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Japanese Internment during World War II

JAPANESE INTERNMENT DURING WORLD WAR II 4

JapaneseInternment during World War II

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JapaneseInternment during World War II

Japanese internment in America occurred on February 19th1942 from an executive order by President Franklin Roosevelt(Faragher, Buhle, Czitrom &amp Armitage, 2009). The Presidentcommanded the secretary of war, Henry Stimson to move civilians ofJapanese origin into relocation camps (Faragher, Buhle, Czitrom, &ampArmitage, 2009). The military followed suit and by moving about110,000 Japanese-Americans into detention camps. The camps continuedto be in operation until 1946 when those in the camp began to showthat they do not support Japan in the war. They did this byparticipating in war effort. While defending the decision from theexecutive order of the president, the Supreme Court ruled that it wasconstitutional. The ruling stated that it was constitutional for thefederal government to protect America from any possible acts ofespionage (spying). The interest of the entire nation during the warsuperseded individual rights of Americans with Japanese roots. Thenation was still reeling from the shocks of Pearl Harbor andAmericans feared that another attack could take place especially onthe west coast. Most Americans believed that Japanese-Americans werestill loyal to Japan and could act as spies and pose a great dangerduring the war.

Thisaffected civil liberties in the United States. It was evident thatthe constitution could be interpreted to punish members of aparticular community based on mere suspicion rather than the realdanger they posed to the nation. The most surprising issue about theinternment process is the lack of material facts that revealed anyacts of spying by Japanese Americans. It was a violation of humanrights and a reinforcement of racial prejudice in America. It mustbe emphasized that the there already existed racial stereotypes andmisleading propaganda before the WWII about the Japanese (Ng, 2002).Propagandists depicted the Japanese people as inhuman and barbaric.Internment seemed to be a reaction to some most of the stereotypesand propaganda.

References

Faragher,J. M., Buhle, M. J., Czitrom, D., &amp Armitage, S. H. (2009). Outof many: A history of the American people, Volume II (5th ed.). UpperSaddle River, NJ: Prentice Hal

Ng,W. L. (2002). JapaneseAmerican internment during World War II: A history and referenceguide.Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press.