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Psychopathic Traits Are Useful In Business Nothing Personal It Is Business

PsychopathicTraits Are Useful In Business: Nothing Personal It Is Business

PsychopathicTraits Are Useful In Business: Nothing Personal It Is Business

Psychopathictrait is the ability of an individual, to not being in a position tofeel any guilt of anything that s/he may have done. It is also apersonality disorder, which has the characteristics of long-termanti-social conduct, reduced compassion, and remorse. It also hasanother characteristic of slowing down on public life or from havinga bold behavior. These traits mostly link with crime because of thecharacteristics and the kind of life associated with them. However,psychopathic traits can be very useful in business environment,because they have the ability to perform well while under pressure(Cacioppo,&amp Freberg, 2013: 78).Superb performance is one of the strengths of psychopath, and can bevery instrumental in negotiations and bargaining. The characteristicsassociated with psychopaths are such as intelligence and superficialcharm, nervousness deficiencies or manifestation of phobia, absenceof repentance or even shame at all, as well as exploitation of othersmake some of the strengths of these traits, which are essential inbusiness grounds (Kiehl,&amp Sinnott-Armstrong, 2013:127).This research will seek to determine how useful psychopathic traitsare to a business environment by comparing two different types ofgroups, one working in a bank and the other group in a charityorganization.

Participantsof the Research

Aclose observation to population of a group under study will compriseof 20 men doing business and 20 women who work in various banks inSweden. The ages of these participants will range from 25-56 years.The research will also incorporate 20 Male and 20 Female members fromCharity workers from various Charity organizations in the Sweden. Theage group of the Charity workers will also range from 25-56 years.The selection of these participants is going to be done randomly fromdifferent banks and organizations, which are randomly selected fromdifferent parts of Sweden. Participants will have the full knowledgeof the study and the motive behind the study through a writtenspecial request to participate and guarantee their confidentialityand privacy. This will minimize chances of loss of influentialinformation.

Hypothesis

Thisresearch will determine the differences of a group of employees in abank, and a group of volunteers in a charity organization as far astheir traits is concerned and how useful these traits can be inbusiness environment. The two groups under this study differ in someaspects such as the former group comprises of employees, who get payfor the work they do while charity workers comprises of volunteers,who do not necessarily have to get paid to perform a certain functionto the community (InMillon, 2003: 149).In addition, employees have a contract that has the terms andconditions of the engagement. These terms and conditions sometimesact as the guidelines and limit the extent to which an action can beexecuted. These terms and conditions therefore, limit their conduct.However, this is not applicable to volunteers. Volunteers havelimitations as strict as bank employees do by such regulations andlaws and are therefore at liberty to perform their volunteering workwithout limits as long as it is to the benefit of the organizationalgoal. Therefore, workers from various banks in Sweden are employeeswho are entitled to a pay at the end of the moth while members fromthe charity organizations are but volunteers, and are not in receiptof any pay from these organizations by the end of the month (Soloff,et al, 1994: 1319).

Anothergender difference noticed from the above groups is that there aremany older women in the volunteering sector than there are men, whilemany young women are trying to compliment the difference by venturingtheir trade in the banking sector. There is recordable fight forequality in the young group between the ages of 25-35 years in thebanking sector while there is no such competition in the Charityorganization sector. Some compromises means that there are only manymen in the banking sector than there are women (Skeem, &amp Cooke,2010: 131). This means that if there has to be psychopathic traits inthe banking sector, the same has to be portrayed by more men, thanwomen, who are not many in the sector.

