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Annotated Bibliography Obesity in the United States

AnnotatedBibliography: Obesity in the United States

AnnotatedBibliography: Obesity in the United States

Acs,Z., Lyles, A., &amp Stanton, K. (2007). Obesity,business and public policy.Cheltenham: UK: Edward Elgar.

Accordingto the authors, the effects of obesity have become rampant in theUnited States. The book is aimed at offering an optional scaffoldthrough which to explore the critical yet controversial obesitydebate which has surpassed the medical debate. Particularly the bookis concerned obesity and the individual, its influence on businessand marketing as well as government’s take and policies on obesitymenace. The authors also looks at the lessons learnt from the pastand how they are important in dealing with the problem. In general,the book is not concerned on obesity in a medical perspective, nordoes it provide a wide spectrum of ideas of health influences ofobesity or the role of a healthy diet. The source is credible as it’spublished within the last decade. It will be useful in my research asit provides a broad view of the problem including the role of publicpolicy.

Anderson,S. E., &amp Whitaker, R. C. (2010). Household routines and obesityin US preschool-aged children. Pediatrics,125(3),420-428.

Andersonand Whitaker embark on a mission to determine the link betweenobesity prevalence in pre-school aged kids and exposure to threedomestic routines including regular having the evening meal as afamily, limiting screen viewing time, and obtaining adequate sleep. Across cultural analysis of a country wide representative sample of8550 U.S children aged four years was done in 2005. It wasestablished that, children who had the three routine activities underinvestigation had a 40 percent lower prevalence of obesity ascompared to those not exposed to these routines.

Thearticle is useful for my study as it gives a clear view of householdroutine and obesity. This is an easily adoptable household patternthat can greatly help in reducing obesity among children.

Bailey,E. J. (2006). Foodchoice and obesity in Black America: Creating a new cultural diet.Wesport Conn: Praeger.

Baileyuses a cultural and comprehensive analysis of African American foodchoices to portray the general perception of health, food, dieting,body image, exercise and body fitness by black Americans. AfricanAmericans are increasingly more obese than the rest of the U.Spopulation. Thus they are increasingly being affected by theconsequences of obesity including strokes, heart attacks,hypertension, and diabetes at early ages.

. The author provides a new cultural diet for this group and aprescription for working collaboratively, so as to comprehend thiscritical health problem as well as establish a lifestyle approachthat will be manageable and effective. The book is credible for thecurrent study as it is published within the last decade. The authorEric Bailey is an experienced anthropologist, hence making his workcredible.

Dubé,L. (2010). Obesityprevention the role of brain and society on individual behavior.Amsterdam Boston: Elsevier/Academic Press.

Theauthor is concerned on the escalating prevalence of obesity in theUnited States. According to WHO predictions, by 2012, countries likethe U.S will be spending up to 17.7 percent of their GDP onhealthcare. The current generation will have the shortest lifeexpectancy if the problem is not addressed. To manage the problem, hediverts from the normal approaches of lifestyle change and geneticstudies, and proposes a more comprehensive approach. He advocates forchange in social environment to promote healthy behavior.

Thissource offers an interesting perspective in prevention and managementof obesity in the U.S. It is a credible source as it is recentlypublished.

Hedley,A. A., Ogden, C. L., Johnson, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Curtin, L. R., &ampFlegal, K. M. (2004). Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among USChildren, Adolescents, and Adults, 1999-2002. TheJournal of the American Medical Association, 291(23),2847-2850. doi:10.1001/jama.291.23.2847.

Thestudy aimed at establishing the prevalence of obesity and overweightin adults and children respectively with the use of current data fromNHANES. 4115 adults and 4018 kids participated between 1999-2000 andanother 4258 children and 4390 adults in 2000-2002. The researchersnoted no indication of decreasing prevalence of overweigh amongchildren and obesity among adults. The issues of obesity andoverweight remain a major health concern in the U.S.

Thearticle is useful for the study as it provides insight on overweightand obesity among children and adults respectively. It is a crediblesource as it uses data from a reliable database, besides beingpublished in the last decade.

Hu,F. B. (2011). Globalization of Diabetes The role of diet, lifestyle,and genes. DiabetesCare, 34(6),1249-1257.

Accordingto the author, type 2 diabetes is a global health menace whichthreatens economic development of all countries, mainly thedeveloping ones. The study reveals that, type 2 diabetes which isclosely associated with obesity can be managed through lifestyle anddietary change.

Thesource will help in developing my research as it provides arelationship between obesity and diabetes and sedentary lifestyles.It offers insight into change of lifestyle and dietary check inmanaging diabetes.

Kelly,A. S., Barlow, S. E., Rao, G., Inge, T. H., Hayman, L. L.,Steinberger, J., … &amp Daniels, S. R. (2013). Severe Obesity inChildren and Adolescents: Identification Associated Health Risks, andTreatment Approaches A Scientific Statement From the American HeartAssociation. Circulation,128(15),1689-1712.

