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Anthropology Religion

ANTHROPOLOGY 4

Anthropology

Religion

Religionis a set of beliefs that brings out the relationship between humanbeings and God. Religion also refers to a cultural system which issubscribed by a number of people around the world. Most religions inthe world have sacred histories, symbols and narratives which areused to explain certain concepts such as the origin of life and theearth. In addition, religion provides the fundamental basis forsocietal ethics and morals. A majority of religions in the world,today, observe some common practices such as sermons, festivals,meditation and respect for holy places (Willocks,2007).

Language

Languageis the capability of human for acquisition and use of complicatedcommunication system in order to pass their desired message.Currently, it is estimated that there are more than 6,000 languagesin the world today. However, this number is just a rough estimate asthere is sometimes no clear difference between a dialect and alanguage. The majority of the world`s languages are in the spokenform while some are communicated through other body functionalitiessuch as tactile and visual abilities. Language can also refer to thehuman ability to both learn and communicate using a given set ofsystems. One interesting aspect about language is that it evolveswith time and brings out the connection between modern language andthe ancestral language (Medina, 2005).

Culture

Theword culture can have a variety of meanings. However, the most basicmeaning of culture is that it is a way of life. It can also refer toa set of human behavior within a given society. Culture entails anumber of aspects of a given society including customs, morals, laws,art, belief, as well as knowledge. One interesting aspect of cultureis that it is never static and keeps on changing from time to time.Culture has several layers which entail both learned behavior, aswell as human perceptions. In anthropology, culture is anythingexhibited by human and cannot be directly linked to geneticinheritance (Middleton,2002).

Humanevolution

Humanevolution refers to the processes that lead to the emergence ofmodern day humans. It also refers to the lengthy process throughwhich human beings originated from their early ancestors. Accordingto anthropological research, the modern day physical and behavioralcharacteristics exhibited by human beings originated from their earlyancestors who lived more than six million years ago. Some of thecharacteristics that have evolved with time includes braincomplexity, bipedalism, as well as cultural diversification. Humanevolution proves that the modern day humans have a close connectionto apes. It is argued that evolution started in Africa (Winston,2004).

Theinvention of writing

Writingemerged a long time when language had already developed as a means ofcommunication. Writing developed the same time the society waschanging from a hunting gathering one to an agricultural one. Thismade it necessary to develop a method through which property such asanimals and land could be counted or change ownership. There was theuse of pictographs before the society later adopted cuneiformscripts. It was only after the Agragrian revolution that the writtenlanguage was developed in the world. The written language first beganwith the development of alphabets during the fourth millennium inEgypt. The Cunieform script and the Egyptian hieroglyphs are the twoforms of writing which led to the development of the modern day typeof writing (Donoughue,2007).

References

Donoughue,C. (2007). Thestory of writing.Richmond Hill, Ont.: Firefly Books.

Medina,J. (2005). Language.London: Continuum.Copy &amp Paste | Parenthetical

Middleton,J. (2002). Culture.Oxford, U.K.: Capstone Pub.. Copy &ampPaste | Parenthetical

Willocks,T. (2007). Thereligion.New York: Sarah Crichton Books.

Winston,R. M., &amp Wilson, D. E. (2004). Human.London: DK Pub..