An Inter-correlation between Homosexuals and their Adoption Rights
AN INTER-CORRELATION BETWEEN HOMOSEXUALS AND THEIR ADOPTION RIGHTS
An Inter-correlationbetween Homosexuals and their Adoption Rights
Several issues have been addressed recently for the past few yearsconcerning homosexual individuals who aspire to become foster parentsof children who were abandoned by their parents. Homosexuals, or LGBT(lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgenders) couples have providedseveral debates questioning their eligibility and capability of theirparenting skills for these children as well as their `parental image`to be portrayed to other people considering homosexual parents that achild will have in the future years. Moreover, issues regarding statelaws for the legality of homosexuals into child adoption will also bediscussed. In this paper, it will also provide pertinent informationas to various researches and related studies that cater sthe validityof homosexual couples for child adoption. This argument will providethe readers a perception of accepting the LGBT couples to receiveequal rights and obligations with that of a normal person.
Homosexual adoption is a controversial topic since some people argueon the parenting skills of the lesbians, gays, bisexuals, andtransgender (LGBT) for taking care of a child. LGBT adoption of achild may happen through same-sex couples, single LGBT`s, or adoptionof a child by one of the same sex couples, which could be abiological offspring of the partner. Federal state laws in the UnitedStates provide some countries a sort of legalization procedures toadopt a child. Child adoption is among the ancient institutions thatare still popular in the modern times. Moreover, some communitiesoutside the U.S. territory also favors the practice of adoption byLGBT`s since it provides suitable ways for providing care toabandoned and orphaned children.
Unfortunately for these homosexualcouples, starting a family does not come as easy as it does forstraight couples. While straight couples can have a baby the"traditional" way as long as they are physically able,same-sex couples have to rely on other alternatives to build afamily. Some gay men choose to have surrogate mothers, in which awoman is being paid to carry and give birth to a child, while somelesbians have their own children through fertility clinics and spermbanks, while some of them choose to adopt. From these methods ofbearing a child, several issues have been raised and provide severaldebates regarding the ineligibility and capability to adopt anabandoned child.
Many religious organizations and various religious beliefs agreewith the practice of child adoption provided that it is done for thesake of the child`s future life. For example, parents who cannotaccomplish their parental responsibilities due to physical challengesor any financial family issues may opt to pass the parentalobligation to another family with the capability to provide parentalcare and support to the child. On the same note, some families thatrequire raising a larger number of children than they have thecapacity to bear naturally also adopt children to achieve this goal(Brodzinsky & Pertman, 2012). Furthermore, the LGBT communityalso argues that every country in the world should pass a state lawthat would allow the homosexual individuals to adopt a child, as theyare biologically disadvantaged to bear offspring naturally. Somepeople also mentioned that homosexuals can search for surrogateparents and donate eggs or sperm to raise their children, whileothers contend that they can be step-parents if their partners havechildren. However, other subgroups of the state such as the Churchescontradict the idea proposed by various types of people and believedthat children are natural gifts from the Almighty Creator. As such,several parents who were blessed with children have no right todelegate the responsibility or to raise a child to another couple,which are not the biological parents (Spilsbury, 2012). On the otherhand, psychologist claim that children needs the love and attentionof both gender parents to develop a balanced lifestyle hence,allowing LGBT groups to adopt children would be an exemption againstthis issue.
The question being imposed on this argument paper is the legality ofhomosexual individuals to adopt a child, given the several issuesbeing stated by various groups, as well as their capability toportray themselves as the real parents of the child. Moreover,longitudinal studies have proven that sexual orientation isindependent of parenting skills, thus the lawmakers should createpolicies that would allow the homosexuals to adopt children, as theyare competent parents (Espejo, 2002). Several issues will bediscussed on the course of the paper and will provide pertinentinformation regarding homosexual child adoption legality.
Effects of Environment to an Adopted Child’s Development
According to many religious groups all over the world, children arethe natural gifts from God. People who cannot bear a child shouldrefrain from using any kinds of artificial methods, as they have noright to such precious gift. God himself only decides the marriedcouples on their capability to bear and make a child, as well as theoption to deny other people for reasons that are beyond humanunderstanding. This explains that couples who cannot bear a childthrough the united way of marriage, such as gays and lesbians, shouldnot have the right to parenthood through adoption.
Various modern reproductive technologies that separates thetraditional human sexual intercourse and childbearing does not upholdthe real value of a child because they treat children as a form ofartificial object, instead of God-given gifts.
