Bloodborne Pathogen Control Plan
BLOODBORNE PATHOGEN CONTROL PLAN 7
BloodbornePathogen Control Plan
BloodbornePathogen Control Plan
Blood-borne pathogens are “infectious microorganisms that are found inhuman blood and have the potential to cause diseases” (UnitedStates Department of Health, 2014).Employees in the healthcare industry are at risk of these pathogensas they deal with patients who have the pathogens. The pathogensinclude Hepatitis viruses and HIV. The pathogens are known to causeserious diseases in patients and hospitals are required under theOSHA plan to implement protective measures so as to protect healthworkers from infection. The healthcare facilities are required by lawto protect patients from cross infection and employees (Motacki,Kapoian & O’Mara, 2011).OSHA blood borne standard sets the guidelines that guide hospitals onhow to protect workers from exposure to blood borne pathogens.
Adescriptionof OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens standard
TheNeedle stick safety and prevention act according to OSHA standardsrequires hospitals to use a needleless treatment so as to avoidexposure to pathogens due to sharp injuries. The use of sharp objectsexposes workers to injuries due to cuts and pricks and the goal ofthe law is to protect healthcare employees by reducing the need forusing needles (Motacki,Kapoian & O’Mara, 2011).The act requires increased care by the management for workers who areexposed to sharps and the non- managerial staff members areresponsible for identifying, evaluating and implementing engineeringstandards in the manufacture of sharps.
Additionally,employers are mandated to keep a sharps- injury log, which lists theemployees who have had exposure to blood borne pathogens. The logidentifies the department of the worker, the circumstances underwhich the worker became exposed, and the place of exposure (UnitedStates Department of Health, 2014).The log must also identify the safety measures taken to protect theworker by indicating the vaccination and follow- up measures taken toprotect the worker. The OSHA standards ensure that workers who areexposed to occupational hazards are protected in their line of duty.
Astatement of which employees are covered under the standard
TheOSHA standard covers workers who are directly exposed to patients.These are known as workers in occupational hazards. At themetropolitan hospital, the OSHA standards cover nurses, clinicalworkers, doctors and cleaners who work in the hospital wards. Thepurpose is to ensure that any worker who is in occupational hazardand who is exposed to pathogens is protected. The hospital endeavorsto ensure that all its employees, especially those who come intocontact with patients and patients’ blood are protected accordingto the OSHA act (UnitedStates Department of Health, 2014).
Adescription of what is required to meet the standard
Thehospital is required to provide protective gear to workers who are inoccupational hazards. This includes provision of gloves andengineering works standards. The hospital is also required to reduceexposure by ensuring that the workers reduce the use of needles andsharps. This is done by ensuring that the hospital providesalternative resources for treatment in cases where needles and sharpsare not necessary. It is the mandate of the hospital to provideprotective gear and replace worn out gear on a regular basis (JanFrank et al., 2005).Additionally, the hospital must have a written cleaning scheduleespecially after coming into contact with blood that is infected, orinfected items. The schedule ought to also indicate how the hospitaldecontaminates exposed workers or materials. The hospital must alsoindicate how it disposes contaminated items and how it cleanslaundry.
Howto meet the OSHA standards
Currently,the hospital has all these materials and requirements and it hasregulations on how to use materials. The hospital discourages the useof needles and sharps unnecessarily and the most preferred way ofmedication is oral administration of drugs. According to hospitalstandards, all workers who come into any form of contact withpatients and materials used by patients are covered under the act(JonFrank et al., 2005).The hospital also has an elaborate system of disposing of sharps andneedles so as to avoid accidental contamination. The hospitalprovides protective gears such as gloves and facial masks and theyare replenished monthly so as to make sure that there is sufficientsupply for use according to the number of patients handled. Thecontaminated laundry is also thoroughly cleaned so as to ensure thatthe laundry does not expose workers and other patients.
Additionally,any worker who is exposed to blood borne pathogens through contactmust take protection medication and undergo laboratory tests forspecified periods of time to ensure that the worker is not infected.Waste facilities are also labeled clearly so as to ensure thatworkers do not handle materials that expose them to infection (UnitedStates Department of Health, 2014).Metropolitan hospital keeps all the records of workers who have beenexposed to blood borne pathogens and all the protective measurestaken to protect the worker are recorded.
