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Geography 141 06/04/2014

Geography141

06/04/2014

Globalization

Globalizationhas virtually changed all aspects of human life. It has made accessto information very easy irrespective of distance. More importantly,it has made it possible for scholars in the field of Geography tohave a comparative perspective of various pertinent issues in thediscipline. This paper will focus on six articles from People’sDaily (China) and demonstrate how they connect to five regionalthemes including economic setting, geopolitics, culture, populationand environment.

ArticlesThemes and Summaries

Thearticle, “Chinese Yuan to appreciate moderately: experts”, byHongyu (editor), dated 06/04/2014, has an economic setting. Thewriter reports that though Chinese Yuan has been performing dismallyagainst the U.S. dollar, the trend will change drastically. In thefirst quarter of the year, U.S dollar enjoyed an advantage of about2.6%, hurting China’s industries. Companies in East China bore thegreatest brunt of a weak Yuan because they depend on solar energy.Concomitantly, those in the real estate business endured a difficultstart to 2014. This introduces a social setting because with limitedfinance, social services deteriorate. However, Zhou Hongli, arespected authority on finance, forecast that the Yuan would gain a0.3% advantage over the U.S. dollar. This portends more financialgains to Chinese investors. By its own content alone, it isself-evidence that the article has an economic setting.

UnitedStates of America, the world’s only superpower, and China, anemerging superpower, have differed over issues and ideals ofdemocracy. In the article, “China urges U.S. to refrain frominterfering in HK’s affairs”, by WangXin and Yao Chun (editor),China’s department of foreign affairs chastises U.S for perceivedinterference with domestic issues. This is a geopolitical setting asit touches on issues of geography and politics. The article citesBiden’s, U.S. deputy president, meeting with two Chinese activistsas a case of interference. It also infers to other instances in whichU.S. has rebuked China for limiting freedom of the press anddemocracy. China, an emerging superpower, wants to hold its ownground and stand against what it deems as interference. Culture andpolitics are inseparable. China has strong reverence to age andquestioning power is not a common occurrence. The article thereforehas a geopolitical and cultural setting.

Chinahas a long history of sections of the population that subjugated andenslaved others. The article, “China Focus: Tibetans mark SerfsEmancipation Day”, by ZhangQian and Yao Chun, (editors), dated29/03/2014, portrays a jubilant section of the population as itcommemorated a day that it broke from domination. It was not until1959 when serfdom crumbled and Tibetan began enjoying full political,social and economic rights. This is a population and settlement themebecause it details how Tibetans came to settle in Lhasa. The articlehas cultural and economic themes. Culturally, people are marking avery important day in their calendar. They have come in proclaimtheir nationhood donned in traditional attires, pulu. Additionally,their economy has grown tremendously within a short period. Thepeople have founded an archive to serve as a memory store for allhumiliations during the years of slavery. They rue the past butremain optimistic that the freedom will last forever.

Extensivemining has led to massive land degradation in China. Often, vagariesof nature strike with disastrous effects. In the article, “22trapped in SW China mine flood”, by WangXin and Yao Chun (editors),dated 07/04/2014, captures such an accident in Xiahaizi that left 22people dead. Coalmines are becoming death traps with poor emergencyservices exacerbating the situation. The article has visual evidencedetailing the destruction in the wake of the floods. Qujing city hasrich mineral deposits. Consequently, miners have camped in the areato take advantage of the minimal competition especially from bigmining multinationals. The haphazard mining methods have createdvalleys through which rainwater flows. With global warming, naturehas become more dangerous and unpredictable. The article focusespurely on environmental geography theme.

Amongthe most superior way of expressing culture is through films andarts. The article, “Converted 3D movie for Chinese market comesunder question”, by WangXin and Yao Chun (editors, dated07/04/2014, explores expression of Chinese culture through a movie.The cultural theme is therefore self-evident. The article highlightsthe growing prominence of 3D movies in China and argues that byproducing it in 2D in other countries, China will alienate the globalaudience. The article has an economic theme as it explores thepossibility of financial incentives as being the reason why China isshowing more proclivities for 3D movies.

Thelast article, “Chinese needs to improve industrial image”, underthe authorship of People’s Daily Online, dated 15/04/2014, possessan economic and cultural theme. The authorship suggests that for along time, China’s industrial image has suffered poor publicitybecause of substandard products. In spite of a growth that saw Chinasurpass other industrial nations in exporting industrial products,the Asian giant has failed to capitalize on the momentum to curve outa bigger niche. The article suggests a Five-Year Strategic Plan tohelp redefined China’s industrial image. In essence, the aim is tobuild the country’s economy hence the economic theme. Culturaltheme comes in because of the fact that a change can only result frompeople’s changing their culture of doing something.

Globalizationand Diversity

Globalizationis a phenomenon that has changed the world in many ways. China, andthe Asian region, has had many recent issues and events covered byPeople Daily illustrate the profound influence of globalization.People travel fast, shop at the comfort of their houses, conductsurveillance, and interaction. The most conspicuous aspect in thenewspaper is the disappearance of the Malaysian plane that had manyChinese nationals. China has employed its surveillance technology totry to locate the plane. Though the efforts have been fruitless, theywould practically non-existent were it not for globalization.

WangXinand Chun’s article, “Online sellers look at new sites to makebusiness click”, highlights the effects of globalization in China.As technology advances, people are looking for easier way to dothings. Shopping for items is one area that has benefited fromglobalization. Taobao, for instance, runs an online shopping platformthat has connected China with other parts of the world. Incidentally,most of the globalization in China is internal. The phenomenon haschanged the way China’s people interact, further fosteringdiversity. The movement of people from rural areas to secure jobs inexpanding cities has come because of globalization.

Theother area of globalization that is changing life in China ise-commerce. JD.com is among the most active sites in the world.Adoption of electronic payment methods, a product of globalizationhas made it easy to do business without physical presence. Similarly,China’s e-retailing sites are operating in foreign countries likeU.S. In early 2014 for instance, Alibaba, an online retail, announcedplans to penetrate the U.S. market (People’s Daily Online). Themove will bring about closer ties to the two nations that seem to bepulling apart in major global discourses. This will not only promotediversity but also bilateral relations.

Globalizationis evident in the way foreigners are changing their perceptionstowards China. Erstwhile locked in its traditional culture, China isnow embracing diversity more readily than before. People’s Dailyreports that more than ever before, many people in America hold theview that China is an important and influential nation ongeopolitics. Additionally, China has accepted the popular Westernculture. This is partly because of the effects of internet whereyouths can view and compare themselves with their peers oversees.China has, therefore, become more tolerant of diversity, an aspectthat has made it easy for Western expatriates to work their.

Inconclusion, the internet, through social media, e retailing, YouTubeand other forms, has enhanced globalization in China. Though a largepart of the globalization is internal, its citizens have had anopportunity to interact more freely, thus promoting diversity. Thepress too has played a significant part. Though not as robust as manyWestern nations, it continues to act as the window through whichChina’s people see the world. This creates familiarity and breedsreadiness for acceptance with a spiral effect on diversity. With moredeveloped means of transport and communication, a growing economy,and technological innovations, China will become more globalized anddiverse.

WorksCited

People’sDaily Online.Web. 08 April. 2014.