In the recent past, several debates have emerged in the field ofcriminology. Majority of these debates are centered on ways throughwhich the law enforcement authorities can effectively deal withemerging security issues. With the increased cases of violent crimesin major cities and residential areas, gun control has evolved into acontroversial issue in the modern society. This notwithstanding, guncontrol is not a new issue in law and criminology. Gun controlinvolves policies and laws that are aimed at regulating the ownershipof firearms by the civilians (Spitzer, 2012). Criminologists havebrought about compelling arguments on the topic over the years. Whilethere are arguments for gun control, I do not favor gun control.There should be no gun controls and civilians need to own guns toprotect themselves and their properties.
Proponents of strict gun control policies have argued that sincemajority of violent crimes are committed using guns, gun controlswill increase the availability of weapons used in violent crimes.Majority of murders or life threatening incidences of crime involvesthe use of guns. For example, a robber armed with a gun is moredangerous compared to a robber armed with a dagger (Black &Daniel, 1998). They have also argued that a civilian in possession ofa gun is more dangerous to himself and others, and thus, commonconfrontational incidences may be fatal. This may increase cases ofaccidental deaths and suicides related to guns. Also, civilianownership of guns increases the likelihood of dangerous weaponsgetting into the wrong hands, for example, young children andmentally ill individuals (Winkler, 2013).
Nonetheless, law abiding citizens needs to protect themselves fromcriminals who have access to dangerous weapons despite strict guncontrol regulations. Civilians require guns to protect themselves andtheir properties and not to commit crimes. In many cases, police areoverwhelmed by the enormous responsibility of protecting the citizensand properties. Additionally, women and weaker individuals armed withguns have a better chance of self-defense (Cornell, 2011). Civilianownership of gun is arguably the greatest deterrence to violentcriminal activities. Any criminal will think twice before attacking ahomestead in which the owner is armed with a gun. It is also asolution to possible cases of illegal ownership of guns. Gun controlwill deny the citizens their rights and could be one step towardsgovernment tyranny and totalitarianism. This is because the ownershipof guns is a constitutional right in most countries, for example, theSecond Amendment of the United States constitution (Winkler, 2013).
There is a need for an evidence based approach towards gun controllaws and regulations, rather that emotional approach. Although thereare some risks involved in civilian gun ownership, gun controls arenot a solution to security issues in the modern society. Moreover,misuse of guns owned by civilians is as a result of lack of propertraining and education. The civilians should be allowed to possessguns for self-defense. Rather than gun control, civilians neededucation and training in weapon handling to reduce accidents andirresponsible use of guns. A ‘well-regulated militia’ istherefore necessary for a secure nation. A well-equipped andregulated militia within the population is an effective component ofa comprehensive security apparatus that can effectively deal withemerging security threats in the modern society.
Black, D. & Daniel N. (1998). "Do `Right to Carry` LawsReduce Violent Crime?". Journal of Legal Studies 27 (1):209–219
Cornell, S. (2011). A WELL-REGULATED MILITIA – The FoundingFathers and the Origins of in America. New York, NewYork: Oxford University Press.
Spitzer, R. J. (2012). "Policy Definition and ".The Politics of . Boulder, Colorado: Paradigm.
Winkler, A. (2013). Gunfight : the battle over the right to beararms in America. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.