Religion and Politics
TheOrthodox Church instituted a provision that required people who wouldgo into office to swear that they either believed in the gospel ofthe Protestant Christianity or the divine inspiration of the twotestaments of the bible.
Jeffersonwas against this religious test and he made it one of the issues ofdiscussion during his presidential campaign. He intended to end thesupport the state accorded religion. Jefferson’s actions raisedquestions as to whether he was a man of faith and his opponents werequick to name him a libertine and an atheist. Finally, the president,Jefferson, wrote a letter to the Orthodox Church voicing religiousconcerns over religious freedom. The effects that Jefferson initiatedand people today refer to the state and the church as two separateentities (Lambert, 2010).
2.The federalist affirmed instead of swearing when they went intooffice.
Jeffersonused the funds of the government to promote and erect churches
TheFederalist showed preference to a certain denomination or faith
3.Period 1787 to 1800
Americastarted setting a novel system shortly after they professed theirindependence. These changes ranged from freedom of the press tofreedom of religion. Locally, divisions arose during the FederalistEra that led to the formation of political parties in America for thefirst time. There were exchanges between these parties, especiallybetween the leaders, Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson,concerning basic ideologies. During that time, people who supportedthe various parties contested heavily and religion stood as one oftheir dividing grounds. Some held that the office bearers ought toswear before commencing their duties while others refuted that.International events like the Vietnamese war and other internationalconflicts affected the political climate in the country as veteransfrom wars supported Republicans and their religious views (Lambert,2010).
Thecivil religion concept refers to an unmatched ubiquitous religion ofthe country, and it illuminates the ideas of various sociologists whoclaimed that America has some common religious characteristicsexhibited through symbols, beliefs, and rituals that offer thedimension of religion to the entirety of American life.
Civilreligion does not conflict with the separation of the state andchurch principle, but it shows acknowledgement of God or religion(Lambert, 2010).
5.The first generation of the Americans regarded religion as a veryvital component in the country. Belief and acknowledging God couldhave spelled victory or doom for a Presidential candidate.
Eventhough the U.S. Constitution in the 1800s and 1900s set demarcationsbetween the state and the church, religion still holds a vital andvibrant sole in the American society. New interests and issues haveemerged over the years, but the role of religion in the lives of theAmericans remains unshaken and undiminished. Up until the late 1960s,the Protestants dominated the atmosphere of religion in America andthe Jews and Catholics voiced their beliefs from the backgrounddimly. The legislators of the early 1900s gave religion severalblows, but the Americans need for refilling their spiritual wellsgrew even more after the Second Great War. All through the ages,though, the initiation and development of the bill of rights in theUnited States has supported Christian establishments by giving peoplethe freedom to worship. Today, the involvement of the government inreligious-based matters such as gay marriages appears to be high.Therefore, although the framers of the U.S. Constitution initiallydelineated the state from the church, the two entities continue toaffect each other.
Lambert,F. (2010). Religionin American Politics: A Short History.Princeton University Press.