Accordingto OSHA, all employees must receive mandatory training within 90 daysof being employed in the health facility. After this mandatorytraining, the workers receive annual training so as to cover areasnot previously covered or additional information. The training coversinformation regarding blood borne pathogens, protective measures andactions following exposure (McDonnell& Sheard, 2012).The training program equips workers with skills on how to handleexposure situations so as to avoid infections using availableresources and how to carry out follow- up activities so as to ensurethat the worker is not infected (NationalCommittee for Clinical Laboratory Standards, 2002).Laboratory workers must also receive more training than other workersas they come into regular contact with contaminated body fluids.
Protectivemeasures currently in effect
Currently,Metropolitan hospital has safety standards that include provision ofprotective gears. All employees are expected to put on protectivegear at all times when handling patients (McDonnell& Sheard, 2012).The hospital also requires all workers to undergo rigorous trainingevery year so as to ensure that they are well- informed regardingdisease strains (JonFrank et al., 2005).The hospital also has a solid vaccination program for all workers soas to protect them from potential infection. All exposed workersundergo a thorough disinfection program for at least a week andfollow- up sessions that are spread across a month. Records regardingexposed workers are also kept with details of the infection andconfidentiality is observed.
Allmaterials are clearly labeled with orange and red ribbons so as toidentify materials and avoid contamination. The hospital providesprotective gear for all workers so as to prevent cross infection. Allcontaminated materials are elaborately discarded and the procedurefor handling the equipment is also clear (NationalCommittee for Clinical Laboratory Standards, 2002).Records regarding the cleaning schedules of equipment and laundry arealso clear as a way of ensuring that all equipment is cleaned.However, the procedure for cleaning contaminated laundry is notelaborate as all laundry is cleaned in general. The hospital isputting up measure to ensure that laundry is separately cleaned so asto avoid cross- infection.
Establishthe procedures for evaluating the circumstances of an exposureincident
Thehospital has elaborate means of handling exposure. Once a worker isexposed to blood borne pathogen, the worker is required to report tothe nursing supervisor. The nurse cleanses the worker and administersexposure drugs so as to protect the worker. The nurse then recordsthe circumstances under which the worker was exposed and thedepartment that the worker works. The nurse must also record the modeof contamination and the means of contamination. The nurse then putsthe worker under follow- up exams spread across a month as a way ofmonitoring the worker’s health.
JonFrank, J., Shannon, J., Rogers, B., & Medcom, inc. (2005).Recommendationsfor Reducing Morbidity and Mortality related to healthcare-Associated Infections in California. Cypress,Calif: Medcom Trainex.(http://www.cdph.ca.gov/HealthInfo/discond/Documents/RecforReducingMorbandMortRelatedtoHAIinCaRpttoDHS.pdf)
Motacki,K., Kapoian, T., & O`Mara, N. B. (2011). Anillustrated guide to infection control.New York: Springer Pub.(http://www.springerpub.com/samples/9780826105608_chapter.pdf)
NationalCommittee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. (2002). PreventingBloodborne pathogen infection: Protection through better practice.Wayne, PA: National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. (http://www.hse.gov.uk/biosafety/diseases/bbv.pdf)
UnitedStates Department of Health. (2014). “QuickReference Guide to the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard” UnitedStates Department of labor. Washington:U.S Department of Labor. (https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/bloodbornepathogens/bloodborne_quickref.html)
McDonnell,G. E., & Sheard, D. (2012). Apractical guide to decontamination in healthcare.Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.(http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=N6wQLPNa_RwC&pg=PA1&lpg=PA1&dq=A+Practical+Guide+to+Decontamination+in+Healthcare&source=bl&ots=y4ce-yw7AO&sig=ISwyeaSCAQG6z54CVI9rmcfyoUQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=yBRMU__lJeuV0QX7moDwCQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=A%20Practical%20Guide%20to%20Decontamination%20in%20Healthcare&f=false)