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Histories of Korea, Japan and Vietnam from 550-1500 CE Class Name


Historiesof Korea, Japan and Vietnam from 550-1500 CE


Historiesof Korea, Japan and Vietnam from 550-1500 CE

Chapter13 of the text patternsof world historyeases the understanding of the far east global past as it examinesthe culture, religion, and intellectual interaction origins of Korea,Vietnam, and Japan, which were greatly influenced by the Chinesecivilization back in the day. The process through which the Chineseculture spread among the Koreans, Japanese, and Vietnamese societiesis today referred as Sinification.1This process took center stage during the reign of the Tang and Songdynasties in China.

Arguably,the elitist members of the three nations were responsible foractively pursuing the Chinese way of life in their communities havingmade contact with China mostly through trade. For instance, all thethree nations elitists were impressed by Buddhism and embraced it,but it should be noted each of the three nations still maintainedtheir unique traditions.

TheTang dynasty (618 – 907 AD) conquered Korea, but discovered rulingthe nation was a difficult affair due to constant revolts. The KoreanSillas kingdom reached an agreement with the Tang emperor aroundthe7th century. It was agreed the Silla would make regular tributepayments to the Tang dynasty, while the Chinese would remove theirmilitary presence in Korea.2In the later centuries, the Chinese remained overlords, but theKorean emissaries gained greater values borrowed directly from theChinese court that were passed directly to their people when theyreturned home.

Japan’sSinification was unique during Nara’s era given its citizensconsciously chose to follow the Chinese civilization as marked by theTaika reforms that were instituted in 646 C.E. The Japanese created asystem of bureaucracy similar to that of China characterized by anarmy of peasant soldiers led by their emperor. In addition, theymimicked the court etiquette similar to that of the Tang Capital, andtheir scholars mastered the Confucian classics and Chinese scripts.

Onthe contrary, though Vietnam shared proximity with China, they had adistinct cultural and social heritage that inspired them to beindependent.3Though the Tang dynasty set out to assimilate the Vietnamese intoChinese culture between 722 and 728 A.D., the Viets selectivelyadopted the Chinese way of life especially Buddhism, unlike theirJapanese counterparts.

Concisely,China’s culture had a tremendous influence on the agriculturalpopulations of Japan, Korea, and Vietnam during the first millenniumC.E. The elitist members of these three nations sought to activelyemulate Chinese models, for example bureaucratic organization,writing, Buddhism religion and art.


VonSivers, P.,Desnoyers,C.and George B. Stow. 2012.&nbspPatternsof world history,NewYork, OxfordUniversity Press,2012.

1 P, Von Sivers, C. Desnoyers, and B. George. Stow. 2012.&nbspPatterns of world history, New York, Oxford University Press, 2012.

2 Ibid

3 P, Von Sivers, C. Desnoyers, and B. George. Stow. 2012.&nbspPatterns of world history, New York, Oxford University Press, 2012.