free essays

Part one


of Articles on social and economic setting

OnApril 4 2014, the Pakistan Supreme Court restored the nationalmembership of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, and made a request toChief Justice to make decision on extent and scope of suo motojurisdiction. The leader of PTI had defeated Chaudhry Nisar Ali, theinterior minister during last year general elections. However, threemembers of Supreme Court lead by former Chief Justice postponed hismembership on August 2013 because of accusation of holding fakedegree. Interim order was made following hearings of petitionsconcerning fake degrees that some parliamentarians hold. Nevertheless, the interim order was conditional to Lahore High Courtdecision on verification of the leader academic qualification. OnDecember 2013, the Lahore High Court declared that the GhulamSarwar’s academic degree was legal.

TerenceJ Sigamony. SC restores PTI leader as MNA. TheNation newspapers.April 04, 2014.

OnApril 10, 2014, Zahir Khan the family bread earner went to vegetableand fruit market, without knowing that he would not return home, ashe became one of the victims of Islamabad fruit market blast. Hisfamily together with his parents as well as his five brothers hadjust migrated from the war-ravaged Afghanistan and settled in rentalhouse near Fauji Colony. Ubaid Ullah the brother to Zahir claimedthat terrorists have shed blood of their father-like brother inbombing. Zahir little children were unaware of their father death.Zahir’s family experienced many troubles when receiving his deadbody from hospital administration because law enforcement agencieshad begun interrogating the family. The miseries of ill-fated familyextended fur as district government and hospital administrationrefused to offer ambulance to the family. After sometime, anambulance was offered to the family. Besides Zahir’s death, twomore victims were announced died upon arrival at hospital and fourwere critically injured.

IsrarAhmad. Moving scenes at hospitals. TheNation newspapers.April 10, 2014.


OnApril 11, 2014, Khwaja Saad Raffique the federal minister said thathe stand by his words against former dictator General PervezMusharraf, after ignoring tension between government and strictorders from Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. While speaking to mediapersons Saad said that he would not take back his words againstformer dictator come what. Saad said that he has always stood againstdictatorship. Saad argued that he was put behind gallows during theregime of General Zia for opposing General Zia. He never accepteddictatorship and claimed that Mush was traitor as well as issuingstatements against him. However, firebrand federal minister kept hislips closed over Corps Commanders’ gathering, as well as PakistanArmy’s apprehensions concerning Khwajas statement against PervezMusharraf the former Army Chief. Saad said that new coaches wereraised to collaboration with China, and that the passengers wouldremain secured if the terrorists were not targeting them.

IsrarAhmad. I stand by my words against Mush: Saad. TheNation newspapers. April 11, 2014.

Thenew governor Khyber Pakhtunkhwa faces some major challenges inprovince and tribal areas even though his name is great, and he hashuge experience in the national politics. First, one is restorationof peace, while the second is running of provincial affairs smoothly.The ruling PTI is considered the political rival of PML-N and opposeKhyber Pakhtunkhwa leaderships. Largely, the Sardar Mehtab’s partyN-League that now governs in the centre and PTI in province haveagreeded in terms of peace talks with Taliban. Therefore, thegovernor may play effective role in peace negotiations. MaulanaSamiul Harq who is chief of his fiction, and leader of Taliban peacecommittee attended oath-taking ceremony of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It isevident that by becoming administrative center of FATA, governor cannow participate in peace-making efforts as board member. In case thenew governor decides to take one-step ahead, he may use energies ofthe tribal elders during peace process.

SaidAlam Khan. Major challenges await new KP governor. The Nationnewspapers. April 17, 2014. Print.

