International Relations Analysis
Theaim of the essay is to create a link between the two traditionsexisting between the rationalist-reflective and realistic liberaldebates by providing an argument derived from symbolic interactionistand structurationist sociology. This is done for the liberal claimthat international institutions can transform the interests andidentities of the state. In comparison to the economic theorydominant in the mainstream systematic international relationsscholarship, it involves sociological social psychological systematictheory in which the interests and identities are dependent variable.In this article, the themes of anarchy and power politics arepresented clearly.
Aspectsreflecting realist/liberal/constructive view
Realismis the view that the politics of the world is driven solely by selfinterests. Realist thus believes that the decisive dynamics amongstates is a power struggle in an attempt by each to improve orpreserve the security in the military and economic progress in thecompetition with other states. In addition, realists see the powerstruggle as a zero sum game. In other words, a gain for one countryis a loss for another(D`souza2010 p.52).
Liberal,on the other hand, contends that countries and people that representthem have the capacity cooperating and finding mutual interests toachieve them by working through international business and inaccordance to the international laws. Liberals reject the realists’projections that politics is inherently and exclusively a powerstruggle. Liberals add ideology, morality, cooperation habits,emotions and even altruism as aspects that impact the nationalleader’s behavior (Sorensen2006 p.260).
Constructivistviews the course of international relations and rejects the aspectsof liberalism and realism. They perceive it as a process in which thecommunication and the ideas among agents or social structuresincluding other aspects of international business(Howes& O`shea, 2014 p.7).
Themesreflecting the realist/liberal/constructive perspective
Classicaltheorist attributed power politics egoism to human nature whereas thestructural realists put more emphasis on anarchy. The differenceexists in the different interpretation of casual power of anarchy.This article is both vital for war, in Man, and the State anarchy isa condition for permissive cause of war. The argument states that thewar happens because nothing can be done in preventing it. It is thedomestic politics and the human nature of predator states.Nevertheless, that provides the efficient cause of conflict thatforces other countries to respond in such form. Walt is not whollyconsistent because he attaches without justifying from casual claimsthat stipulate that, in anarchy, war is always inherently feasiblefor the active casual claim that the war can occur at any moment.Despite conclusion from the third imagery theory, the efficient causethat initiates anarchic system are from the first and second image.The logic of anarchy involves the power politics and the self help asa necessary feature of the global politics. Anarchy may containfeatures that may influence competitive power politics (Adem2002 p.29).
Thearticle is not a representative of global politics. A fundamentalaspect of constructivist theory is that people act towards objectsincluding other acts on the basis of the meaning inherent thatobjects have towards them. The theories of international relationsare based on social theories and relationship that exists betweenprocess, agency, and social structure. Social theories are notdeterminants of international relations theorizing but rather,structure the questions that we pose toward world politics. Statesoften act differently towards the enemies than to the friends sincefriends are threatening. For instance, the distribution of power andanarchy are insufficient to tell which military power hassignificance for Canada than Cuba. Power distribution may affect thecalculation of the state but how it does is dependent on theinter-subjective comprehension and expectation on knowledgedistribution constituting the self and others.
Adem,S. 2002. Anarchy,Order and Power in World Politics: A Comparative Analysis. Aldershot,Hampshire, England, Ashgate. pp.28-30
D`souza,R., 2010 . Introduction to the Special Issue: Postcolonialism,Realism, and Critical Realism." Journal of Critical Realism.Journalof Critical Realism 9(3),pp.45-76
Howes,M. B. & O`shea, G. 2014. HumanMemory A Constructivist View.. N.p.:Academic Pr. pp.2-9
Sorensen,G. 2006. Liberalism of Restraint and Liberalism of Imposition:Liberal Values and World Order in the New Millennium. InternationalRelations 20(3),pp.251-72.