Inthis study, the authors focus on the greater problem of obesity amongthe youth in the United States and the treatment methods available.The authors argue that even though there are various approaches fortreating severe obesity among the youth, there is moderateimprovement in the situation. Only one medication has been approvedfor treatment of severe obesity in youths hence the role of medicalmanagement is insignificant.

Thissource is useful in my current study as it gives the treatmentapproach to obesity, apart from lifestyle change, exercises andnutrition that have been referred by most scholars. It is also veryup to date with credible sources.

Khoo,C. M., Sairazi, S., Taslim, S., Gardner, D., Wu, Y., Lee, J., … &ampTai, E. S. (2011). Ethnicity modifies the relationships of insulinresistance, inflammation, and adiponectin with obesity in amultiethnic Asian population. DiabetesCare,34(5),1120-1126.

Inthis study, the authors investigate whether ethnicity influences therelationship between body mass index and three metabolic pathwaysincluding insulin resistance, inflammation and adioponectin linked topathogenesis of diabetes and heart disease. This effect was found tobe high among Chinese population, which offers insight into obesitymanagement among the general Asian population.

Thesource is credible as it uses empirical evidence in explainingrelationship between obesity and ethnicity. It will be useful for mystudy as it explains why obesity varies with ethnicity.

Klebanov,P. K., Evans, G. W., &amp Brooks-Gunn, J. (2014). Poverty,ethnicity, and risk of obesity among low birth weight infants.Journalof Applied Developmental Psychology.

Theauthors explore the risk of obesity among children with low birthweight. They stipulate that children born in poverty and of blackAmerican origin are at an increased risk of being obese later inlife. In addition, lack of balanced and healthy diet among the poorpopulation has been cited as a factor contributing largely to obesityamong this group.

Thearticle is credible as it is a peer reviewed journal. In addition, itis published very recently using data and sources from credibleprimary and secondary sources. It will be useful for my research asit provides another perspective of low birth weight as a contributingfactor to obesity.

Knai,C., Lobstein, T., Darmon, N., Rutter, H., &amp McKee, M. (2012).Socioeconomic patterning of childhood overweight status in Europe.InternationalJournal of Environmental Research and Public Health,9(4),1472-1489.

Theauthors sought to examine whether there is a link betweensocial-economic gap and prevalence of overweight among children inEuropean members, and whether the issue of child overweight is on therise or not. Data from 22 European countries was used for this study.It was revealed that, where change in lifestyle has influencedoverweight, had less favorable effect in low social economic statusgroups.

Thissource is useful for my study as it will offer useful information onthe link between SES and overweight. It is a credible source as it isrecently published, with current data going as wide as 22 Europeancountries.

Ludwig,J., Sanbonmatsu, L., Gennetian, L., Adam, E., Duncan, G. J., Katz, L.F., … &amp McDade, T. W. (2011). Neighborhoods, obesity, anddiabetes—a randomized social experiment. NewEngland Journal of Medicine,365(16),1509-1519.

Thestudy was inspired by the lack of evidence on whether neighborhoodenvironment directly influence development of obesity and diabetes.The study utilized data from social experiment to access the relationof random assigned disparities in neighborhood conditions withdiabetes and obesity. The study found out that high level povertyneighborhood was associated with increased prevalence of obesity anddiabetes and vice versa.

Thearticle is useful for my research as it provides a different view ofneighborhood conditions and obesity and diabetes. It is a peer reviewjournal published in the in the last 2 years which makes it acredible source.

Ogden,C. L., Carroll, M. D., Curtin, L. R., McDowell, M. A., Tabak, C. J.,&amp Flegal, K. M. (2006). Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity inthe United States, 1999-2004. TheJournal of the American Medical Association, 295(13),1549-1555. doi:10.1001/jama.295.13.1549.

Inthe article, the authors note that the trend of overweight andobesity has increased over the decades. Data from NHANES was used inthis study. It was established that, between 2003 and 2004, 32.2percent of adults were obese and 17.1 percent of children wereoverweight. An overall increase in overweight and obesity amongchildren and men was noted in the six year period between 1999 and2004. However, in women, no considerable increase was realized.

Thearticle is credible as the authors use credible data. It is alsocurrent and is useful for the current research as it providessupported information on the trend of overweight and obesity as ahealth problem in the United States.

Ogden,C. L., Carroll, M. D., Kit, B. K., &amp Flegal, K. M. (2014).Prevalence of childhood and adult obesity in the United States,2011-2012. JAMA,311(8),806-814.

