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Annotated Bibliography




Edmondson,J. (2009). Augustus:His Contributions to the Development of the Roman State in the EarlyImperial Period.Edinburgh University Press.

Inthe book by Edmondson, Augustus is portrayed as the initial RomanEmperor who focused on bringing stability and peace in Rome. This wasafter many years of contention and doubt. The book focuses on themeasures taken by Augustus in order to bring sense back in RomanEmpire. The main argument is on Augustus’s contributions indeveloping the Roman state. For instance, he established novelinstitutional frameworks in addition to encouraging the ideology thatmaintained it in the subsequent years. Through his efficientleadership, Augustus was able to rise in a dramatic way to reputationafter the assassination of Caesar. The nature of August powers isdescribed as being triumvir, and Princeps. He made various militaryand administrative reforms in the Empire besides reinforcing theRoman family life as well as religion. Augustus developed an ideologythat assisted him strengthen his authority, encompassing thesignificance of literature, monuments, as well as visual imagery.Edmondson has also highlighted the effect that Augustusadministration had on the Roman communities. In particular, heemphasized on the centralized leadership which was enjoyed by thepersons of the Roman Empire, unlike the preceding years which wascharacterized by disunity and strife.

Iwill use Edmondson book to support my argument. The book will act asa good source which will offer details regarding the life andadministration of Augustus. I am going to use this book to ask suchqueries as the reasons behind Augustus success as a Roman ruler. Thecontextual information provided in the book is not complicated. Iwill also use Edmondson’s book to make a general conclusionregarding the ruling and administration of the Roman Empire duringthe reign of Augustus.

Goldsworthy,A. (2008). Caesar:Life of a Colossus.Yale University Press.

Asput forward by Goldsworthy in the book, Caesar is depicted as aleader with a lot of things encompassing prisoner, army leader,fugitive, dictator, rising politician, rebel, and adulterer amongothers. This is the key argument in the book and has examined allthese things whilst placing Caesar’s theme resolutely in the milieuof the Roman society. Goldsworthy has covered Caesar’s achievementsas a charismatic speaker, who conquered powerful dictators. His roleas the high priest is also illustrated, besides that of a seducer,rebel and captive of pirates. The authors puts forth that themilitary and political leadership of Caesar still echoes consideringhis character and his techniques of leading. Caesar is described as aperson who had the ability of recovering from his failures as well assetbacks. These included those against the Nervii, Eburones, andSuessiones among others. He was a man who never learned form hisfaults and who never paid careful attention to little elements.Although he was a prosecutor by professional, this was not effectiveconsidering that he only tried to get popular. Goldsworthy putsforward that Caesar believed that being successful entailed becomingrich, establishing as strong army which was loyal to him, in additionto captivating huge glory. His deficient in religiousness is alsocovered in the book besides the unusual stress on the glum vow assomething creepy to Romans.

Goldsworthy’sbook is a good basis as it offers the biography of Caesar. I intendto use the book in supporting my argument regarding the life ofCaesar before and after he became a ruler. His success prior tobecoming a leader is also highlighted in the book. By citingGoldsworthy, I will be able to ask queries such as: how was Caesarslife prior to becoming a ruler?, what was his life after becoming aruler?, and then make an analysis to understand what kind of a rulerhe was.

Loewenstein,K. (1973). TheGovernance of Rome.Springer.

Inhis book, Loewestein talks about how Rome was governed. The primaryargument on the book concerns how the Roman Empire was governedduring the administration of Caesar and his heir Augusts. Loewensteinhas portrayed the life, and ruling of Caesar as well as hisassassination. what kind of a leader he was who believed that successwas based on his richness and popularity. On the other hand, Augustusruling has also been portrayed and the measures he took in bringingstability and peace in the Empire. He was well liked by the peopleconsidering that he put into consideration the needs of his people aswell as practicing a centralized from of ruling that united thepeople.

Thisbook is significant in my project in that it will offer essentialinformation regarding how Rome was governed during the rein of thetwo rulers. I intend to use the book to support my argument about theadministration of Caesar and Augustus and what led to the failure andsuccess of the two administrations respectively. The book will assistme in comparing the ruling of Caesar and his heir Augustus andunderstand the kind of rulers they were. Through this, I will be ableto make a general conclusion on what makes a good ruler. In additionto this, I will be able to understand the kind of ruler preferred bypeople and make a conclusion on the same.

Parenti,M. (2004). TheAssassination of Julius Caesar: A People`s History of Ancient Rome.New Press.

Themain argument explored in the book is that the assassination ofJulius Caesar was based on the reason that conservative and wealthyleaders desired to block his reforms. Parenti argues that in themajority of modern and earliest history, Caesar is distinguished as ademagogue and dictator. This means that his murder was depicted as aprotection to the Republic. He also puts forth that the murder ofCaesar was among the happenings that took place in a line of otherassassinations of the universally backed reformers. The authorperceives the Roman commoners as a mob whose main interest wascircuses and bread. In spite of this, they were hardworking peoplewho were concerned with the economy as well as politics. The bookillustrates Caesar as a leader who took various measures with theintention of relieving poverty in the region. For instance, heimplemented programs and gave grants to the underprivileged. Othermeasures were also put in place to restrain corrupt behaviors of theaffluent. Other measures encompassed debt relief in addition togiving the rights to the Jewish population to practice their religionwhich was Judaism.

Parenti’sbook is significant in understanding the downfall of Caesar after hebecame the ruler of the Roman Empire. I intend to employ the book inunderstanding the assassination of Caesar, and what contributedtowards it, and how was his administration like. The contextualinformation provided in the book is not complicated but it is simpleenough to understand to the ruling of the Roman Empire during theadministration of Julius Caesar.