Disease prevention program
DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM 7
HeartDisease and Stroke Prevention program (HDSP)
Thereare various programs that deal with community health and diseaseprevention matters in the US. Most of these are under the Center forDisease Control and Prevention (CDC) department. One of the programsis the Division for Heart Diseases and Stroke Prevention (HDSP).Among the key goals for this program is to provide health servicesand also to offer leadership in cardiovascular diseases in the USA.There are disparities in the community at large in matters related toheart complications and stroke (Cyr, 2003). Therefore, the program’spromise is to minimize these disparities and at the same time reducethe heavy burden experienced by the victims of heart diseases andstroke.
However,the program does not only focus its activities on heart problemsalone, but also stroke, which is another health problem that affectsmajority of Americans (Nightingale, E. O. 1978). In addition,statistics show that heart and stroke diseases are among the leadingcauses of fatalities in the United States. Furthermore, studies haveshown that many disabilities are caused by these problemscountrywide. The two problems are believed to be the key causes ofcardiovascular problems.
Thegreat concern on the increased cases of deaths and disability, whichare related to heart diseases and stroke, brought together variousstakeholders to curb and reduce these incidences (Issel, 2014). There was need to devise a strategy to control or curb theseconditions (Issel, 2014). Some of the players involved in thisincluded experts in the public health, specialists in cardiovasculardiseases and stroke prevention, as well as other key partnersincluding the government and other organizations. The team came upwith steps and recommendations to be taken for this initiative.
Thedivision of heart disease and stroke prevention is headed by theoffice of the director with a deputy director. There are differentoffices under this office. These include administrative office,strategic, planning and external relations, senior advisor todivision director and associate director of science. In additionthere are several branches namely: Epidemiology and surveillancebranch, applied research and evaluation branch and programdevelopment and services (Jonas et al, 2008). All these branchescoordinate different teams that are responsible for variousactivities in the program.
Theprogram seeks to reduce the risk factors which are associated withheart diseases and stroke. The program implements this goal byincreasing awareness regarding risks associated with heartcomplications and stroke. At the same time, the Division for HeartDiseases and Stroke Prevention puts measures in place to identify,analyze and provide strategic preventative mechanisms for both theheart diseases and stroke risk factors. It also works to make surethat proper guidelines are followed. In addition, in order tocontinue reducing the risk factors of these two problems, the programhas increased surveillances aimed at identifying incidences of thesecomplications across the country (Jonas et al, 2008). Thisalso helps to know the populations that are at risk. The datagathered assists in coming up with proper policies and guidelines todeal with these diseases. It is vital to point out that the programseeks to encourage good behaviors that reduce occurrences of thesediseases amongst the people.
Thesecond goal is to effect detection and provide treatment to thevictims who have shown any symptoms or signs of heart diseases orstroke. The measures under this goal include making sure that thereare enough services for prevention, carrying out screening andproviding interventions, which are specifically related to the livingstyles. In addition, the program focuses on providing medicine to theaffected groups. It goes ahead to identify a part of the populationwith high rates of these problems and consequently reducing thedisparities through proper strategies for public health. The steps tobe taken in enhancing public health are evaluated before beingdisseminated for execution. The stakeholders concerned are furtheradvised to adhere to the stipulated guidelines.
Consequently,the program seeks to make sure that early identification is done,which is followed by proper treatment of these problems. This is donethrough ensuring that there are increased monitoring activities anddealing with any results that are realized. The program also makessure that there are proper systems in place that coordinate careactivities for those affected and ensuring a successfulrehabilitation process is carried out. Furthermore, there are greatefforts put in place to act in time, offering transport services andenhancing awareness (Jonas et al, 2008). The treatment of thesecomplications is made affordable to many and they are alsocomprehensive. This is mostly emphasized to those having disparitiesin the society.
Thefourth goal is to ensure that occurrences of cardiovascular cases arereduced. This include making sure that there are adequate resourcesin identification, monitoring and surveillance on people who aresuffering from cardiovascular issues. It also involves improving thequality of life they are leading, ensuring that they are followingthe instructions and providing information regarding the cost ofservices they are offered. They also monitor the economic situationand possibility of having mental problems to the victims. The programalso involves the improvement of research services based on theevidence available. The program seeks to reduce barriers throughworking together with other organizations and health professionals(Jonas et al, 2008). This ensures that there are reduced recurrentoccurrences of the diseases and quality care is given to the people.
Thefinal main goal is to make sure that the program employs highlyskilled manpower to drive its public health activities in matters ofheart disease and stroke. This is ensured by incorporating manymethods of improving skills and delivery of its staff. They alsocarry out training programs on leadership to their workforce andrecognizing any achievement from its workforce in dealing with heartdisease and stroke (Nightingale, 2006). It is imperative to note thatthere is continued collaboration among all employees in the fightagainst these diseases. In addition, the program involves efficientdivision of work, which provides proper working environment for all.This makes sure that there is promotion of diversity in professional,cultural and educational values (Jonas et al, 2008). Itprovides a learning platform for developing skills and knowledge ofits staff. In the program, there is systematic communication processand incorporation ofefficient procedures in its activities. It isvital to point out that the management is responsive to theemployees’ working problems, which works well in motivating them.
Theabove programs are involving and thus require massive investment andcommitment. It means, therefore, that carrying out these programs inthe entire country can be a challenging task without propercoordination and funding (Jonas et al, 2006).
Inthis regard, the Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention hasdifferent sources of funds and collaborations. However the mainsource of fund is from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC). The program works hand in hand with the federal and stategovernments to raise funds for these programs. Local agencies arealso involved in funding these noble initiatives. At the same time,nongovernmental organizations do support the DHDSP programs in thefight against heart diseases and stroke.
Cyr,N. M. (2003). Healthpromotion, disease prevention, and exercise epidemiology.Dallas: University Press of America.
Issel,L. M. (2014). Healthprogram planning and evaluation: A practical, systematic approachfor community health.Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Nightingale,E. O., Institute of Medicine (U.S.), & National Academy ofSciences (U.S.). (2006). Perspectiveson health promotion and disease prevention in the United States. Washington: National Academy of Sciences.
Jonas,S., Lawrence, R. S., & Woolf, S. H. (2008). Healthpromotion and disease prevention in clinical practice.Baltimore, Md: Williams & Wilkins.