Name Ada Jennings
Name : Ada JenningsProfessor : DianaAllenCourse : EBS-012-602
AConcerted Effort for the Environment
Environmentis a term one hears every day. The word has become a very common inthat it has been considered relevant to almost all fields of studiesincluding anthropology, biology, psychology, and even in economics.The enumeration is not limited to the fields mentioned but covers aneven more wide range of subjects.
Theorigin of the word environment comes from “environ,” a Frenchword which literally means encircle. The word environment “is avery broad concept and involves everything that affects an organismduring its lifetime” [CITATION BSC08 p 1 l 1033 ].From this definition, one can simply define environment as a person’ssurroundings.
Thegeneral definition of environment, according to the Merriam-WebsterOnline Dictionary is “the conditions that surround someone orsomething: the conditions and influences that affect the growth,health, progress, etc., of someone or something.” Due to very broadusage of the term, it is necessary to define the environment in thecontext of each applicable subject that might be used as a referencein coming up with a well-rounded concept of the term.
Humanbeings define the world because they are capable of sensing it,meaning, they are able to see, feel, hear, smell or even taste theenvironment around them. Human beings co-exist with his surroundings.In the beginning, man was controlled by his environment but whenhuman beings started to grow food for consumption, mankind took “agreat step forward” [CITATION Gou07 p 19 l 1033 ].Before, man was totally dependent of the things that the environmentproduce without any humanintervention but in the modern world, we learn that man has alreadytaken control of the environment in a way that people had become themasters of every other living thing.
Environmentalstudies are particularly important in social studies, particularly insociology. This is because man cannot possibly live without theenvironment and relationship with the environment therefore bearssome significance in the way human carry out their relationships. Atfirst impression, the relationship between sociology andenvironmental studies may appear to be unclear because sociologydeals with social relations and human society while environmentalstudies deal with the opposite: the study of things that are nothuman [CITATION Eri03 p 14 l 1033 ].The close relationship of the two aspects is evidenced by thefounding of a branchof science called environmental sociology. The core of the saidsubject is the treatment of environmental problems as social problemsbecause the said problems have roots in “human decision-making andsocial structure”[CITATION Les09 p 4 l 1033 ].
Othersocial sciences like anthropology also gives importance to the topicof environment, specifically in a subject called cultural ecology.Referring to the topic of cultural ecology, Steward identifiedenvironment as an important factor in determining origin and use oftechnologies by different groups of people, which in turn givesimportant information on the types of social arrangements in the saidcommunity (6).
Asidefrom social science. Another major field of study where environmentfinds an important place is biology, together with related healthsciences. In environmental biology, the environment is made up of acollection of living and non-living things around a particularsubject, often referred to as ecosystem. In an ecosystem, humanbeings mostly occupy the central spot as they possess dominance interms of population number and intelligence. Sadly, the study ofenvironment in the point of view of biological sciences will lead oneto the unavoidable topic of environmental problems brought about bythe abuse of people in their environment which are attributed to thedamage done by people in polluting, degrading and endangering it [CITATION Kat06 p 12 l 1033 ].Studyingabout the environment in useful in determining the direction wherehuman technologies are going at.
Healthscience professionals, who likewise study the environment of thecontext of biological sciences regard ecology as a key inunderstanding the causes, effects and treatment of diseases and otherhealth conditions. According to D. W. Moeller, several aspects of thewell-being of humans “are influenced by the environment, and manydiseases can be initiated, promoted, sustained, or stimulated byenvironmental factors. For this reason, the interactions of peoplewith their environment are an important component of public health”(1).
Whilethe subject of environment proves to be an important aspect ofapplied sciences, it is likewise important in economics. Sinceeconomics deal with resource management, the topic of environmentbears significance because resources are essentially contained in theenvironment [CITATION Ste11 p 3 l 1033 ].Sinceresources from the environment are limited, the purpose ofenvironmental economics is the maintenance of a sustainableenvironment while fostering economic growth [CITATION Que08 p 456 l 1033 ].
