polo decided travelled back with them to theMongol empire in China in 1271. This journey was to take them fouryears, but they finally arrived and met Khan with the Pope’s replywhen Marco Polo was 19 years old through the now famous Silk Road in1274 (Childress,2008).It is vital to point out that Polo gained favor from the thenemperor, Yuan Shizu. He was soon to be dispatched to various parts inChina and in other countries. Marco polo was soon to grasp theMongolian and the Chinese. As a consequence, Polo was appointed tovarious powerful government positions such ambassador and governor ofthe city of Yangzhou (Vogel, 2013).
MarcoPolo had become a confidant of the Kublai Khan and was sent onvarious diplomatic missions to China, Sumatra, India and SoutheastAsia. Marco had learnt the culture of the Chinese people. It iscritical to point out that Marco Polo was astonished by the riches,wealth, prosperous cities and the luxurious imperial palace.
Thedeparture of Marco Polo 1292
After17 years in the Mongolian empire, Marco Polo, his father and hisuncle requested the Great Khan to grant them permission to returnhome (Vogel, 2013). The permission was granted but they were given acondition to escort a princess who was to get married to a PersianKing in 1292.
Impactof Marco Polo arrival in 1274
Marco Polo’s arrival in the Mongol empire had tremendous impacts.To start with, I noted that Marco Polo was responsible for bringingthe western culture to the eastern world. Although he did not bringas much culture to the east, it is asserted that he inspired numerousfuture explorers such as Christopher Columbus who explored China.There were new contacts between China and other European countries.In other words, the subjects of Kublai Khan were now starting tolearn foreign aspects. Since the arrival of Marco Polo, he was atsome point appointed as a tax collect by Khan. As a consequence,Marco Polo had a direct influence on the peasants of China who weresubjected to extremely high taxes (Zeleny, 2006).
WhenMarco Polo returned to Venice, he narrated the great things that hehad seen in China. However, a few people did not believe him andthought he was fabricating stories. However, his narrations, as wellas his book, gave the European people curiosity and it opened doorsfor explorers (Vogel, 2013). The peasant Hans were exposed tonumerous foreigners who started conducted trade with them. There wasincreased exchange of products from the foreign countries. Marco Pololearned a great deal of the Chinese People’s culture and way oflife.
Myexperience under the Mongol Rule seemed to be of control. As apeasant Han under the Mongol empire, I was subjected to taxation,which generated income for the empire. The Mongol rule encouraged andoffered incentives to the peasant farmers in order to gain maximumtax from them (Vogel, 2013). It is, however, vital to note that thetax levied on the peasant subjects was fixed and that each person wasaware of the returns he or she was meant to pay. The Mongol rulersorganized the peasant subjects into group or cooperatives of fiftywith their leader in order to enhance agricultural activity(Childress,2008).It is imperative to note that increased agricultural activities meantincreased taxes for the empire. A majority of the peasant Chinese hadto flee due to the high taxes imposed by the Mongol rule.
TheMongol rule embarked on various strategies to try and increaseagricultural productivity by the peasants. For instance, the Mongolrule offered granaries that were meant for surplus storage by thepeasants. One main aspect that existed under the Mongol rule was thatof kindness and generosity. One main aim of the cooperatives thatwere formed under the Mongol rule by the peasants was meant to helpand provide the elderly, disabled and people with low harvests withfood.
Noteworthyis the fact that during the Mongol rule there was tremendousinfrastructural development in China which required enormous amountof labor. The public projects in China included the extension of theGrand Canal to Daidu (Beijing), postal-station system, and theconstruction of a capital city in Daidu (Duiker & Spielvogel,2013). The peasants under the Mongol rule were subjected to labor,which was against their wish. Since much of the labor was sourcedfrom the peasants, there was rising animosity from the peasant ranks.The Mongol rule had devised this labor source strategy as a policy,and it is clear it was not welcome by the peasants.
Childress,D. (2008). MarcoPolo`s journey to China.Minneapolis, MN: Twenty-First Century Books.
Duiker,W. J., & Spielvogel, J. J. (2013). Worldhistory.Australia: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Vogel,H. U. (2013). MarcoPolo was in China: New evidence from currencies, salts and revenues.Leiden: Brill.
Zeleny,A. (2006). MarcoPolo: Overland to China.New York, NY: Crabtree Pub. Co.