Thereare gender differences in the above groups, based on the level ofengagement to groups they belong. It is notable that most members inthe volunteers group are women while that of employees in the Banksare men. This fact derives its foundation from traditions, wherewomen were, but homemakers and men were the breadwinners (McMurran, &ampHoward, 2009: 213). In addition, women are more remorseful than menare, thus the differences in number of women and men in thevolunteering sector. Working in a bank would mean that rules andregulations would mould the decisions-making process and actionstaken by an individual. Thus, it is not possible for an employee tofeel guilt if s/he takes such a step. This is because the process isguided by these rules and regulations and seeks to achieve the goalof an organization. In addition, banking deals with business clients,who want to see some certain characteristics from the employee inorder to consider the transaction effective (Hare, &amp Neumann,2008: 4219). Therefore, there are more psychopathic traits in thebanking sector than there is in the Charity (Volunteering) sector.

Testand Design

Theresearch used Online Based Psychopathic Personality Inventory(PPI-Revised). This inventory does index comprehensive personalitybehaviors without assuming meticulous association with criminalbehaviors, or anti-social. This psychopath test was emailed to allparticipants under study in order to monitor their responses andbehaviors closely based on DVM-5 criterion. This made it easy tostudy the links their behaviors have to psychopathic disorder, andhow effective these disorders are to the business environment. DSM-5Personality and Personality Disorder workgroup is responsible forcarrying out a thorough revision on the faulty system of PersonalityDisorder features of DSM-4 (Hare, &amp Neumann, 2008: 4231).According to the criterion for DSM-5, a pattern of traits featurescan be used to define one of the six proposed Personality Disorders,which are (Avoidant, Antisocial, Borderline, Obsessive-Compulsive,Narcissistic, and Schizotypal) traits. For example, for an analysisof Antisocial Personality Disorder, increases on trait features fromboth the Disinhibitionand Antagonism domains are necessary in addition to mutilation onboth interpersonal and self-functioning (Clark, 2007: 227).

Anotherdisorder that can emerge from the DSM-5 criterion would show aseventh type, Personality Disorder, and the trait specified in thisexperiment is likely to designate the existence of maladaptivepersonality traits and related mutilations. However, it is not likelyto designate any attribute profile that distinctively finds its wayinto the abovementioned types of personality disorders. Therefore,the major impairments in traits functioning according to the DSM-5criterion can be evident by impairment on self-functioning, andimpairment on interpersonal functioning (Widiger, &ampMullins-Sweatt, 2010: 489). Other impairments can be in the form ofdisinhibition with characteristics such as impulsivity,irresponsibility, and risk taking. Some other facts that stand outabout DSM-5 criterion is that impairments on temperament functioningand the person’s temperament attributes expression remainscomparatively stable in all situations. In addition, we cannot betterunderstand impairments in temperament attributes as normative for theperson’s developmental phase or socio-cultural setting. Lastly, theimpairment in temperament functioning and the person’s temperamenttrait expression is not exclusive due to the direct psychologicalimpacts of a substance such as a drug, neither is it exclusivebecause of a common therapeutic condition such as relentless headache(Samuel et al 2013: 358).

Resultsand Discussions

Aftera close monitoring and basing the study on the DSM-5 criterion, it isnotable that the two groups of people have very distinct traits. Mostof the members of the group working in the bank in Sweden show signsenough to show that they are risk takers. They can take risks ondifferent situations and try to make something out of the situation.This is well one of the characteristics of a good businessperson.Risk takers will succeed in most cases, and venturing into businessis a risk, which requires a risk taker to excel. In addition,businesses sometimes can excel when some impulsive and viabledecisions are considered. For example, a viable and delicate ideacould make people ‘fetch’ some profits from it would require animpulsive decision-making in order to benefit from the same.Impulsive thinking is sometimes considered a disorder that does notput a person’s mind in order of the things that need to be done. An impulsive individual can, however, be an opportunistic fellow, andcould benefit from taking chances of an opportunity. The bankers aremore likely to portray these characteristics or traits (Widiger, &ampMullins-Sweatt, 2010: 493).

