free essays
Free essays








10 min

Warming Up and quick introduction presentation

To give an idea of what simple tense “I” is used.

To give students idea of he/she presentation of simple present tense.

To enhance students attention

To enhance familiarity of the students use of simple present tense

  1. Simple present tense is illustrated in a word by using “I” e.g. I sweep the class everyday.

  1. Simple tense use of He or she is presented. E.g. He sweeps the class everyday.

  2. A clear difference of the two is presented by the teacher.

  1. Response of the students is welcomed. Preferably chorus answers.

  1. More examples are welcomed.

The teacher illustrates


Student and teacher

Student and teacher

15 min


To ensure that the lesson is fun.

To enhance what has already been taught and enhance memorization.

Enhance class participation in doing the activity illustration

  1. Teacher provides an illustration about an activity like what he/she does everyday.

  1. One student is requested to pick a card on the table and act out the action indicated in the card. Example ‘reading the newspaper’

  1. Students are required to repeat what the particular requested student does everyday. I.e. He reads the wakes up early everyday

Students and teacher

Student and Teacher

Students making chorus

10 min

Consolidation of what has been taught

To help students digest what had been taught before

  1. Teacher gives clear instructions about the activity.

  1. Teacher gives the ball to one of the students and then plays the music and when the music stops, the student who holds the ball is expected to stand up and tell the whole class what he or she does every day, say, “I sweep the floor every day.”

  2. The rest of the students repeat the same.

Student and teacher

5 min


To enhance clarity on the part of the students

  1. The teacher explains some specific errors and a quick conclusion

5 min


To assist students to complete homework that seems difficult to handle.

  1. Teacher gives homework and doing some questions


Targetstudents: Age 14-16 years old.

Number of students: 20

Time: 45 minutes

Topic: Appropriate use of simplepresent tense using common verbs

In the contextof intermediate level students should be able to understand Englishgrammar integrative skills majorly tenses. Core major focus is ongrammar adjectives and functions. It is important for students learnthese specific aspects of English learning and study in theintermediate level.

Lesson aims:

The lessonaims is to ensure that students understand that present simple tenseused to describe daily activities, routines, habits and generaltruths. Students can also use the simple tense correctly.

What do the learners knowalready?

The studentsalready know and have an overview present simple. Students have priorknowledge on some simple actions such as doing homework, waking upearly and how long a person has been doing a particular action oractivity.

Anticipated Problems &ampProblem Solving:

The problemthat students will face is to understand that present simple tensefocusing on shorter time lengths. This will be solved by giving asmany examples using common verbs when illustrating the use presentsimple tenses (Panter 2009).Students may also encounter problems in adding “s” or “es” toverbs when using third personal single pronouns “he”, “it” or“she”.

Materials&amp resources:

White board,power point slides and long man work book.


It is notablethat in most cases students fails to use appropriately present simpletense while describing actions using verbs. Thelesson will employ imaginary common verbs and duration of thespecific activities that students will be told to give as examples.More time will be allocated to practice stage because after theintroduction warm up of the topic students are attentive and eager tounderstand and participate thus facilitating learning(Redmond 2010).

Consolidation stage has beenallocated a good timing so that what the students has learned andknown can be used with minimum difficulty. The conclusion remarkswill summarize what has been learned from the beginning of the lessonand give a direction and a hint of what shall be learned in the nextlesson.

Finallygiving out homework is vital so that students can work out what hasbeen learned but before that the teacher will work out a number ofexamples. Upon the collection and marking of the homework and if thestudents have performed well then the lesson will have achieved itsmain objectives regarding appropriate use of present simple tense(Redmond 2010).


WesternIllinois University. (2010). Lessonplans using audio-visual materials in teaching on three grade levels:primary, intermediate, junior-senior high school.Pennsylvania : Pennsylvania State University.

GünterGerngross, H. P. (2007). TeachingGrammar Creatively with CD-ROM/Audio CD.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kevin Redmond,A. F. (2010). Quality Lesson Plans forOutdoor Education. Boston: HumanKinetics.

Panter, G.(2009). 85 ESL Grammar Lesson Plans.New York: AuthorHouse.

Pasquarelli,S. L. (2006). Teaching Writing GenresAcross the Curriculum: Strategies for Middle School Teachers.New York: IAP.