Part I: The Cosmological and Ontological Arguments1. What is the cosmological argument? How is it related to an idea of Aristotleâs? And what are some typical weaknesses of the argument?
-cosmological and ontological arguments point out views over the possible existence of God or as they call him the supreme being .The arguments point out the possibility of the existence of the first cause. The arguments believe there is continuity in the existence of the power that controls the universe. The cosmological argument is closely related to the Aristotle argument such that they are more similarities between them. Some of the typical weakness of the argument is that for one it is more Christian based, and another is that it does not seem to accommodate modern views resulted to the argument. The possibility of God being there then the universe s also infinite .Thus is too overwhelming to some people, but still those who accept that God exists then according to them it remains true that God exists.
The fact that others believe that there is God in this universe those who do not believe have the right of not believing without being forced. God is a unavoidable fact to many people who know why they believe ,and worship this one God, but others have chosen not to believe the existence of God, which for real is their stand .Philosophers enjoy knowledge more than where there is no or poor knowledge, here is where they get filled to the utmost. That others believe God is there, and others believe God is not there, it is a very interesting area to philosophers.Part II: The Teleological Argument and Pascalâs Wager4. What is Pascalâs wager? Explain the argument, and be sure to distinguish it from proofs of Godâs existence. Also, what are some typical weaknesses of the argument?
-Wager’s argument is more based on atheists views on God It points out that man is just there, and that he can even live infinitely not believing or just believing about the existence of God. This argument pointed more on what is called probability theory, and also gave room for the coming philosophies like voluntarism, existentialism, as well as pragmatism .If for sure God is to exist then Wager argues that there should be no evil, in this universe. Evil is what looks like a major issue of making most people not believing in the existence of the supreme being. God is known to be powerful, but then the existence of evil seems to weaken everything. The possibility of an infinite God also seems to be a major challenge here, where God has infinite powers .Wager seems too long for a more free and powerful human being who needs no assistance or help .This is more like heaven on earth .Some of the weaknesses in the argument show that it s not easy to defend the propositions contained in the argument. Another weakness comes out where there are more proofs to believe God exist than thee are points and views to believe that God does not exist.Part III: Evil and Atheism5. What is the problem of evil? What are the different types of evil, and why do they present a problem for theism, as theism is traditionally conceived? And what is the traditional response to the problem?-the problem of evil is mainly that it exists in the very universe of God who detests it. The problem of evil also points out that evil is perpetuated, and brought about by some powers less than God. If this being the case, then why should the good God allow it to exist in his world and among his people. There are some evils that can be forgiven, and others that cannot be forgiven. From this background, the problem of theism tend to come out naturally .The traditional response to the problem of theism has bought about issues among human beings ,to some extent others not believing in the existence of the supreme being. And others come out strongly believing in the existence of one true and mighty God.
Evil is evil, there is no way it can be said that evil is not evil. Although Christians and those who believe in God have every reason of detesting this evil, it remains just evil no matter what. The extent of atheism shows that there are those who do not believe in the existence of God, to them the problem of evil is not there .God may be a fact to some people but atheists tend to dispute the existence of God. According to atheist God does not in any way exist.6. Pick Nietzsche. What does he think is the origin of religion? What does he think are the effects of religion now? And what does he think should be done about religion now?
-Nietzsche sees religion as way of showing pity to people. According to him, religion is just there to give man more powers. He sees morality as being more a way of strengthening and empowering people, he does not look at it on the side of gentleness and humility. So Nietzsche sees religion as just being there to help the helpless man, this results in more help coming from region to man. According to him, he detests the idea of being controlled, at the expense of once freedom. He prefers man being let alone to live his own life.Part IV: Your View of Religion7. Does God exist? Why or why not? If you believe that God exists, is this belief rational, and does it amount to knowledge? Again, why or why not? If you believe that God does not exist, where do you think belief in God comes from, and what can or should be done about it? And why?
-For sure by all ways possible God exists. There is every evidence about the existence of God in the universe, although to some extent there is a possibility of it being argued that God does not exist because even the benefit of doubt must b there in order for man to have real freedom of choice. The belief that God exists is obviously rational, and it amounts to true knowledge of the universe. The true knowledge of the existence of God is in such books like the bible, Koran, among others. The belief about God is just natural and it just comes out naturally just lie itself .It even allows philosophers to exist. This belief about the existence of God should be perpetuated, and be left to exist. T he belief itself is in religion, the power of religion .It should be left to exist, and be taught from one generation another without favour.According to others God exist only in the imagination such fellows can make those who believe in the one infinite God to differ automatically with them. The existence of on God has been an area of much debate for years and years ,this is one area where philosophers play with thoughts and knowledge a lot .Philosophers have every reason to think as they want. Whether some people believe in God or not, it remains acceptable to these lovers of thinking. God may be a fact, but there is room for doubt that some philosophers allow, and this really is interesting.
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