Globalization Extra Credit Part A
Globalization Extra Credit
Thanh Nien News is a Vietnambased newspaper that assembles a wide range of news items for massconsumption. The article “Polluted Rivers, dwindling groundwaterthreaten Vietnam city supply”http://www.thanhniennews.com/society/polluted-rivers-dwindling-groundwater-threaten-vietnam-city-supply-24631.htmloffers a good case study on water pollution. The march 19 2014article highlights the major pollutant as a wood and leather companyin Ho Chi Minh City that discharges its waste water into the mainwater supplier, Dong Nai River. Other river pollutants includeuntreated discharges from hospitals, farms, factories, garbage dumpsand even domestic discharges. These discharges pollute the riverwater, and this water ends up in residential places for humanconsumption. Pollution and over exploitation of ground water alsoposes a threat to human safety. Thus, the polluted water poses athreat to the residents within and without the city as it is a healthhazard. Measures that have been taken to curb this environmentalhazard have failed due to improper implementation. Thus,implementation of preventive measures is the best solution for thewater pollution problem in Vietnam’s Ho Chi Minh City.
The February 13 2014 article “167hydropower plants in central Vietnam eliminated”http://www.thanhniennews.com/business/167-hydropower-plants-in-central-vietnam-eliminated-23884.htmloffers further insight regarding the state of Vietnam’senvironmental issues. It focuses on the negative environmental impactof exploitation of natural resources for electrical power. The HydroPower Department cancelled 167 small hydropower plants spread overthe central provinces of Vietnam despite their ability to produceseveral megawatts of power. The move was implemented to protectresidents from undue displacement and pollution. It also preventedincreasing rates of deforestation in the area. This is because theplants take up a lot of land hence necessitating the cutting of treesto free up more land. Local residents are also displaced to put upthe plants but unfortunately, they are not compensated properly.Rather, they bear the consequences of the water and air pollutantsemitted during the production periods.
Environmental sustainability isthe responsibility of each individual. Vietnam’s Ho Chi Minh Citytook up this responsibility as noted by Thanh Nien News on 24 March2014 in the article “City curbs use of ozone-depleting substance inproduction.”http://www.thanhniennews.com/society/city-curbs-use-of-ozonedepleting-substance-in-production-24140.html This is through the banning of businesses that use high amounts ofhydro-chlorofluorocarbons in production. The city hopes to reduce theuse of this compound in order to reduce the emission ofozone-depleting substances. The article offers different reportsregarding the success rate of the city in eliminating theozone-depleting substances. It notes that some product still use thesubstance hence its mitigation should be a major priority.
On February 24 2014, an articleon Thanh Nien News reminded me of another form of environmentaldegradation. The article, “Vietnam province to further destroy itsbeautiful bay,”http://www.thanhniennews.com/society/vietnam-province-to-further-destroy-its-beautiful-bay-24135.htmlfocused on Vietnam’s Khanh Hoa coastal province. The destruction isassociated with the proposed constructions of a luxury area in closeproximity with the Nha Trang Bay. High-rise buildings and parks willbe built at this area to enhance its beauty for tourism purposes.This will use up over 140 hectares of land and water combined thusdestroying the natural marine environment. The project will alsoencourage water pollution due to the introduction of boats hencedisrupting the marine ecosystem. Debates regarding the preservationof a natural beach as compared to an artificial one did not deter thecommencement of the project.
On March 10 2014, Thanh Nien Newsreported “Deadly dioxin spots discovered at Vietnam’s Bien Hoaairbase.”http://www.thanhniennews.com/society/deadly-dioxin-spots-discovered-at-vietnams-bien-hoa-airbase-24533.htmlThe Vietnam War is a landmark event in the history of Vietnam. Theeffects of the war are still felt several decades later. This isbecause high levels of chemical toxins were used by the U.S duringthis war, and their residues are still high in several spots inVietnam. These toxins endanger the lives of the citizens hence thecountry’s decision to identify and clear the toxins. For instance,the U.S armies used a chemical called Agent Orange, which containsthe toxin dioxin. Dioxin has several adverse effects on human beingssuch as development of cancer and birth defects. The high levels ofdioxin in the airbase were alarming and they necessitated the cleanupof the surrounding water bodies such as rivers in order to protectthe lives of residents.
