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Environmental and the Aviation Sector

Environmentalandthe AviationSector

EnvironmentRelated Opportunities

Thoughthe environmenthas variousattributesthat posea challengeto theprosperousaviationindustry,itis worthstatingthatthereexistsa myriad of environmental interrelated opportunitiesforthesector.In therecentpastclimate,changecausedby thegradualwarming of our planethas poseda threatto allsectorsallaround theworld(OECD, 2012). Governmentshavesetup measuresto reversethesituation.In thisrespect,thereis direneedforthemanufactureof aviationenginesthat are environmentally friendly.Asmanyindustriescontinueto initiateprogramsto maintaina cleanenvironmentdevelopmentof aircraft enginesthat donot degradetheenvironmentcan be a lucrativeopportunityforcompaniesthat manufacturetheseengines.Moreover,aircraft enginemanufacturershavean opportunityto expandtheir businessby venturinginto theassemblyof enginesthat are friendlyto theenvironment(GAO, 2010).

Expansionof thecapacityof airportsis anotherenvironmentassociatedopportunityin theindustry.Overthelasttwo decades thedemandforairtravelhas skyrocketedandthishas resultedto massivecongestionairportswhich are associatedwith dilapidationof thequalityof air.Expansionof airportswillenablethestakeholders to augments their profitsas delaysare avertedandcongestionisreduced(Goodman,2009). Noisehas beenanothercriticalenvironmental issuethat has beenrelatedwiththe aviationindustry.Productionof aircraft that are fittedwith specialdevicesthat shall reducenoisepollutionis anotheropportunityin theaviationsector.

Environment-RelatedChallenges

Aircraftenginesusejetoil(hydrocarbon) to produceenergyto power theplanes.In the21st centurythemostcriticalenvironmental issueifclimatechangemainlycausedby global warming. Climatechangecausedby global warming refersto thegradualincreasein theglobal temperatures.Greenhousegases,suchas carbonIVoxide andmonoxide producedby jetenginesare perforatingtheozone layerthat protectstheplanetfrom sun’sdangerousultra violet rays(Paul&amp Gossling, 2012). Continuedperforationof theozone allows moreandmoreof sun’sultraviolet radiationto reachtheearth’s surface increasingtheplanet’stemperatures.Itis of utmostimportancethattheaviationindustryshould findalternative sourcesof fuelormeansto reducecarbonemissionsthat causeglobal warming.

Therearedifferenttoxic emissionsthat are emittedby aircraft engines,andthesehave adverseeffectson thehumanhealth.Additionally, suchhazardousemissionmay negative effecton biodiversity in habitat neighboringairports.Forexample,theHeathrow International Airport locatedin London has beenlinkedwith thedegradationof airaround theairportdueto thehighrateof trafficandproductionof carbonmonoxide. Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, one of thebusiestairportsin Eastern Africa, is anotherclinical exampleof howemissionsfrom aircraft enginescan affectbiodiversity. Emissionsfrom thisairporthavebeenfoundto degradethequalityof localairandthishas hada negativeimpacton differentanimalspeciesin theNairobi National Park which is a fewkilometers away(Goodman,2009).

ProfitMaximization and Risk Reduction

Asaforementioned,thereexistnumerousopportunitiesandchallengesin theaviationindustrythat are relatedto theenvironment.Stakeholders in thissectorcan adoptstrategiesandmechanismsto identifythemostaptwayto exploittheopportunitiesandredressthechallenges.Thisis theonlycertainwayto ensuregrowthanddevelopmentofthe aviationsectorthat is safeandfriendlyto theenvironment.Governmentneedsto offerguidelines thatairportstakeholders should strictlyfollowto reducedegradationofthe environment.Forexample,theEnvironment Protection Agency in theU.S. has madethe recommendationthatairlinesshould manufacturecraftsthat are not loudto avoidnoisepollution(Goodman,2009). Thishas gonea longwayin solvingtheproblemof noisepollution.Stakeholders can alsopartnerwith thepublicto expandairportsto solvethemenaceof congestion.

Conclusion

Environmentalconcernshaveformedthebasisof everyinternationaldebateas global warming andotherformsof pollutionemanatingfromthe aviationindustrycontinueto degradeour planet.Emissionsfromthe aviationindustryhavereducedthequalityof airandcontributedto climatechange.In spiteof thesechallenges,theaviationindustrycan seizetheopportunityrelatedtothe environmentto enhancetheir proceedsandcontributetowards thebuild up a sustainable environment.

References

EnvironmentStrategic Framework Needed to Address Challenges Posed By AircraftEmissions:Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Aviation, Committee onTransportation and Infrastructure, House of Representatives.Washington: Diane Publishing

Goodman,J. C. (2009). Aviationand the environment,Hauppauge: Nova Science Publishers

OECD.(2012). GreenGrowth and the Future of Aviation.Round Table on Sustainable Development

Paul,Uand Gossling,S.(2012).ClimateChange and Aviation: Issues, Challenges and Solutions.New York: Routledge Pub

UnitedStates General Accounting Office (GAO).(2010). Aviationand the