Religion and Politics
RELIGION AND POLITICS 5
Whigideology was a political philosophy that believed that congress wassuperior to the executive arm of government. The Whig ideologybelieved in economic protectionism and modernization. It was opposedto the tyranny that was in the form of absolute monarchy (Lambert,2005).
TheWhig ideology was related to religion in that it was opposed to theabsolute control of all social aspects of society by the executive.The Whig ideology sought to free society from control by theexecutive, including religion. The Whig ideology believed in thefreedom of society from the control of the executive.
Thetruth is an aspect of society that needs no protection at all becauseit is a fact. The state thus does not need to protect the truth. Thelate colonial world faced many challenges including the separation ofthe state and religion. This was based on the belief that religionwas the absolute truth and it needed no political protection andcontrol in order to be upheld (Lambert,2005).This was also the basis for colonization, as religious philosopherssaw no need of political support in order to spread religion.
Accordingto Locke, the religion and the state are two separate entities. Thestate takes care of the external interest of the citizens whilereligion takes care of the internal affairs of the citizens (Lambert,2005).He argued that the state had no control over the souls of the peopleand that is why the society needed religion to take care of the soulof the citizen.
Cato’sletters were essays written between 1720 and 1723 by two Britishwriters Thomas Gordon and John Trenchard. The letters were aboutliberalization of society and the religious and civil aspects ofsociety. The letters were tilted towards revolution and they soughtto liberate society from the control of the state.
BenjaminFranklin was opposed to the use of religious language in politicalcircles as he believed that politics and religion were separateentities and that none was supposed to control the other or thesociety at large (Lambert,2005).This was correct as religion and society are two separate socialorganizations, which have separate mandates over the society.Franklin’s advice will prevail in society as the world is slowlybecoming secular and people separate religion from politics.
TheAmerican society was opposed to an attempt by the British toestablish religious powers over the society as the society felt thatthis was an indirect control of the American society by the BritishMonarchy, which was also the head of the Anglican Church (Lambert,2005).The appointment of a Bishop for America would have led to an indirectcontrol of the American society by the Monarchy since the Bishopswere under the Monarchy. The American society would thus, be underthe control of the Monarchy even those who were not Anglican.
Thelegal battles between Livingston and Henry were as a result ofLivingston’s refusal to use religious teachings in legal decisions.Livingston chose to use the law independently as opposed to mixing itwith religion. Henry, on the other hand, believed that the law andthe religion were dependent on each other. The cases were identicalbecause they were civil cases. These are important as they show howreligion and politics became separate entities and would serve allthe people in the society.
Lambert,F. (February 3, 2005). Introduction.The Founding Fathers and the Place of Religion in America.New Jersey: PrincetonUniversity Press.