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General Henry H. Arnold Pioneer in the Advancement of Aeronautical

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GeneralHenry H. Arnold: Pioneer in the Advancement of AeronauticalTechnologies and Tactics

GeneralHenry H. Arnold: Pioneer in the Advancement of AeronauticalTechnologies and Tactics

GeneralHenry Arnold was an American military officer who was born in 1886and died in 1950.1Hewas a son of the physician named Herbert Arnold. General Arnoldjoined the United States Military Academy after his high schoolgraduation where he spent four years. His career in the militaryaviation began when he was put in charge of air machines. GeneralArnold received his aviation training at the Wright Brothers Schooland increased his experience through the military operations beforeintroducing new tactics in the U.S.Army Air force.2General Henry H. Arnold is the pioneer of the ongoing process ofapplying technology in the U.S.Army Air forceoperations and his track record is yet to be broken.

Theearly days of his career as a military aviator involved a lot ofexperiments where General Arnold and other military officers couldtry to find targets on the ground or flying under different climaticconditions. In 1912, General Arnold was recognized as the firstgeneral to prove the usefulness of military aircraft as anexploration vehicle that could be applied in the operationalconditions after flying at a height of 6,540 feet. 3He was also the first person to experiment reconnaissance flyingunder combat conditions from College Park to Washington, DC Armybarracks. In addition, GeneralArnold conducted the first successful experiment for the use of radioto spot targets on the ground from the air in 1912. 4Thisresulted in the discovery of the capacity of radio signals to aid inthe

1U.S. Air Force. “General Henry H. Arnold”. U.S. Air Force.http://www.af.mil/AboutUs/Biographies/Display/tabid/225/Article/107811/general-henry-h-arnold.aspx(Accessed April 26, 2014).

2Ibid,1.

3Ibid,1.

4Glines, C. “General Henry H. Arnold: Architect of America’s AirForce”. Weider History Group,http://www.historynet.com/general-henry-h-hap-arnold-architect-of-americas-air-force.htm(Accessed April 26, 2014).

reconnaissanceflight. A global network made up of radio stations was developed toconnect about 52 nations with the head office for the management,control, and analysis of military operations being located in theUnited States. 5

Duringthe First World War, which began in April 1917, the total strength ofthe U.S. Army Air force was 52 officers, 200 civilians, 1,100enlisted men, and 55 aircraft that were obsolete. 6General Arnold, who held the position of colonel in the aviationdivision, was concerned and came up with the idea of establishing anair army that had the capacity to building airfields and producingaircraft. In addition, the wartime gave General Arnold an opportunityto develop the first tactical and strategic air defense dogma. Duringthis tine General Arnold developed the concepts (such as massed airstrike strength) of a powerful air force. This enabled General Arnoldto enhance the strength of the U.S. Army Air force to the mostpowerful air force in the world prior to and during the Second WorldWar.

Duringthe Second World War, General Arnold managed to reorganize the U.S.Army Air force division and formulate effective strategies that gavethe U.S. army victory over its enemies. GeneralArnold devised the Eighth Air Force that led to strategic bombingagainst the Nazi Germany. 7Thisresulted in the development of the air war plan that was designatedas AWPD/1. The new air war plan defined the tasks of the U.S. ArmyAir force to include the protection of the Western Hemisphere,defense against Japan, and offensive strategies against Japan andGermany. 8Apart from the increase in the number of human resource serving in

5.U.S. Air Force. “General Henry H. Arnold”. U.S. Air Force.http://www.af.mil/AboutUs/Biographies/Display/tabid/225/Article/107811/general-henry-h-arnold.aspx(Accessed April 26, 2014).

6.Ibid,6.

7.Davis, G. HenryH. Arnold military aviator.Washington, DC: Air Force History and Museums Program, 1997, p.20-21.

8.National WASP World War II Museum. “Hap Arnold Biography”.National WASP World War II Museum,http://waspmuseum.org/hap-arnold-biography/ (Accessed April 26,2014).

theair force, General Arnold emphasized on the integration of technologyin military operations.

GeneralArnold planned to attack Japan after the successful air operationsagainst Germany. GeneralArnold planned the development of the Very Long Range bomber (VLR)that aided in strategic bombing in Japan. 9The unique arrangement of commands was one of the key tactics thatgave General Arnold victory in his operations. General Arnold wasable to take over direct supervision of the VLR program upon therealization of the difficulties surrounding its development anddeployment in Japan. Being in the direct control of the Twentieth AirForce, General Arnold was able to ensure that the leaders of thecombating force were competent to apply the technological weapons inways that could lead to successful operations. 10

Inconclusion, the ongoing process of applying technology in the U.S.Air forceoperations can be attributed to Arnold’s efforts and his passionfor technology. Although General Henry Arnold never participated inactive exchange of bullets or dropping bombs in combat, his effortsand dedication helped in the development as well as employment of thelargest military air forces across the globe. This shows that thecapacity to establish effective chains of command, designing the warstrategies to be used by combat forces, and selection of the mostappropriate aviation technology for air operation were the keyfactors that led to his victory.

9.National Museum of the US Air Force. “General Henry H. “HAP”Arnold”. National Museum of the US Air Force,http://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=8526(Accessed April 26, 2014).

10.Ibid,1.

Bibliography

Davis, G. HenryH. Arnold military aviator.Washington, DC: Air Force History and Museums Program, 1997.

Glines, C. “General Henry H.Arnold: Architect of America’s Air Force”. Weider History Group,http://www.historynet.com/general-henry-h-hap-arnold-architect-of-americas-air-force.htm(Accessed April 26, 2014).

National Museum of the US AirForce. “General Henry H. HAP Arnold”. National Museum of the USAir Force,http://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=8526(Accessed April 26, 2014).

National WASP World War IIMuseum. “Hap Arnold Biography”. National WASP World War IIMuseum, http://waspmuseum.org/hap-arnold-biography/ (Accessed April26, 2014).

U.S. Air Force. “General HenryH. Arnold”. U.S. Air Force.http://www.af.mil/AboutUs/Biographies/Display/tabid/225/Article/107811/general-henry-h-arnold.aspx(Accessed April 26, 2014).