Article Workplace Violence
Inthe article “Workplace violence: Identification and prevention”Schmidtke (2012) writes about factors that has resulted in anincrease in cases of violence in the workplace, different types ofviolence, and how the impacts of violence in places of work can bemanaged. The author acknowledges the fact that the issue of workplaceviolence is not new, but it has been increasing at a high rate in therecent past. The term workplace violence is defined in the article asany type functional behavior that can be used a person to get sometangible or emotional benefits at the place of work. Some ofemployment factors that contribute to the occurrence of workplaceviolence include pay freeze, change in management, and the use ofpart-time employees, re-engineering, downsizing, budget cuts, andmonitoring employees with computers among others. In addition,Schmidtke (2012) identifies that personality conflicts betweenworkers or co-workers and their supervisors, the use of alcohol,mishandled termination, and bringing weapons at workplace can alsoincrease the probability for the occurrence of workplace violence.The author concludes that the issue of workplace violence can beaddressed by identifying the signs of problematic behavior sincethere are no hard or fast rules that can be used to determine whethera given employee is potentially a threat.
Bullyingthat result in workplace violence can be done by coworkers,supervisors, the management, or even some unknown individuals fromoutside the organization. Schmidtke (2012) classified workplaceviolence into four categories depending on the source of bullying.Type 1 violence occurs when bullying is conducted by an individualwith unknown relationships with the victimized worker or theorganization. In most cases, this type of bullying is done by armedpersons and accounts for approximately 80 % of homicides atworkplaces. Type 2 violence occurs when the recipient of the servicesof products offered by the organization harass employees who aredelivering their duties. This type of violence is common in healthcare settings where health care providers are bullied by theirviolent clients. Type 3 violence results from issues that aredirectly related to work. This type of violence occurs when someindividuals within the organization feel that they have been bulliedby their supervisors, colleagues, or managers. The immediate causesof this type of violence include grudges against some members ofstaff, enforced redundancies, or unjust disciplinary actions made bythe management. The type 4 violence is caused by an individual withknown relationship with an employee in a given organization. Theperpetrator finds and bullies the victim at the place of work.
Managingthe impacts of workplace violence
Employershave the primary responsibility of managing the impacts of workplaceviolence because it is their roles to hire, monitor, and formulateemployee assistance programs. The most effective way of managing theimpacts of workplace violence is to have policies and procedures inplace prior to the occurrence of workplace violence. The first policyshould focus on the approaches of addressing threats as well asthreatening behavior at workplace (Schmidtke, 2012). These procedurescan help employer in identifying the nature of the threat in theearliest time possible and preventing its persistence or recurrencethrough means such as warning the threatening individuals. Secondly,organizations should have incident response teams whose mainresponsibilities include responding to incidents of workplaceviolence by resolving it, reducing its persistence, or recurrence.Third, employers should train employees in the most appropriate waysof dealing with workplace violence. Training should focus ondifferent issues, including identification of risk factors,reporting, and prevention. The training programs can help employeesmanage the impacts of workplace violence with ease.
Schmidtke,R. (2012). Workplace violence: Identification and prevention. TheJournal of Global Health Care System,1 (2), 1-10.