is one of the most dynamic fields that encompass arts and sciences.In addition, music has undergone through multiple evolutions, withnew genres being invented across the world. The dynamism of music hasled to its acceptability as an art and science since it correlateswith many professions, occasions and beliefs. The relevance of musicin everyday activities surpasses other disciplines, which are limitedto their own frameworks. By the start of the twentieth century, thepopularity of music and its components had grown to influencedevelopments of other fields, for example, literature and drama. Thefollowing paper evaluates the correlation between music andmechanical engineering through consideration of music terms,performances, parameters and issues surrounding its propagation.
Oneof the common similarities between music and mechanical engineeringis tuning. has been using a well-tempered scale for over thelast four hundred years. The popularity of the well-tempered scale isinfluenced by the presence of a series of overtones that are foundedon the Pythagorean theorems. For every pitch, there are a standardnumber of oscillations per unit time. The octave is characterized bytwice as much oscillation per second. As every bit of the seriesvibrates, sound is produced. Increase in the intensity of soundcauses an increase in vibrations and may lead to collapse of theholding materials. For example, if a tuning fork is placed on atimber and another tuning fork struck on the same surface and thensilenced, the untapped fork will experience some vibrations. Theseare known as sympathetic vibrations or resonance.
Thesame concept is applicable in mechanical engineering at which somesympathetic vibrations can be used to create massive tremors to thepoint of destruction. Resonance is the aspect of transferringvibration energies from one material to another. If a building isstruck using a huge block, the vibrations are transferred across allother building materials, causing multiple vibrations and eventualcollapse of the building. The vibrations caused through this processproduce low frequency, but high volume sound waves that generateresonance frequencies leading to accumulation of energy and eventualcollapse of building. The concept is applicable in building andconstruction, and testing of strength of structures.
Therhythms and tempos in music represent the aspect of music’smovement through time. Rhythm is a measure of coordination acrossperformers and instruments. Tempo is the fastness or slowness ofmusical beats. High tempo deals with fast beats in a bar. Inaddition, the tempos are also very crucial among performers sincethey determine the rate of inhalation and exhalation to avoid goingoff-peak and losing breath. It is also meant to facilitate regulationof moves and rests. In mechanical engineering, simple rhythms can bedemonstrated by a simple pendulum. In simple pendulum, the rate ofmovement from rest to maximum, back to rest and later to the maximumoscillation determines the rhythm of the music. In addition, thetempo is the frequency of movement from rest to the maximumdisplacement and back.
Temposand rhythms are characterized by modules of stress and can be used totest the stability of structures by detecting regular sounds. Ifirregular sounds are detected during assessments of structures, thenweaknesses are detected. Similarly, harmonics are very popular inmusic. When we speak of harmonics, one of the considerations is theessence of notes and frequency. In music, harmonics are identifiedaccording to the length of vibrations. The first harmonics is foundedon the ability to generate a full cycle or vibration along the wholelength of a beat. In engineering, instead, the main agenda is toensure that frequencies vibrate along their source of energy as wellas within the amplitudes and velocities. When a string is plucked inmusic, it vibrates to produce the required note or sound. This soundis characterized by specific frequency, which is associated withspeed and amplitude, which is associated with pitch. When a note isstruck in music, the highness or lowness of its pitch is influencedby the frequency and amplitude of vibration. Low-pitched sounds havevery large amplitude.
Inmechanical engineering, structures require proper support tostrengthen structures. Harmony is therefore relevant in building andconstruction since it enhances stability. The arrangement ofstructures from the ground to the top requires appropriate harmony.In arches and buttresses, arrangement of structures must start withthe strongest beams, and gradually proceed to smaller ones. Largebeams are meant to offer stable foundation for the other structuresand hence the need for harmony in construction.
Duringperformances, musicians are sometimes overstressed due to overworkingand lack of appropriate rest. In addition, stress occurs whenmusicians fail to follow appropriate coordination and observe pauses,rhythms and tempos. When musicians become stressed, they start tounderperform and they may affect their voices and sounds. Similarly,stress and strain are very common in mechanical engineering.
Structuresalso experience elastic stress and elastic strain. These are causedby accumulated tensions and are very significant when building trussand other support structures. In engineering, velocity of vibrationis comparable to pitch in music. When a wire or any material vibratesin engineering, it produces waves. These waves can be eitherlongitudinal or transverse. In transverse waves, the direction of awave is perpendicular to its displacement. Consequently, parallelmovement of a waves’ displacement with its direction characterizeslongitudinal waves. When low notes are played in music, they producevery higher amplitudes to high notes. The high amplitude slows thedisplacement per unit time, in this case, velocity and the frequencyis usually distorted and slows, leading to low-pitched sound.
Dancesand musical accompaniments must follow special movement patterns. Forexample, pop music movements differ from rock. In addition, hip-hopmovements are distinct from classics’ moves. The uniqueness ofthese movements characterizes each genre of music and has to beperformed in-phase. Every dancer must move in a systematic manner forthe music to have flow and rhythm. In classics, for example, themovements are mainly slow and coordinated. However, random,uncoordinated movements, in most cases haphazard, characterizehip-hop. The uniqueness in these musical movements is comparable tokinematics in mechanical engineering.
Kinematicsis the study of force in motion. It is characterized by assessment ofpoint-to-point movement with minimal consideration of the causes ofmotion. Kinematics is the study of motion geometry. It focuses on theactual movements in order to maintain rhythm and coordination. Dancesare comparable to kinematics in the study of motion of systems,engines and other jointed parts. Without proper coordination ofmovements, objects become weak and fragile. This means that theuniqueness of each dancing style influences the design andimprovement of joints and motions of systems.
Kinematicsis also comparable to rhythms and tempos. The faster the tempo is,the faster the movement of systems. In addition, tempo must functionconsistently with the rhythm to avoid distorting the song. This meansthat, just as kinematics concentrates on the stability of systems inmotion, rhythm and tempo focuses on the stability of music duringperformances. Rhythm is a measure of coordination across performersand instruments. Rhythm is comparable to movement of systems in threedimensions. It identifies a system’s position, velocity andacceleration in a given time
Thethree-dimension principle in kinematics ensures that bodies’conditions are known even when travelling through systems. A vehiclein motion should detect faults in its engine by identifying when theproblem was detected, the velocity of the car at the time and theacceleration. This information helps in streamlining measures ofrepair and maintenance.
Tempois the fastness or slowness of musical beats. High tempo deals withfast beats in a bar. In addition, the tempos are also very crucialamong performers since they determine the rate of inhalation andexhalation to avoid going off-peak and losing breath. It is alsomeant to facilitate regulation of moves and rests. Tempos haveconstraints. For example, malfunctioning instruments, stressedsoloist and uncoordinated performance can slow tempo of a song. Theseare musical constraints.
Similarly,mechanical engineering has kinematic constraints that may arise andaffect velocity and acceleration of systems. Some of theseconstraints include hinges and joints. In addition, constraints mayarise by being applied directly to the velocity. They may includefrictions and other non-holonomic constraints. Through theseparameters, music feels more like an engineering art.