Religion and Politics
RELIGION AND POLITICS 4
Theimportance of religion cannot be gainsaid as far as the stability anddevelopment of any country is concerned. Christianity has been one ofthe most fundamental religions in the globe and has undergone quite anumber of stages.
“Old lights” refers to the orthodox clergy members who held the belief that the new revival ways and emotional preaching was unnecessary, while the “new lights” referred to the modern-thinking clergy members who believed immensely in the Great Awakening.
New Birth refers to the spiritual rebirth or regeneration that the human spirit undergoes through the Holy Spirit. It occurs when an individual gets “saved” in Christianity, thereby having a personal relationship with Jesus.
George Whitfield refers to an Anglican itinerant minister who lived between 1714 and 1770, and who played an immense role in the spread of the Great Awakening throughout Great Britain, more so, in British colonies in North America.
Antinomianism refers to lawlessness. It occurs among Christians who believe that they can continue sinning once they have become born again (Williams, 2008). They do not care much about conduct as they only need to have faith. Antinomianism leads to sinful living which is unpleasant to God and can harm people.
Two new denominations that emanated from the Great Awakening included Seventh-Day Adventists and Christian Church.
The reasons given for locking up preachers ranged from illegal assembly to other things such as failure to pay taxes.
The Great Awakening benefited American colonial society as it triggered a rebellion against autocratic religious rule (Williams, 2008). However, it resulted in the setting aside of customs of courtesy and civility in favor of significantly quarrelsome habits.
The Great Awakening resembled the economic developments of the time in that it called for a reduction in taxation and enhanced the freedoms accorded to the public.
The success of the New Light churches, according to Adam Smith, was founded on their capacity to respond to the demands of the congregants at the time with regard to manner of worship.
The Great Awakening was primarily founded on puritan ideals and preached repentance of sins and personal salvation, while the Second Awakening was triggered by political participation (Williams, 2008).
Congregational church refers to protestant churches that undertake congregationist church governance where every congregation autonomously and independently runs its affairs (Williams, 2008). They arose from non-conformist religious movements during the Puritan reformation in England.
The parish system refers to an administrative system where every diocese in a church has its own churches, which are effectively interchangeable.
Williams,P. W. (2008). America`sreligions: From their origins to the twenty-first century.Urbana: University of Illinois Press.