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Drivingand Texting

Drivingand Texting

Abstract

Textingmassage while driving so dangerous, because it is easy to make worthsomeone life. Texting while driving is dangerous, because it is makesomeone busy during driving. While someone driving and texting atsame time, it takes eyes off the road and that will going to affectan accident.This topic is talk about the driving and texting, and howdangerous that could have happen.This topic is talk about thesolutions, and how could these solutions save a lot of people fromaccident or death during them driving. There are a lot of solutionsthat could solve and stop this problem. One of the solutions is tostop texting while driving in the road, so that could save a lot ofpeople life. Another solution is the car has new program device, sothe program device can record what you are going to say and then sendit to somebody that you want to.

Inthe modern world, text messages have become a very effective methodof communication. A majority of people who own a cell phone spendmost of their times texting. People respond to the urge of textingand in turn become immersed into a distant world of oblivious oftheir surrounding environment. This phenomenon is experienced amongstdrivers who do not resist the urge to both read and respond to theirtext messages. In the recent past, a number of states have put inplace a ban on texting while driving. However, a significant numberof states have not taken any action citing lack of enough evidence asthe reason why they cannot just ban the risky behavior (Cornwell 17).Although some laws which ban texting while driving exist, theireffect is yet to be filled. A number of researchers are carrying outthe relevant studies in order to determine the effects of textingwhile driving so that they can present hard evidence on the same.Generally, the existing literature suggests that texting whiledriving is so risky that it can even be compared to driving whileintoxicated.

Reasonswhy texting while driving should be banned

Thenumbers of text messages which have been sent since the beginning ofthe new millennium have been on the increase in the U.S. Currently,more than 110 billion text messages are sent on a monthly basis.Recent research suggests that more than 21% of driver have confessedto have texted while driving. The most culpable group are the driversaged between 18-24 years. It is not just the rate of text messagingthat is crucial in this case. The action of text messaging whiledriving has recently increased. In addition, significant number ofaccidents has been attributed to text messaging. In most cases,drivers are unable to respond to the red light signal because theyare too much engrossed in text messages. Regrettably, text messagingis the leading cause of road accidents, leading to either injuries oreven death (Shinar 23). As such, laws which outlaw texting whiledriving should be embraced in order to reduce the number of roadaccidents caused by such an activity. Adoption of relevant laws willgreatly minimize texting while driving and consequently minimize roadaccidents.

Harmfuleffects of text messaging while driving

Althoughone cannot see the connection between texting and driving on the facevalue, it is unfortunately among the leading cause of road accidents.According to National Highway statistics, 80 % of road crashes wereas a result of distraction at the road. A large percentage ofaccidents have been attributed to only 3 seconds distraction betweentheir occurrences. Various research also point to the fact thatdrivers who’s eyes are off the road for some seconds are morelikely to be engaged in car accident than drivers who are notdistracted. This statistics clearly shows that texting while drivingcan increase the risk of being involved in a car accident.Psychologists have on several occasions compared texting whiledriving to drunk driving. The reason for such comparison is that thelevel of impairment for such drivers is equal to those who driverabove the recommended 0.08% alcohol-blood level (Shinar 46). Due tothe increased risk that text driving poses to drivers, it isimportant to ban texting while driving.

Ina study conducted in Canada, it was revealed that both experiencedand novice car drivers experienced challenges their visual perceptionwhen they were using a phone. As opposed to the experienced driverswho slowed down when using their phones, young and novice driversstill drove at the same speed even when using their mobile phone.However, this did not experienced drivers off the hook as they alsoexperienced some level of distraction when using their phones.

Recentresearch conducted by Virginia Transportation Institute revealed thattruck drivers who get engrossed in texting while driving are 23 timeslikely to experience road accidents than their counterparts. Justlike there are laws which prevent driving under the influence, thereshould be laws which ban texting while driving. In December 2011, thestatistics reported by the U.S National Transportation Safety Board(NTBS) gave their recommendations for all states to ban the practiceof texting while driving. The report also observed that texting iseven more risky than speaking on the phone, as it involves manual andvisual forms of distraction. Although it is difficult to estimate thecomparative risk of crash for multiple distraction sources, it iscommon knowledge that texting while driving can be quite risky whendriving, even for the most experienced drivers.

Effectivenessof laws which ban texting while driving

Althoughsome countries have found it difficult to introduce laws which bantexting while driving, a significant number which have put in placesuch laws have found them quite effective. A majority of peoplecontend that it is not possible to spot a driver text messagingespecially when they conduct it below the dashboard. However, trafficlaw enforcers are adequately trained to observe such behaviors amongthe drivers (Shinar 45). For instance, if the head is slanted, thenthe driver is more likely to be texting while driving. In addition,dissemination of knowledge is extremely important in preventing theact of texting while driving. Research indicates that when moredrivers become aware of such laws, they are less likely to flout themhence the reduction in the number of road accidents. California Statehas registered the highest level of success with the implementationof such laws. Immediately the law became effective, there was asignificant reduction in the number of drivers who texted whiledriving.

Whatshould be done to curb the vice?

Althoughlaws prohibiting texting while driving have been put in place inseveral states, they have not been completely effective in thereduction of such a practice. However, all is not lost as otheroptions still exists. To begin with, the government should considermaking education on the dangers of texting while driving compulsory.Potential drivers ought to be required to pass a certain test basedon their knowledge of the dangers of texting while driving. Althoughdriver education is at the moment being taught in schools, it has notproven to be effective. Partly to blame for this is the fact thatsuch education only focus on rules and driving techniques (Cromwel33). By making it mandatory for prospective drivers to enroll inclasses teaching about distracted driving, the government will havesolved the problem of accidents caused by texting while driving.

Conclusion

Textingwhile driving has caused thousands of people to lose their lives.These numbers increase constantly as communication through textbecomes popular. Currently, a number of states have laws whichprohibit texting while driving. However, these have not proven to bedeterrent enough to warn people on the dangers of their activities.Taking cognizance of these disturbing facts, the government ought tocome up with effective legislations which will address the problemaccordingly. The laws should factor in all ages of drivers sinceeverybody is susceptible to distraction once they engage in textingwhile driving. A hefty fine and suspension of license is perhaps oneof the most effective strategies to curb the risky habit. Apart fromthe above laws, driver education should also be emphasized. Failureto come up with right policies would only lead to more road crashes.

Workscited

Cornwell,Mary. &quotyouWon`t Lol When You`re Doa Quit Texting While Driving&quot: AProject in Public Relations., 2010. Print.

Shinar,David. TrafficSafety and Human Behavior.Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2007. Print.