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Normal/Abnormal Bodies



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AliceDomurat Dreger Article

Thekey idea of this article is to unpack medical displays and theirimplications for individuals born with what becomes labeled as birthdefects. According to the author, she wanted to see whether peoplesee intersexed individuals the way medical books depict them.However, the author noted that even with the blurred parts andblackened eyes, it was exceedingly hard to hide herself from thosewho knew her.

Theauthor tries to frame her analysis through comparison since she isnormal, she tries to understand the differences of other individualsthrough comparing herself with others. On the other hand, the authorsupports her claim through herself participating in the findings. Infact, since she is the only one normal in their family, she becomesattracted to participate in the intersex topic. One of theassumptions that inform the author’s claim entails, where theauthor assumes the position taken by the intersex individuals. Theassumption is problematic since the author is not capable of usingthe photo since she feels that despite the blurred image, anyone whoknows her will automatically recognize her. So, she is not capable ofholding the position.

Theauthor uses anecdotes in her writing for example, she asserts that,she woke up suddenly from a frightening and yet a laughable dream inwhich she could not breath because someone was sitting on her nakedchest. The effect of such is to capture the attention of the reader.Some anecdotes function polemically, but they appear objective. Thismakes the evaluation of the argument to be taken seriously.

Theauthor sticks to the position that individuals that are not normalshould not have their health problems used for study. This has animplication of cautioning medical textbooks in using theseindividuals as study objects. A strength of the argument is that itis likely to stop medical books fro using photos of abnormal peopleas study objects. This will make abnormal individuals feel that theyare not subjects of study just like normal individuals. However, aweakness of the argument is that it may make individuals avoid goingfor treatments since they feel that they may be used as objects ofstudy. It is feasible to accept some of the claims made by the authorsince some of them happen in individuals’ daily lives.

EvaFeder Kittay Article

Thekey idea presented by this author is that if special relationshipamid mother and child needs moral recognition, then the associationin the case of a child that suffers from lack of normal capacities isindistinguishable from any child-mother relationship. Thus, the moralpersonhood of even the seriously cognitively disabled should begranted. In framing her analysis, the uses different concepts such asmotherhood and personhood.

Theauthor supports her claim through philosophical explanations. Forinstance, she uses a Washington Post that indicates that, one thing achild does is making a philosopher from a parent. The author usesexamples, in her writing for example, she uses herself as an exampleto indicate experiences of a mother raising a child with cognitivedisability. Such an example help the reader to have a clearunderstanding of how it feels as a parent raising such a child. Onthe other hand, there is a philosophical assumption concerning theview of cognitively disabled individuals. The assumptions areproblematic since they go beyond philosophy.

Theposition taken by the author has an implication in that mothers canstart extending care to their cognitively incapacitated children. Astrength of this argument is that there is likely to an extendedrelationship amid mother-child for the cognitively deficient kids. Aweakness is that some mothers may not feel fully compelled to takecare of their cognitively disabled children. On the other hand, it isfeasible to accept some of the claims made by the author since someclaims are evident in daily lives.