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Name; Course;

Tibet.

Name

Course

professor

Date

Introduction.

Tibet`sinvasion by the Chinese People`s liberation Army in 1951 has been metby different

reactionsfrom different individuals and countries worldwide. It is the aim ofthis essay to potray

thereasons, dilemas and offer recommendations to this turmoil that iscurrently on-going and has

beenon-going for a long period of time with the hope of making thesituation better if not ending

it.

Background.

WhenTibet obtained its defacto independence,both its political and socio-economic systems

resembledMedieval Europe, however, all attempts by the 13th Dalai Lama tomodernise and

enlargethe Tibetian army from then up to 1933 were opposed greatly bympowerful monks and

aristocratshence failed. It was also diplomatically isolated from theinternational republic which

didnot help its case (Thomas, 2006).

In1949, in an attempt to remain independent, Tibet expelled the Chinesedelegation and then

laterthat year sent letters to US State department, Mao Zedong and GreatBritain which stated

thatit was ready to defend itself from the PRC troops &quotby allpossible means.&quot Tibet`s army was

inno condition ready to defend itself and after failed negotiations,the PRC invaded and took

controlof Tibet ( McCarthy 2006).

Tibetis located in the center of the Asia hence making it have aconsiderable geosstrategic

positionfrom demography,economical geography and a physical point ofview.Also, Tibet`s rich

subsoil ethnic aspects and geopolitical nature pushed China to annexit.It was during the time of

thechinese revolution in 1912 that Tibet proclaimed its independencewhen it was bought from

Englandby China for 2 million rupees. This is believed to be partly thereason China eventually

invadedin 1950. In addition, since the 13th century China has always claimedTibet as part of its

territory(Thomas,2006).

TheSoviet Union alliance with the Popular republic of China in thebeginning of the 50`s gave

Chinamore reason and grounds to annex Tibet in to its territory. Inaddition, when the Tibet`s

NationalAssembly wrote to the O.N.U, there were no responses to stop theChinese invasion in

toTibet. In short, countries remaining deaf to Tibet`s calls made iteasy for the invasion

Problemsand Dillemas.

Thekillings of various individuals over the years, many includedTibetian commandos and CIA

agentssignaled the beginning of Chinese aparthy (Penny, 2002). There wereguerrilla ambushes

againstthe PRC which were all suppressed, a short war with India but themost significant the

expileofp the Dalai Lama who was followed by hundreds and later thousandsof Tibetians

(Sterling,2004).

.

Recommendations.

TheChinese government should consolidate all of Tibet by reducing thepolitical struggles

amongall the ethnic communities : Tibetians, Mongols, Manchus amongothers. Chinese

foreignpolicy towards Tibet`s Independence should change to allow them betotally independent

ofChina who should help Tibet modernise and grow their economy anddevelopment. The

internationalcommunity should also consolidate funds for Tibet

Conclusion.

AlthoughChina`s invasion has generated negative effects, there are alsopositive outcomes that

havecome from their invasion which should not be over looked.

Workscited.

Penny,B. (2002) . Religion and Biography in China in China and Tibet. 11,7-10.

MelvynC. Goldstein, A History of Modern Tibet, 1913-1951: The Demise of theLamaist State

pp.401-402

Sperling,E. The Tibet-China Conflict: History and Polemics. – Policy Studies7, 2004, p. 34.

&quotTIBET:UN TO VOTE ON RIGHTS ABUSES IN TIBET – EUROPEANS TABLE CENSURE

MOTIONUS POSITION SEEN AS KEY&quot. International Commission of Jurists.26 February

1992.Retrieved 23 July 2012.

RobertBarnett in Steve Lehman, The Tibetans: Struggle to Survive, UmbrageEditions, New

York,1998. pdf p.12

Laird,Thomas. (2006). The Story of Tibet: Conversations with the DalaiLama, pp. 170-174.

GrovePress, New York. ISBN 978-0-8021-1827-1.

RogerE. McCarthy (1997). Tears of the lotus: accounts of Tibetanresistance to the Chinese

invasion,1950-1962. McFarland. p. 12. ISBN 0-7864-0331-4. Retrieved2010-07-17.

DianaLary (1974). Region and nation: the Kwangsi clique in Chinesepolitics, 1925-1937. Cambridge University Press. p. 124. ISBN0-521-20204-3

Shakabpa,Tsepon W. D. &quotTibet: A Political History, Yale University Press,1967. p246-248

Shakya,Ts. 1999. The Dragon in the Land of Snows. A History of Modern TibetSince 1947. London: Pimlico, p. 306