Deism and Enlightenment
DEISM AND ENLIGHTENMENT 4
Asa theological ideology, deism is a position that there is noexistence of a higher power or “the creator.” Due to thisposition, deists hold that there is neither no God nor anintervention of a super being in regard to the natural functioning ofthe world (Lambert, 2010). Some of the most prominent deists includePresidents James Madison and Abraham Lincoln, philosophers Aristotleand Antony Flew, Linguist Alexander Pope, scientist Andrei Sakharov,and economist Adam Smith (Lambert, 2010).
Oldlearning presents conservative ways of internalizing facts and worldphenomenon while new learning incorporates varied methods ofunderstanding and conceptualizing world phenomenon. While the oldlearning understands the facts and circumstances as they are newlearning tries to modify the understanding of phenomenon according tohow things ought to be an element that makes new learning attractive(Lambert, 2010).The transition from old to new learning tookcenturies due to the ideological differences that each era portrays.
Threeof the most prominent proponents of enlightenment include Baron deMontesquieu, who led the adoption of the ideology in France. French,Jean Jacques Rousseau, also led in the ideology, whose impact isregarded as one of the influences of the French revolution. InGermany, Moses Mendelssohn led a proposition for enlightenment byinfluencing people to embrace rationalism and the development ofrational progress (Lambert, 2010).
Enlightenmentcarry over into deism by providing a different way of thinking andperceiving the world with an aim of getting answers to questions andseeking solutions to problems (Lambert, 2010).The main reason thatdeists have to value the freedom of religion is that it s illogicalto believe that there is God. Their reasoning is that there is norationale in placing believes that there is a superior being thatcontrols the world order.
Lambert,F. (2010). TheFounding Fathers and The Place Of Religion In America.New Jersey: