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Questions for psychology of gender

QUESTIONS FOR PSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER 5

Questionsfor psychology of gender

Questionsfor psychology of gender

Questionone

Itis evident from the reading that marriages in ancient times were notbased on love, but on economic and social welfare. The readingclearly stipulates that modern marriages are based on love betweenthe two parties involved. Historically, people turned to theirfriends and relatives for love and emotional support. It is alsoevident that historical marriages were based on the function ofeconomic security and procreation (Helgeson, 2012). In the modernmarriages, however, the main reason for marriage has been love,intimacy and emotional support. Whereas economic security andprocreation may be functions, they are not given as much attention asthey used to in yester years. The 20thcentury marriage is expected to fulfill the sexual, spiritual,emotional and romantic functions as opposed to the economic andprocreation functions of the historical marriages (Hirsch &ampWardlow, 2006). It is true that modern relationships are based onlove and romance and not on economic stability or procreation.

Thereading asserts that men have a higher interest in getting marriagethan women. It is also evident that men look at the physicalappearance of a woman while deciding on whether to fall in love withthem or not. On the contrary, women are more interested in thecharacter, education and good work ethic (Helgeson, 2012). However,it is critical to note that there are various attributes that aredesired by both genders in a marriage. Such attributes includehonesty, sense of humor, and warm, affectionate, kind and have commoninterests.

Questiontwo

Accordingto the text, men are regarded as being more romantic than women. Froma historical perspective, it is evident that women will enter into arelationship largely due to the economic stability. In other words,women are said to be practical in matters relating to love,relationships and marriage. Research conducted in a 1000 collegestudent on Kephart’s question indicated that men were less likelythan women to marry people whom they didn’t love (Helgeson, 2012).This is a clear indication that men are more love and romanticoriented than women. However, recent studies on the Kephart’squestion have indicated that both men and women are conscious aboutlove and romance when choosing a partner (Helgeson, 2012). Thisresearch was conducted in Japan and the United States. However, asimilar research conducted in Russia indicated that women were morelikely than men to marry people whom they were not in love with.Women are said to believe that economic security is critical in arelationship than romance, love and passion is (Unger, 2004). It isalso apparent from the text that men fall in love quicker than women,which indicates that they hold more romantic ideals than women.

Questionthree

Relationshipsatisfaction is arrived for both sexes depending on various factors.To start with, the text point out that satisfaction in a relationshipis based on talk between the couple. It is apparent for the couple totalk about their relationship and discuss any problem facing it. Inthis way, both parties feel satisfied in the relationship (Shumway,2003). Secondly, distribution of power between the parties determinesthe level of satisfaction in a relationship. For instance, in a youngrelationship of college students, it is expected that the powerdistribution between the parties should be equal (Helgeson, 2012).This is for the sole reason that both parties have equal status andaccess to resources. Unequal emotional involvement in a relationshipresults in dissatisfaction in the relationship. It is critical forparties in a relationship to have equal emotional involvement inorder to be equally satisfied. The text also asserts that the socialexchange theory is clear that relationship satisfaction is determinedby the benefits and costs that each party is getting from therelationship (Hill, 2007). If one party feels that they are notgetting enough benefits, there is lack of satisfaction.

References

Helgeson,V. (2012). Psychologyof gender.(4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson

Hill,A. (2007). Predictorsof Relationship Satisfaction: The Link between Cognitive Flexibility, Compassionate Love and Level of Differentiation.New York: Proquest Publishers.

Hirsch,J. S., &amp Wardlow, H. (2006). Modernloves: The anthropology of romantic courtship and companionatemarriage.Ann Arbor: University of Michigan press.

Shumway,D. R. (2003). Modernlove: Romance, intimacy, and the marriage crisis.New York: New York University Press.

Unger,R. K. (2004). Handbookof the psychology of women and gender.Hoboken, NJ: Wiley