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Hadji Murad


Thebook is set during the mid-nineteenth era Caucasus Mountains. It is aregion where Tartar Muslims living in the mountains has waged areligious civil battle. They are also referred to the Chechen,fighting against the Russian colonial military and Orthodox Church,which endeavors to suppress them and widen their kingdom. As thenarrative begins, , a soldier and Tartar governor ofrenowned expertise, has deserted from Shamil’s forces, Chechenspiritual leader. Murad attempts to confer with the Russians injoining their army. His intention is to revenge against Shamil, whohas murdered most of his kin, in addition to holding his wives,mother and children captive. My intent in this essay is to analyzethe theme of heroism through the character analysis of ,as depicted in the novel.

Theactual was born in the 1790s. He was from the Avar ethnicgroup, Caucasus Mountains, and head in the Caucasian conflict. It wasthe tribal opposition to the Russian Empire’s efforts to take overthe area. In reaction to the emergence of Muridism amid the CaucasusMuslims, Murad befriended himself with Russians. The friendship endedwhen an enemy reduced his fame to Russians. He joined forces withImam Shamil, leader of the Northern Caucasian inhabitants. Muradbuilds up a formidable status amid Caucasians and Russians, based onhis military dexterity. However, disagreement with Shamil onsuccession resulted in Shamil’s ordering his murder. He ran away,resulting in the capture of his family.

Fromthe beginning, Tolstoy insists that Murad is an outstandinglyamiable, well-behaved, and disciplined person. In the first scene, heresponds to his host’s greetings via ones of his own. The greetingsare particularly matched to the person he is addressing. Despitehaving starved for a day, he eats the food provided sparingly(Tolstoy 34). This he does so as not to appear as a glutton, a traithis lieutenant borrows. In line with patriarchal tradition, he doesnot discuss important matters when women are present. He keeps theconversation general until the women have left (Tolstoy 32). Duringthe region and time the narrative was written, evaluating business inthe presence of females was regarded as improper conduct. When Muradrequests his host’s assistance to communicate with the Russians, heprovides generous recompense without being requested.

Theauthor portrays the protagonist as a finely tuned character, which isa trait that describes heroism. Despite the amount of time Muradspends without rest, he sleeps cautiously. The least signal ofdanger, including a creak on the floor, has him ready for war(Tolstoy 58). This is more apparent when a group of Shamil loyalistsefforts to hold back his exit from the Chechen village. He is awarethat the perfect manner to scatter them is through facing them down(Tolstoy 58-60). Another illustration is during the Russian’scustody. He disarms an individual that attempts to kill him withouthesitation (Tolstoy 150). Murad demonstrates no apprehension fordeath, as he notes at one point, that if a man manages to murder him,it will verify to be Allah’s will. He is a true representation of ahero, whose motive is honor, not individual concerns. As a result, heis dignified even during death. Even after his capture and murder,his opponents demonstrate trepidation for his heroic resistance up tohis death. He is described as having passed away like a hero (Tolstoy270).

Toexemplify the heroism apparent in the protagonist, Tolstoy comparesMurad to other characters apparent in the narrative. The author doesnot overplay Murad’s idealization, rather ensures that the readercreates a contrasting view of Murad and other characters through thedisparities in their conducts. The other characters are depicted asineffective, small-minded as well as incontinent characters. Forinstance, the Russian military men are defined as slobs. Even when onduty, they litter the scene with remains of food, cigarette ends andbottles of alcohol. The soldiers preoccupy themselves with gambling,drinking and wenching chances, with no consideration if the femalesare married or unmarried (Tolstoy 68-69). The leading officers arenonsensically unconscious of their status. For example, the outpostcommandant fusses about the virtual comfort concerning hisaccommodations. He also argues with his superior concerning whodeserves the opportunity to accept Murad’s surrender (Tolstoy80-81).

Othercharacter illustrations include the ministers and noble courtiers.They are obsessed on placing themselves politically despiteconsiderations for both reasonableness and fairness (Tolstoy 98).Tolstoy defines the peasants with disdain. For example, when a farmerand father to a Russian recruit that has passed away, recalls his sonas skilled, attentive, well built, stable and industrious, Tolstoyrefutes the description (Tolstoy 99). He describes the recruit asvery idiotic he was an indolent complainer that was flogged becauseof stealing money to purchase alcohol. The recruit’s brother is oflesser trait their father defines their disparity similar to acuckoo and eagle (Tolstoy 100). The Russian recruit’s wife appearsworse. She is happy at the passing away of her husband, as she isfree to get married to the father of her child (Tolstoy 103-104). Thecharacters differ from the description of the protagonist. Theprotagonist’s heroism is apparent in his dedication towardsrescuing his family and respect for others. He is as well as askilled soldier, whose prowess is unmatched.


Tolstoy,Leo. HadjiMurad.New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1912. Print.