Althoughthe science of education seems to be remotely classified from theprevious subjects, the topic of environment still finds relevance inthis field of study. Education or the art of learning uses much ofthe concept of environment in the development of theories that dealon determining the impact of and strategies involved in effectivepractice of education [CITATION Joh09 p 11 l 1033 ].The surroundings which encircle a person contributes much to thelearning experience, therefore teachers must necessarily take intoconsideration environmental factors thatcan affect the learning experience of students. For example, inscience education, exposing children and learners to laboratoryenvironments help in promoting “understanding of scientificconcepts and problem solving” as well as in helping foster positiveattitudes towards science” [CITATION SOz08 p 112-113 l 1033 ].What education could therefore contribute in solving environmentalissues is to make students or learners become more aware of theenvironment so that they, in turn, could play their part in bringingsolution to the issues, on their own little ways. Educators cancreate the spark of love to the environment which will become a flameof love that will translate to actions towards solving environmentalissues.
Inall the subjects mentioned above and in other subjects whereenvironment may be relevant, the subjects on environmental problemsare always mentioned. An enumeration of all environmental problemswill not be the subject of this paper. It is worth mentioning,however a common attribute of environmental problems that affect allthe activities of human beings can be attributed to the lack of senseof responsibility in utilizing resources [CITATION Fra04 p 113 l 1033 ].Atpresent, we can readily observe that scarcity in resources has beenlinked to various problems in the economy, health and even education.
Atpresent, different measures to solve environmental problems is amajor concern for all fields of science because the problem wouldlikely affect not just the present generations but all futuregenerations as well [CITATION GMi08 p 4-5 l 1033 ].Another reason for such concerted effort is that the solutions thatshould planned and carried out should not just be soundfor the current time or for a short period of time but for a muchlonger time period. In order to do such there must be concreteactions from all the different stakeholders of the environment –who is basically everybody, not just the environmentalists but alsoof the economists, mathematicians, chemists, the laymen, etc.. Today,efforts to solve environmental issues include moves to eradicateoverspending of resources, elimination of gas emission, recycling andmany others. National governments had also integrated environmentalawareness in almost all aspects of policies and laws in order toraise awareness on the need to protect the environment.
Inconclusion, the environment is a topic widely discussed among fieldsof learning which exposes it to a lot of risks that come with humanactivities. In the same wise, the necessary efforts to protect theenvironment are now being undertaken by the said various fields ofstudies. As science and education progresses, environmental awarenessshould also follow. It should also be acknowledge that in order tofully protect the environment from the adverse effect of humanactivities, there must be a concerted effort among the many differentexperts and people from the diverse fields of studies. What thismeans that protecting the environment as its economics, social, andother scientific fields of studies’ perspectives – no one fieldof study can solve the problems that humanity are facing in trying tokeep the environment to its best state as possible.
Chauhan, B. S. Environmental Studies. New Delhi: University Science Press, 2008. Print.
Cudworth, Erika. Environment and Society. London: Routledge, 2003. Print.
Falk, John H., Joe E. Heimlich and Susan Foutz. Free-Choice Learning and the Environment. Plymouth: Rowman Altamira, 2009. Print.
Grafton, Quentin, et al. The Economics of the Environment and Natural Resources. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. , 2008. Print.
Hackett, Steven C. Environmental and Natural Resources Economics: Theory, Policy, and the Sustainable Society. New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 2011. Print.
Harris, Frances. Global Environmental Issues. West Sussex, England: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 2004. Print.
Hilgenkam, Kathryn. Environmental Health: Ecological Perspectives. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 2006. Print.
King, Leslie and Deborah McCarthy. Environmental Sociology: From Analysis to Action. Plymouth, U.K: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc. , 2009. Print.
Moelle, D. W. Environmental Health, Third Edition. New York: Harvard University Press, 2005. Print.
Ozkan, S., J. Cakiroglu and C. Tekkaya. "Science Laboratory Learning Environment." Sunal, Dennis W., Emmett Wright and Cheryl Sundberg. The Impact of the Laboratory and Technology on Learning and Teaching Science K-16. Alabama: IAP-Information Age Publishing, 2008. 111-134. Print.
Steward, Julian. "The Concept and Method of Cultural Ecology." Nora Haenn, Richard R. Wilk. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology, Culture, and Sustanable Living. New York: New York University Press, 2006. 5-9. Print.
Suresh, Gouri. Environmental Studies and Ethics. New Delhi: I. K. International Publishing House, Pvt., Ltd., 2007. Print.