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Annotated Bibliography



Church,W., Gross, E., &amp Baldwin, J. (2010). Maybe ignorance is notalways bliss: The disparate treatment of Hispanics within the childwelfare system. Children&amp Youth Services Review,27(12), 1279-1292.

  1. The research question being asked in this article is what is the proportion of culturally diverse children to White children in public social service agencies as well as how child welfare practices with African American children were different from those applied with the White children?

  2. The authors explore interpretive approach in addressing the research question. They directly examine past empirical studies on the subject matter with an aim of finding the proportion of culturally diverse children and White children in the child welfare systems.

  3. Church et al first examined previous studies on the proportion of culturally diverse children to White children that continually increase in public social service agencies. These studies reveals that culturally diverse children stay within the child welfare system for longer period of time, receive more punitive and intensive services as well as get reported to Child Protective Services in an often manner.

  4. Authors of this article examined previous data in other words, the study in this article was a retrospective survival analysis of various child welfare placement outcomes of African American families or children that had been reported to undergo substantial cases of neglect. Church et al report from this study showed that substantiated cases had a high likelihood of occurring with African American children even though cases reported for child abuse or neglect were relatively proportionate between the Whites and African American children.

  5. The method used by the authors to solve the research question was correct however, the authors should have incorporated interviews in order to get first hand information on the proportion of culturally diverse and White children in child welfare systems.

  6. The ethical dilemmas that exist with the research design revolve around the data gathered from the child welfare agencies. Staffs and professionals from these agencies may have provided biased data in order to balance the number of culturally diverse and White children in various child welfare departments. This is because such professionals and staff may have feared portraying their institutions as unfair and unethical.

  7. In my opinion, authors of this article made a good choice by selecting and referring to various journal articles and books for their information. These books and journals had relevant information regarding the research question.

  8. Church comes from a teaching background, Gross comes from a heath care background, while Baldwin come from a journalism background.

  9. This article is relevant to this study since it highlights some of the changes that can be done amongst child welfare professionals in order to reduce cases of racial discrimination among the minority population especially the African American children.

  10. The authors show that African American children had a higher likelihood of being placed out of their home in quicker manner and for longer periods of time as compared to the White children. Church et al argue that the current study need to focus chiefly on the need for heightened cultural awareness among Child Welfare professional especially, in terms case decision making and assessment. This article further proposes and calls for the development training modules for case management personnel and CPS that is sensitive to culture.

Clark,P., Buchanan, J., &amp Legters, L. (2012). Taking action on racialdisproportionate in the child welfare system. ChildWelfare,87(2), 319-33.

  1. The research question being asked in this article is whether the African American children are overrepresented in most areas of the child welfare system. The article adopts research-based strategies to address various issues focused on children in care for a period of more than two years.

  2. Authors in this article adopt an interpretive approach by studying and interacting, at a personal level, with those minorities who felt that they had been overrepresented in most child welfare systems.

  3. Authors of this article directly applied various strategies that included development of Champions for Permanence, implementation of benchmark hearings, and Breakthrough Series Collaborative on Racial Disproportionalty’s participation in gathering information from the target group.

  4. Authors, in this article, employ interviews in solving the aforementioned research question. They interview staffs of various child welfare agencies as well as the parents of children that have been in child welfare system at one or more times. They document and record the number of African American children in child welfare systems in the past five years.

  5. Methods employed by the authors were appropriate and correct since they enhanced the collection and gathering of first hand information. I believe that the interviews will help the authors in answering the research question by listening to parents whose children have been in the child welfare systems as well as the staffs of these institutions.

  6. The ethical dilemmas that exist with the research design revolve around the notion of the privacy of various child welfare institutions. Information gathered from these institutions may be biased since they may not be willing to give out the real number of African American children they host I fear of appearing as unfair and unethical to the public.

  7. In my opinion, the authors made good choice in selecting their sources. They referred to articles and books that helped them clarify their information and data.

  8. All authors come from a health care background they have served in different heath care departments for several years.

  9. This article is in line with the aim of this research proposal since it highlight some of the negative impacts of racial discrimination, like disproportionate representation of African American children, in the child welfare systems.

  10. Authors, in this article, show that the aforementioned strategies play a key role in achieving success in heightened awareness within the community of the disparate outcomes for Africa American children in the child welfare.

Pungu,S. S., &amp Bent-Goodley, T. B. (2008). Meeting the challenges ofcontemporary foster care. TheFuture of Children,14(1), 75-93.

  1. The research question being addressed in this article is what are the several challenges that face the contemporary foster care? The authors outline several challenges that the foster care system has experienced in the last two decades. These challenges include shift in policy framework that guide foster care practice, the high increase in number of children in out-of-home care, and organizational impediments that have a high likelihood of complicating efforts to serve children in foster care.

  2. The authors employ interpretive approach. They employ the interpretive approach by studying various foster care systems at a personal level, with in-depth qualitative research.

  3. The authors directly examined and observed foster care institutions, parents and children that have been in the foster care systems. They used a qualitative approach to their research. They conducted in-depth interviews to acquire the necessary data.

  4. Authors, in this article, conducted several interviews on staff and managers of various foster care systems as well as on parents whose children have been in such foster care institutions in order to determine the challenges that face such institutions.

  5. I strongly concur and believe that the authors adopted he best methods in solving the hypothesis. In-depth qualitative research help authors solve understand and solve the research question in the appropriate manner. They also help them acquire first hand information from the interviewees.

  6. The research design pose an ethical dilemma since parents of children that need to be taken to various foster care systems may exaggerate challenges that face these systems especially if they want to prevent their children from being hosted in these systems.

  7. The authors made good choices in selecting several articles and books used to gather relevant and vital information for this article.

  8. Pungu comes from a heath care background where he has served for eight years while Bent-Goodley has worked as a teacher for over 10 years.

  9. This article will play a key role for this research proposal since it discusses various challenges and impacts of race on children in foster care.

  10. Authors show that agencies face huge difficult in their provision for appropriate, accessible, and adequate services for various families in their care. They further note that African American children are highly disproportionately represented in foster care. This representation raises several questions on the equity of the foster care system as well as threatens the developmental progress of African American children. Chipungu et al state that many foster families quit foster parenting within their first year due to the frustrating situations that they encounter. The article cites data limitations, large caseloads, and high staff turnover as some of the factors that hinder efforts to monitor and serve foster families in an adequate manner. Despite this, Chipungu et al believe promising practices and policies have a high likelihood of moving the foster care system forward in the coming years. However, such practices and policies should aim at providing timely and enough data, supporting case workers, infusing cultural competency throughout the system, and strengthening foster families in order for them to meet their chief goal.