However, the homosexual community argues that their form of lifestyleis a natural condition that they cannot control nor manipulate in anyway. This only implies that God created such kind of human world sothe policymakers should refrain from being discriminative by refusingto give them their constitutional right of having a family. Inaddition, many gay persons mentioned that the world has severalmother parent who conceive unexpected pregnancies. Instead of relyingon child abortion, especially to young women who got early pregnancy,these homosexuals should be of a greater help to the government andother concerned parties to take care of these abandoned children(Brodzinsky & Pertman, 2012). Although the homosexual communityitself does its best to provide all the needed care and support ofthese abandoned children, they are instead being accused and heldliable of their ineligibility of calling them as their parents. Afather acting in the role of a mother (in the case of gay persons) ora mother playing the role of a father (in the case of lesbians) willmake the child feel that he or she is lacking his true identity as aperson as well as his true situation in life.
Several lawmakers opposing homosexuals adopting children contend thatthe traditional family setting offers the healthiest environment forraising children. The traditional setting being mentioned here iscomposed mainly of a young, married couple who faithfully decides tobear jointly and raise a child together. Homosexuals who uses modernmethods of conceiving such as invitro abuse the technology sincethese techniques are well designed for traditional families thatcannot bear children due to diverse health complications. Moreover,Hicks & MacDermott in 1999 mentioned that "Adoption agenciesanalyze and confirm the economic capacity, moral and psychologicalcapacity of foster parents and questions the parental capabilities ofthe homosexuals."
Some people and various organizations contend that legitimizinghomosexual couples, through their "parental" image beingportrayed by their outside environment of the society, can led theirchildren to an unnatural adult relationship model that hinders theirhealthy psychological development. Children may develop abnormalbehaviors, or probably even become homosexuals as well. According toPavlov’s theory of learned activity, an individual can developabnormal behaviors if they are exposed to negative environments overa long time. This means that children raised by homosexual parentscould become gays or lesbians in the future (Haley, 2004). However,the homosexual community contends that this is just a theory with noscientific evidence to support it. This theory has been furtherweakened by the fact that these abandoned children being raised bylesbian and gay parents often have traditional families to beginwith. In addition, they develop higher tolerance to regular lifechallenges than most children do from traditional families.
However, many psychologists and physicians classify homosexualityamong learned behaviors. This means that every individual should facethe consequences in all the decisions to be made, as to whether theychoose to become a gay or a lesbian. Just because homosexuals arebiologically incapable of bearing a child, the policymakers shouldcreate state laws that would allow this group to adopt children(Espejo, 2002). Moreover, some opponents of the legalization ofhomosexuals to adopt a child mentioned that homosexual adoptionintend to make a child develop stress and low-self esteem because ofthe stigmatization that the society looks among the homosexuals. Onthe contrary, homosexual parents even motivate and provide the ideaand thoughts needed by these abandoned children such that they evenexplain to them about their sexual orientations and othercontroversial issues that heterosexuals refrain from informing theirchildren. Since the knowledge being inflicted to the minds of thesechildren is a form of power and strength to form a unified bondbetween homosexual parents and the children, most of them oftenachieves a better life, with higher self-esteem and confidence ratherthan those children coming from a traditional family. Homosexualindividuals only give up their right to bear biological children, butthe policymakers should not commit any mistake the decision to implythat they are not interested in raising children (Spilsbury, 2012).
Homosexuality and Instability
Various adoption agencies often conduct extended research and studieson the potential parental skills and capabilities of homosexualsbefore they can adopt a child. In addition, children make suchfamilies more stable than gays and lesbians with no children.Homosexual activists support their hypothesis based on the fact thatchildless heterosexual couples are more vulnerable to splitting upthan couples with children (Bozett, 1987). Researchers emphasize thathomosexual marriages only lasts for a shorter period than regularmarriages composed of a man and a woman. Young children living withhomosexual adults often have to undergo household transitions at thefoster homes at a significantly high rate.
Sexual Orientation and Longitudinal Research
According to Rekers (2004), several foster children have a backgroundknowledge on their traumatic parental transitions resulting to higherpsychosocial maladjustment and psychological harm. Rekers also claimsthat a longitudinal research conducted on population registers inSweden and Norway, with the report featuring legally homosexualcouples in Sweden, showed that male partners (gays) were 1.5 timesmore vulnerable for breakups than married woman-man couples (2004).On the same note, homosexual females (lesbians) were 2.67 times moreprone to break-up than heterosexual married partners. Nevertheless,longitudinal researches have proven that homosexual couples have thecapacity to provide competent parenting environment since sexualorientation does not affect the parenting skills of a couple (Hicks &MacDermott, 1999).
