Religion and Politics
RELIGION AND POLITICS 4
The term “old lights” underlined the orthodox members of the clergy who believed that the emerging ways of revival and emotional preaching were not necessary. “New lights” were the members of the clergy whose beliefs were founded on the new awakening.
New Birth represents salvation in Christianity after individuals have been regenerated and cleansed by the Holy Spirit.
George Whitefield was an Anglican itinerant minister, a convinced Calvanist whose main theme revolved around the necessity of “New Birth” or conversion.
Antinomianism refers to the tendency by Christians to sin in the belief that their faith is sufficient (Williams, 2008). This can be misleading to new converts and result in rebellion in the church.
The Great Awakening resulted in the emergence of a number of churches including the Seventh Day Adventists and Anglican Church.
Preachers would often be incarcerated for varied reasons including failure to remit taxes to the government or being unregistered as churches.
The Great Awakening is credited with being the main influence behind the American Revolution which ended colonial rule (Williams, 2008). However, it also resulted in the disintegration of the social structures and elimination of social norms that held the society together.
The key resemblance between the Great Awakening and the economic developments of the time revolves around the increased importance of the congregants and the public in general in charting the course of the church.
New Light Church could credit their success to the increased attention that was accorded to the concerns of the congregants.
The Great Awakening was based on puritan ideals and called for new birth and salvation. The second awakening, however, was inspired by participation of the public in politics.
Congregational churches have distinctive congregations that independently determine their affairs (Williams, 2008). They are the result of non-conformist religious movements that arose in the course of England’s puritan movement.
In parish systems, churches are divided into distinctive administrative systems with varied branches under a particular parish, which can be interchanged.
Williams,P. W. (2008). America`sreligions: From their origins to the twenty-first century.Urbana: University of Illinois Press.