ATOMIC BOMB 5
Theatomic bombs are weapons of mass destruction that the US dropped inHiroshimaand Nagasaki towards the end ofthe World War II. The US dropped the first bomb (little boy) atHiroshima on August 6, 1945. The second one was dropped at Nagasakithree days later. This essay hypothesizes that it was unnecessary forPresident Truman to authorize the second bombing at Nagasaki(Faragher et al., 2009).
TheUS claimed that it used the bombs to intimidate the Japanese tosign the instrument of surrender (Faragheret al., 2009). However, the US army intelligence officers had alreadyintercepted a Japanese communication line and established that thecountry was preparing to end the war unconditionally, as the PotsdamDeclaration stated. The Emperor had delayed signing the strategybecause the country wanted to use a strategy that would prevent thecountry from losing face (Wainstock, 1996).
TheUS also justified dropping the bombs in strategic cities where theycould cause significant casualties because if a demonstration failed,the Japanese could have intensified the fights. During the PotsdamConference, the western allies had warned Japan tosign the instrument of surrenderor they would destroy the entire country using new weaponsof mass destruction (Faragheret al., 2009).TheJapanese were already warned that one of these weapons could do moredamage than what 2000 B-29 jets (the most advanced warplanes backthen) could do at a go. Nevertheless, Truman did not have to dropanother bomb in Japan since the first one had already proven that thewest had the WMD weapons it had warned it would use against Japan. Inaddition, Truman did not consult the Emperor to determine whether hewas planning to continue the war (Wainstock, 1996).
Lastly,the Japanese’s chance of sustaining the war was significantlyreduced after the Soviet declared war against it. Japan had signed atreaty with the Soviets that declared that the two countries wouldnot engage in a war. After the expiry of the agreement, the Sovietsrefused to renew the contract and joined the West to fight Japan.This implies that Truman and his allies were guaranteed to defeatJapan shortly even without killing civilians to intimidate theJapanese emperor to terminate WWII (Wainstock, 1996).
Faragher,J. M., Buhle, M. J., Czitrom, D., & Armitage, S. H. (2009). Outof many: A history of the American people,Volume II (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall
Wainstock,D. D. (1996). Thedecision to drop the atomic bomb.Westport, Conn. [U.a.: Praeger.