Homosexuality and Child Safety
Homosexuals assert that parenting is a natural talent and thatparents do not need special training to accomplish such tasks.Parenting skills may best be viewed while an individual homosexualwas still a child, particularly from their own parents. They contendthat they have the skills, capacity, and other essential resourcesthey require to take care of adopted young ones. Moreover, manyhomosexual couples claim that they can raise healthy children with nosexual orientation problems as an issue to question theireligibility. These homosexuals also addressed their concernsregarding several LGBT families successfully raised healthy,abandoned children. Not everyone with the resources, healthy mentalstatus, and knowledge for establishing a family should be preventedfrom starting a family (Hicks & MacDermott, 1999). As long ashomosexual parents have a good reputation and historical backgroundto be accepted as an eligible parents, the government shouldestablish regulations that would allow them to enjoy raising theirfamilies.
Many societies criticize and discriminate the totality of LGBTindividuals. Their self-character and personality as homosexuals werebeing misjudged by several people due to their indifferences withothers. Hence, homosexuals tend to be unstable and inexperienced inraising children. Their emotional and critical thinking were beingmisused as a result of misjudgment and misunderstanding by otherpeople. However, psychologists dispute that children with no male orfemale role models may develop undesirable behaviors. Furthermore,there are already vast number of data and researches to prove andconclude that children raised by homosexual parents rarely developundesirable characters as they grow through the years (Bozett &Sussman, 1990).
Several researchers assert that the biological parents of thechildren provide better nursing services than foster parents offer.Many studies still promote the idea that homosexuals should not adoptan abandoned child because they are more vulnerable to abusing themthan heterosexual foster parents. Much of these dangers haveincreased their tendency for higher rate of drug abuse, domesticviolence, traumatic depression, and promiscuity as it is given a moreprofound risks against the child. Nonetheless, recent longitudinalstudies conducted by the American Psychological Association contestthe outcome of the previous results. Their studies found out thatnone of the lesbians and homosexual parents had abused their adoptedchildren.
Moreover, researchers noted that there is an increased burden of achild from poor backgrounds, unexpected pregnancies and abandoned bytheir biological parents (Mucciaroni, 2008). As a result, the socialwelfare department is dedicated to providing the best servicesintended solely for the abandoned children, but, unfortunately, theyoften abandon their parents after they reach legal age with no home,family members, savings, or a job to sustain them. Sometimes, theeducational level of these children is too little to help themacquire valuable jobs in the future. Luckily, homosexual parentsoffer ready adoption and warm treatment to the children, which issimilar to that of biological parents. In addition, gay couplesprovide long-term parental responsibilities and obligations to theadopted children. This helps to prevent children from engaging injuvenile delinquency common with adopted children set free after theyattain eighteen years of age (Lev, 2004).
The argument being addressed in this paper solidifies the point thatchild adoption by homosexuals should not be denied and neglected.Longitudinal studies confirm that gay parents have the potential ofraising healthy families. The allegations that the adopted childrenor their families are vulnerable to depression and other stressrelated issues have been proven baseless and worthless by vastresearch and studies.
Same-sex marriage can remove legalobstacles to the adoption ofabandoned children by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT)individuals. Adoption can take the form of a joint adoption by asame-sex couple (second parent adoption) or adoption by one member ofa same-sex couple of the other`s biological child (stepparentadoption). The second parent adoption process by a state-recognizedspouse or partner is generally more streamlined and less expensivethan stepparent adoption, though even the former is not as simple forsame-sex couples as for different-sex couples unless their staterecognizes same-sex marriages.
Because most city states do nothave formal laws or policies in place regarding homosexual childadoption, a lot of people can merely depend on the judgment of childwelfare professionals and judges when it comes to same-sex couplesand adoption. In some states, however, the laws or policies declarethat same-sex or unmarried couples are not allowed to adopt, and gayand lesbian couples are not able to marry (Rosman, 2014). While oneparent can adopt a child as a single parent, that then precludes thesecond parent from adopting. This situation may improve as morestates legalize same-sex marriage and thus, in turn, permit adoptionby both members of a same-sex couple.
Despite every child’s real-world needs, and despite admissions thatthe state does not permit only the “best” or “optimal” peopleto adopt children, what they mostly need, especially the abandonedones is anchored by the real presence of both a father and a mother(Ancar, 2004). That would probably be the most precious gift that achild may be received as they grow towards their future.
Furthermore, sexual orientation ofparents has no impact on the sexual orientation of their children.There is some evidence that children of gays and lesbians are moretolerant of diversity, but this is certainly not a disadvantage forthem. These children will have the added advantage of being raised byparents who are supportive and accepting in a world that cansometimes be a hostile one. Various adoption and foster carepolicies must deal with reality or these children will never havestable and decent life.  Thus,it is immoral to leave the abandoned children without homes whenthere are qualified parents waiting to raise them. And that is whatmany gays and lesbians can do to be of help.
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