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Constructing Normalcy

7

ConstructingNormalcy

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#1

Powerdescribes the ability to control or influence the conduct of otherindividuals. The act of influencing the conduct of other people canbe derived from authority, which is alleged to be a legitimate powerwithin the social sphere. It is apparent that the power can be viewedas evil at times. However, the exercise of power is fundamental topeople in the social context. At times, the application of force isdeemed necessary as individuals seek to demonstrate their power.People with power are superior to people who do not have the powerthus the latter are perceived as subordinates who follow orders fromthe powerful.

Somethingthat is normal conforms to the expected standards of a situation oran event. The implication of the above point is that something thatfalls within the average mark is normal during things that fall wayout of the average point. The degree of variation between thereference point and the normal things is absolutely minimal. Forinstance, a normal individual portrays average intelligence,character traits, behavior and conforms to the social norms that areset by the community. On the contrary, abnormal individuals mayportray below average levels of intelligence, as well as demonstratequestionable skills and techniques of handling difficult situations.

Abnormaldescribes a situation or event that is directly opposite of normal.The entire aspects of abnormal situations are always overwhelminglyout of range and away from the average point. Notably, somethingmight be perceived as being abnormal by individuals&nbspwho do notcomprehend how&nbspthat thing works or perhaps people who areencountering a situation or feeling for the first time. The deviationof a situation from what is deemed acceptable insinuatesabnormalities and such situations are worrying. Further, abnormal isassociated with the creation of problems, especially in the eventthat whatever that has deviated greatly from the typical iscompletely undesirable. For instance, abnormal winds can cause havocto the lives of people especially when they develop to typhoons.

Disabilityresults from mental, physical, cognitive sensory, developmental oremotional impairment, in people or other organisms. Notably, somedisabilities can portray a combination of the above disabilities inindividuals. Therefore, disability is a general concept, which coversall forms of impairments that can possibly affect individuals. Suchimpairments imply that the body organs fail to function as expected,and in some extreme cases disabilities might turn out to be fatal.There are state organs that seek to help individuals withdisabilities. The aim is tohelp disabled people live the mostfulfilling life possible. However, disabled people should not betreated differently, but respected with dignity.

#2

Tomany, the notion of power is always misinterpreted. Being the abilityto control or influence the activities and behavior of people, theconcept is always misused and abused by people who intend to oppressother people. In a nutshell, power is not taken as an opportunity torender services to mankind, but a chance to exercise behavioralimpunity and grab public property, as well (Michalko&amp Titchkosky2009). Further, the association of force or coercion with powerinsinuates an aspect of the dictatorship. The modern development andadvancement of democracy does not accommodate dictatorship thusmaking the entire idea of power wrong and inappropriate.

Normal,on the other hand, is a subjective term whose meaning changes withdifferent people. it is worth noting that, a situation or somethingis normal as long as it conforms to the subjective standards of society. Therefore, one thing could be normal on one context anddifferent in another social context (Michalko&amp Titchkosky2009). For instance, the practice of female circumcision is normal insome African communities. However, such practices are shunned in thewestern culture and discouraged. The explanation proves that the termnormal can vary in its applicability depending with the context orsituation. Imperatively, there are situations that agree with theuniversal standards of normal.

Similarto the inclination of the above critique of the meaning to the termnormal, the term abnormal is employed in a subjective fashion.Abnormal situations and the understanding of the same are influenced,by social context and environment. Anything that deviates from theexpected and subjectively set standards qualifies to be abnormal(Dudley-Marling &amp Gurn2010). There are no provisions for slight degrees of variation thusmaking the entire notion of abnormal wrong. Suggestively, thereshould be&nbspa&nbspthorough evaluation of something or a situationbefore it is termed as abnormal. There might be features that arehidden and without close examination they might be missed.

Finally,disability is taken to insinuate a situation of complete inability.Disabled individuals have been discriminated for a long time underthe assumption that they are not able to perform any duty or task bythemselves. Notably, there might be some differences between peoplewhose entire body organs are intact and those whose body parts areimpaired or non-functional. In modern times, technology has enabledpeople who are disabled to perform lots of tasks that were impossiblein the past. Therefore, disabled people should be treated differentlybut respected at all times. Equal opportunities should be granted todisabled people in equal measures as the normal people.

#3

DAVIS,L. J. (1995). Enforcing normalcy: disability, deafness, and the body.London [u.a.], Verso.

ConstructingNormalcy

Theauthor of a literary work is striving to make a strong claim that theconstructions of the normal world by the people are grounded on thedeep-seated subjugation of disability. However, a community withdisabled people can survive competitively if they are given thenecessary and appropriate power structures (Davis 1995). Such peoplewill fail to accommodate normal people as they will regard thenormal ones like aliens or strangers. Under constructing normalcyheading, the author makes it clear that the ideal body or beauty doesnot exist. The author asserts that the ideal body can only bedeveloped in the minds of people in abstract forms (Dudley-Marling &ampGurn2010). Therefore, the average beauty can only be achieved inpaintings and the same can only be associated with gods.

Theauthor framed his analysis by drawing from earlier works and theoristwho explored the idea of normalcy. Evidently, there are keypersonalities who tried to explore the concept of normalcy as Marx.Although the earlier authors were exploring different aspects ofnorms and normalcy, drawing from the works of such authors link thepast research outcomes with present research activities (Davis 1995).Further, the references give authority and strength to the works ofthe author. Notably, the author employed triangulation method ofresearch and analysis to improve the focus of the reading.Triangulation allows an author to make references to differentdimensions of the concept, as well as test the applicability of thesame in different fields. In the same vein, the author explored theidea of normalcy from its origin to its use on statistics, socialstatus, physical status and health.

Theclaims that the author puts across are well substantiated using clearpremises and conclusions. The author makes it possible and easy forthe reader to grasp every point that has been put across (Michalko&amp Titchkosky2009). Essentially, the ideas and claims are systematically developedfrom the root to the advanced levels as they are perceived today.

Theauthor has vastly used examples in every argument that he putsacross. There are several examples that relate to the employment ofthe normal concept, as well as how the idea of normalcy isconstructed. The examples range from medical application tostatistics and social status between the proletariats andbourgeoisies (Davis 1995). The application of a specific examplebrings out a sense of clarity in a point thus making itunderstandable to every reader. It becomes possible to relate theideas of the author with everyday life experiences.

Theposition taken by the author has the implication that theconstruction of normalcy is laden with bias and subjectivity. In thissense, the author is inclined towards the fact that people should notbe classified as normal or abnormal as these are constructions thatcan be reversed. Imperatively, it is absolutely possible to followthe arguments of the author and make totally different conclusion(Dudley-Marling &amp Gurn2010). The reading gives lots of insights to the reader, and thisimplies that the claims of the author are plausible. Plausible ideasand arguments are open to criticisms and falsification. Therefore,fresh evidence can prove that indeed the claims and outcomes of theauthor’s research are wrong or require improvement to maintainconsistence with the modern situations.

Bibliography

DAVIS,L. J. (1995). Enforcing normalcy: disability, deafness, and the body.London [u.a.], Verso.

DUDLEY-MARLING,C.,&amp Gurn, A. (2010).&nbspTheMyth Of The Normal Curve.New York, Peter Lang.

MICHALKO,R., &amp TITCHKOSKY, T. (2009).&nbspRethinkingnormalcy: a disability studies reader.Toronto, Canadian Scholars` Press.