Thanh Nien News also reported analarming environmental hazard on March 10 2014 in the article“Vietnam aluminium recyclers endanger humans’ environment.”http://www.thanhniennews.com/special-report/vietnam-aluminum-recyclers-endanger-humans-environment-24522.htmlApparently, Bac Ninh’s Man Xa village capitalizes in the recyclingof scrap aluminium metals to make different cookware items. Thisleads to high levels of air pollution through the dark smokedischarged when melting the aluminium metals. Heavy fumes affect theresidents’ respiratory system and the natural environment. Forexample, the fumes cover vegetation, killing a few trees and shrubsin the process. The fumes also affect marine life hence killing fishin ponds within the area. The cookware items also present a healthrisk to consumers since they are not purified during production.Further, they companies use toxic chemicals to clean the items. Therisk of accumulation of aluminium ions in one’s bodies was cited asa leading cause of health issues such as amnesia.
Environmental geography hopes toexplore the relationship between man and his natural environment.Man’s activities influence the natural environment eitherpositively or negatively. The major negative effects of humaninteraction with the environment are pollution. Pollution presentenvironmental issues such as global warming, cooling effect, andclimate change. Globalization is thus a key issue addressed throughthe articles summarized herein. This is because issues such as airpollution and cross-boundary water have global implications (Castreeet al. 30).
The article “Polluted Rivers,dwindling groundwater threaten Vietnam city supply” addresses theimpact of globalization. The water pollution problem is not limitedwithin the city, but rather it affects all the neighbouringresidential areas. For instance, all people who use water fromSaigon-Dong Nai waterway face the consequences of this pollution ofwater. Tourists and foreigners who purchase the water from thewaterway also face the health and economic consequences of thepollution. Overexploitation of groundwater has global implicationssince several people depend on the water within the region.
Deforestation also has globalimplications since its effects are far reaching. For instance,deforestation reduces the vegetation cover of a place thus leading toglobal warming and cooling effects. It also brings about climatechange with adverse effects on the locals and neighbouring areas.Such effects are felt within and without the vicinity of the areaaffected (Castree et al. 62). It is evident therefore that theprevention of the 167 hydropower plants will imply a positiveindication on global climate.
Environmental sustainability is amuch sought after aspect in the world today. Nations are realizingthe importance of sustainable programs in preserving the integrity ofthe environment for future generations. Tourists in turn prefer thebeauty of natural environments because of its uniqueness rather thanartificial environments. Thus, the tourists’ flow into Vietnam maybe interrupted because of the new artificial beach. Vietnam’s moveto create an artificial beach may thus not be appreciated globally.
It is amazing to note that theeffects of Vietnam War are still felt although the war ended in 1975.This discovery has implications on world peace, hence the involvementof the United Nations in the cleanup. It also offers other nationsinsight regarding another source of environmental pollution. Thus,countries that ever involved chemical weapons in war may consider acheck up for any remnants of toxic residues in soil or water bodies.Such discoveries will therefore save the lives of several humanbeings regionally and globally.
The transformation of scrapmetals into useful products is a commendable action as it helpsconsumers’ access cheap products. However, its effects are adverse,making the endeavour more expensive. It is thus necessary to carryout cost-benefits analysis on any production processes beforeallowing their practice. Vietnam carried out this analysis andrealized that the luxury of hydro-chlorofluorocarbon is negligible ascompares to the global effects of ozone-layer depletion. This isbecause ozone-layer depletion plays a major role in enhancing climatechange. Climate change has global implications since it is notlimited by boundaries. Thus, mitigating the depletion by sacrificingthe products that consume this gas is a bold and commendable movetowards curbing the effects of climate change.
Castree, Noel. Demeritt, David.Liverman, Diana. And Rhoads, Bruce. Acompanion to environemntla geography.New York: John Wiley & Sons.2009. Print