Pakistaninegotiators met the Taliban commanders for the first time in a secretplace for talks aimed at ending conflict that has a result to deathof tens of thousands. This one-on-one meeting was latest effort bythe Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, to persuade militants to a long-termceasefire. The officials from three state and former ambassador flewwith a helicopter from city of Peshawar to the town of Miranshah.From there, they went to a place where they met with members ofPakistan Taliban’s shura. Main agenda of the meeting was notpublicized, although it is understood that the government team aim atsecuring three-month ceasefire, as well as freeing of the prisonersbefore further discussion. In recent times, Taliban commanders havedemanded the release of relatives claimed to be held by state, andthey have call for an imposition of the Islamic law in entirecountry.

RobCrilly. Pakistan officials open first direct talks with the Taliban.TheNation newspapers. March 28, 2014

Reporton Global Employment Trends issued by International LaborOrganization projected that the Pakistan’s unemployment rate wouldincrease by 5.17 percent in last year. In this year, the organizationclaims that the unemployment rate is likely to increase by 5.29percent. A separate report by International Labor Organizationindicates that Pakistan is among the countries that labor quality andmarket situation improved. Pakistan is among the countries inlower-middle-economies category, with about 55 percent of populationearning below $2, while 43 percent earns between $3 and $6, otherearns between $7 and $20 daily. The future of Pakistan relies partlyon the overall scenario in South Asia, where due to global slowdownjobs creation is expected to be hard in this year.

Sidiki,Ali. Unemployment in Pakistan set to increase in 2014: ILO report. TheNation newspapers. January 22, 2014. Print.



Diversityand globalization

Workforcehas diversified at areas of business in the entire world and Pakistanbecause of globalization, multi-generation, multi-cultures, andemerging minorities. Management of the workforce involves dealingwith a diversified workforce. Because of diversified workforcedifferences such as culture, age, disabilities, religion, gender, andrace has emerged in Pakistan’s organizations. Due to globalization,individuals from different cities and nations with different culture,religion, and race has joint together and created differences amongworkers in terms of norms, ways of thinking, religion, and values.Women and minorities are emerging in areas of work since they haverealized that this is the only way of improving themselves. Women areparticipating in the workforce in Pakistan due to worsening economicconditions and increased inflation. This has redesigned workforce inPakistan where traditional ways of designing work was used and therewas no different workforce (Alkinza 17).

Multi-generationsin Pakistan has led to workforce diversity. Currently, elderly peoplewant to work even after retirement due to economic problems inPakistan and increased inflation. This builds a blend of youth andelderly people in the workplace. The two groups have differentvalues, goals, experiences, and needs, which creates the conflict ofinterest at workplace. Because of globalization multi-generation,high number of minorities, as well as multi-culture is being witnessin workforce. Pakistan has different cultures in all its fiveprovinces that diversify a workforce, and the workforce has evenbecome more diverse because of foreign people joining it. Due todifferent cultures human behavior have been impacted. When peoplefrom different backgrounds meet at workplace, they create a differentculture, and they usually have different behaviors and values. In asituation like this one, human resource managers are required to getknowledge on how to manage a diverse workforce. Multi-culturesreflect various ethics, values, as well as performance amongemployees at workplace. All these factors have led to a diverseworkforce in Pakistan (Alkinza 18).

Thefocus of human managers currently at workplace is to managediversification of the workforce, as well as safe interest ofemployees without discrimination. Several researchers have arguedthat the major dimensions of Muhammad Ali vision can assist Pakistancompanies to handle diversity at workplace. First, democratizationcan help through ensuring that all groups of workers participate inorganization activities. Second, the egalitarian version of Islamthat is considered consistent with the social justice as well asequal opportunity can help companies. Third dimension isimplementation of firm rule of law without room for discriminationand favoritism. Finally, the fourth dimension entails creation ofspecial protective measures for women, minorities, as well as otherdisadvantaged groups. All of the four dimensions are inclined towardsthe social case of the diversity management. Diversity at workplacecan be managed through practicing collectivism by establishing goodorganizational culture (Alkinza 19).


AlkinzaMansoor. Managing workforce diversity in Pakistan. PakistaniNewspapers Published in English.April 5, 2014