Theauthors seek to present the most current national estimates ofchildhood obesity, observe trends in obesity among kids and adultsbetween 2003 and 2012. 9120 participants from National HealthNutrition Examination Survey were involved. From this study, it wasestablished that, there were no substantial changes in obesityoccurrences in adults or youth between years 2003-2004 and 2011-2012.According to the authors, obesity prevalence is still worrying, hencemonitoring is critical.

Thissource is credible for use in my research as it has recent data. Inaddition, it supports the thesis statement that obesity remains aserious problem in the United States.

Oliver,J. E. (2006). Fatpolitics: The real story behind America`s obesity epidemic.New York: Oxford University Press.

Generally,Oliver is giving contradicting information regarding obesity epidemicin America. According to him, the aspect of obesity being an epidemicis the making of politicians and other stakeholders with interest inpromoting the drug and weight loss industry. He even doubts thatobesity causes so much health problems as claimed.

Thisbook will useful as it challenges my research question. It will giveme an uphill task to try and proof Oliver wrong.

Wang,Y., &amp Lim, H. (2012). The global childhood obesity epidemic andthe association between socio-economic status and childhood obesity.InternationalReview of Psychiatry,24(3),176-188.

Inthis peer reviewed journal, the current prevalence in obesity in theworld has been discussed, and the connection between childhoodobesity and social economic background. The study concluded that,obesity and social economic status (SES) relation varies by age,gender and country. SES groups with ready access to energy densediets are at a higher risk of becoming obese than those with lowaccess to these foods.

Thearticle is credible as it is peer review and will be useful in myresearch, since it reinforces on the connection between SES andobesity.

References

Acs,Z., Lyles, A., &amp Stanton, K. (2007). Obesity,business and public policy.Cheltenham: UK: Edward Elgar.

Anderson,S. E., &amp Whitaker, R. C. (2010). Household routines and obesityin US preschool-aged children. Pediatrics,125(3),420-428.

Bailey,E. J. (2006). Foodchoice and obesity in Black America: Creating a new cultural diet.Wesport Conn: Praeger.

Dubé,L. (2010). Obesityprevention the role of brain and society on individual behavior.Amsterdam Boston: Elsevier/Academic Press.

Hedley,A. A., Ogden, C. L., Johnson, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Curtin, L. R., &ampFlegal, K. M. (2004). Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity Among USChildren, Adolescents, and Adults, 1999-2002. TheJournal of the American Medical Association, 291(23),2847-2850. doi:10.1001/jama.291.23.2847.

Hu,F. B. (2011). Globalization of Diabetes The role of diet, lifestyle,and genes. DiabetesCare, 34(6),1249-1257.

Kelly,A. S., Barlow, S. E., Rao, G., Inge, T. H., Hayman, L. L.,Steinberger, J., … &amp Daniels, S. R. (2013). Severe Obesity inChildren and Adolescents: Identification, Associated Health Risks,and Treatment Approaches A Scientific Statement From the AmericanHeart Association. Circulation,128(15),1689-1712.

Khoo,C. M., Sairazi, S., Taslim, S., Gardner, D., Wu, Y., Lee, J., … &ampTai, E. S. (2011). Ethnicity modifies the relationships of insulinresistance, inflammation, and adiponectin with obesity in amultiethnic Asian population. DiabetesCare,34(5),1120-1126.

Klebanov,P. K., Evans, G. W., &amp Brooks-Gunn, J. (2014). Poverty,ethnicity, and risk of obesity among low birth weight infants.Journalof Applied Developmental Psychology.

Knai,C., Lobstein, T., Darmon, N., Rutter, H., &amp McKee, M. (2012).Socioeconomic patterning of childhood overweight status in Europe.Internationaljournal of environmental research and public health,9(4),1472-1489.

Ludwig,J., Sanbonmatsu, L., Gennetian, L., Adam, E., Duncan, G. J., Katz, L.F., … &amp McDade, T. W. (2011). Neighborhoods, obesity, anddiabetes—a randomized social experiment. NewEngland Journal of Medicine,365(16),1509-1519.

Ogden,C. L., Carroll, M. D., Curtin, L. R., McDowell, M. A., Tabak, C. J.,&amp Flegal, K. M. (2006). Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity inthe United States, 1999-2004. TheJournal of the American Medical Association, 295(13),1549-1555. doi:10.1001/jama.295.13.1549.

Ogden,C. L., Carroll, M. D., Kit, B. K., &amp Flegal, K. M. (2014).Prevalence of childhood and adult obesity in the United States,2011-2012. JAMA,311(8),806-814.

Oliver,J. E. (2006). Fatpolitics: The real story behind America`s obesity epidemic.New York: Oxford University Press.

Wang,Y., &amp Lim, H. (2012). The global childhood obesity epidemic andthe association between socio-economic status and childhood obesity.InternationalReview of Psychiatry,24(3),176-188.