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Religion and Politics

RELIGION AND POLITICS 4

Religionand Politics

Question1

Deismis the philosophy that God exists and He created the universehowever, He stopped involving Himself on people’s lives and theuniverse immediately after creation. A deist can be regarded as afree thinker because he/she uses logic reasoning to make suchassumptions. Such a believer feels that God exists because there isuniverse, but does not think that he gets involved in people’slives because there is so much suffering (Lambert, 2006).

Question2

Thefollowing is the list of the most prominent deists: Aristotle, Plato,John Locke, Voltaire, Ethan Allen, Cicero, and Albert Einstein amongothers.

Question3

Thedifference in the old and new learning is that, while the oldlearning focuses on believing blindly and without questioning, thenew learning focus on reasoning and logic. It took many years beforepeople could accept the new learning because they were afraid toquestion the ways of Gods. The new learning is attractive toscientists and philosophers as they are able to inquire in theworking of the universe (Lambert, 2006).

Question4

Theleading proponents of enlightenment include Jean-Jacques Rousseau,Denis Diderot, and Voltaire. They all enquired about the working ofthe nature in various ways. Their reasoning were later adopted anddeveloped by other philosophers.

Question5

Thereis slight difference between deism and enlightenment. Deists at leastbelieve in the existence of God, while enlightenment insists on logicand questioning. The transition from deism to enlightenment was notsmooth and it often risked the lives of the founding fathers. Thefounding fathers were able to make a transition by questioningreligion and the beliefs of people. People can become enlightened byquestioning religions and common beliefs by reasoning.

Question6

Deistsbelieved in the freedom of religion because they believed that Godexists in the first place. Secondly, deists advocated for liberalreligious thinkers. Although they questioned the workings of God,they never disputed His existence (Lambert, 2006).

References

Lambert,F. (2006). Thefounding fathers and the place of religion in America.Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.