Onthe contrary, members form Charity organizations do not show signs ofbeing risk takers, in most cases. This is because, despite their jobobliging them to deliver a result, most of them fear taking riskswhen the possible outcome is not definite. This is especially thecase with women above 35 years in the field. In spite of most membersof charity organizations showing no callousness traits, (which is apathological trait), they only show feelings and remorse for people,but do little to provide long-term solutions. Regrets and repentancecan portray one’s weakness, but bankers, it is the feeling thatprompted most of them to respond and create something out of abusiness that is likely to benefit the client in a long-term basis.For example, feeling remorse can prompt entrepreneurs to come up witha service or product that can complement the client and get him/herout of the situation. In addition, result from the group of bankersshowed that most women were however, not as willing to take risks asmen are. This is the similar case to the Charity organization group,where women are not willing to offer their services when acatastrophic event takes place, or any form of emergency. Men aremore willing to be called upon when an emergency happens and willingto take those risks. However, they are not willing to take the riskswith their money. On the other hand, men from the bankers group arewilling to take risks with their money as well as help theircommunity define something long lasting.

Oneof the major difficulties that hinder the project completion is theneed for close monitoring of participants. The participants are indifferent geographical region, which would require more input ofresources to monitor their traits. This means that more time andother resources such as money will be required to run the projecteffectively to completion. In addition, some members of these groupsare likely to change the way they normally act when they realize theyare under watch. This might especially influence the result thusgiving a false result and conclusion of the research. Anotherchallenge is sending requests to prospective participants and theyturn the request down.

Conclusion

Basedon the facts stated above about the DSM-5 criterion, it is therefore,essential to note that psychopathic traits are very essential inbusiness environment. This is because impairments on temperamentfunctioning and the person’s temperament attributes expressionremains comparatively stable in all situations. In addition, wecannot better understand impairments in temperament attributes asnormative for the person’s developmental phase or socio-culturalsetting. Lastly, the impairment in temperament functioning and theperson’s temperament trait expression is not exclusive due to thedirect psychological impacts of a substance such as a drug, neitheris it exclusive because of a common therapeutic condition such asrelentless headache. This only explains that the traits noted fromthe bankers group were not only temporary, but also constant acrosssituations (Samuel et al 2013: 357). These are the traits necessaryfor the success of a business.

References

Samuel,D.B., Hopwood, C.J., Krueger, R.F., Thomas, K.M., &amp Ruggero, C.(2013). “Comparing methods for scoring personality disorder typesusing maladaptive traits in DSM-5,” Assessment,20,353-361.

Widiger,T. A., &amp Mullins-Sweatt, S. N. (2010). “Clinical utility of adimensional model of personality disorder,”&nbspProfessionalPsychology: Research And Practice,&nbsp41(6),488-494.

Clark,L. (2007). “Assessment and Diagnosis of Personality Disorder:Perennial Issues and an Emerging Reconceptualization,”&nbspAnnualReview Of Psychology,&nbsp58,227-257.

Hare,R. D., &amp Neumann, C. S. (2008). “Psychopathy as a clinical andempirical construct,”&nbspAnnualReview Of Clinical Psychology,&nbsp4217-246.

McMurran,M., &amp Howard, R. (2009). Personality,personality disorder and violence: An evidence based approach.Wiley-Blackwell

Skeem,J. L., &amp Cooke, D. J. (2010). “One measure does not a constructmake: Directions toward reinvigorating psychopathy research—replyto Hare and Neumann,”&nbspPsychologicalAssessment,&nbsp22(2),455-459.

Soloff,P. H., Lis, J. A., Kelly, T., &amp Cornelius, J. R. (1994). “Riskfactors for suicidal behavior in borderline personality disorder,”TheAmerican Journal Of Psychiatry, 151(9),1316-1323.

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InMillon, T. (2003). Psychopathy:Antisocial, criminal and violent behaviour.New York: Guilford Press.

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Cacioppo,J. T., &amp Freberg, L. (2013). Discoveringpsychology: The science of mind.Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Wadsworth.

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Kiehl,K. A., &amp Sinnott-Armstrong, W. (2013). Handbookon psychopathy and law,New York NY: Gilford Press.

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