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Social Structure Existed In England and Germany

SOCIAL STRUCTURE EXISTED IN ENGLAND AND GERMANY 4

SocialStructure Existed In England and Germany

SocialStructure Existed In England and Germany

Thesocial structures of England and Germany have been historicallyinfluenced by the social class concept (Haverkamp &amp Vollrath,1996). There were several social classes observed in the middle ages,which divided the society.

Oneof the dominant social classes was royalty. In the middle ages, thiswas viewed as the highest class. This class included kings andqueens, princes and princesses. During this age, royals were bestowedwith economic and political powers. They also controlled the use ofland. Under this class, kings were responsible with formulation oflaws and taking care of the citizens in the kingdom. Queens acted asassistants to the kings, while princesses were to take the throneafter the king. They used to attend court meetings. However,princesses were married to princes of other kingdoms to extend therelationship.

Nobilityclass of people was the second from royalty in terms of power(Thatcher, 1905). They were divided into hereditary andnon-hereditary nobility, whose powers were based on blood relationsand on non-familial ways respectively. In hereditary nobility, therewere dukes and barons. Duke used to be the leaders of provinces whilebarons assisted the king with his external and internal matters.

Therewere many members under non-hereditary nobility. They includedknights, peasants, freemen, serfs, slaves, clergy, popes, bishops,priests and monks (Thatcher, 1905). The knights protected the lordsand his manor. The peasants and freemen had rights over land, butserfs did not have control over property, while slaves were boughtand sold for labor. The rest concentrated on church activities.

RelationshipThat Existed With the Law and States

Theexistence of a feudal system helped to control how thing were done.However, there were conflicts among different social classes. In mostinstances, kings went on their way to impose taxes without consultingbarons who represented communities. This could lead to disagreementsand even conflicts as it was the case with King John of England(Haverkamp, &amp Vollrath, 1996). Furthermore, peasants did not likethe additional taxes charged on them and they also demanded fairmeasurements of their produce. The clergy also complained ofinterference by the royals, which lead to the formulation of MagnaCarta document (Thatcher, 1905).

References

OliverJ. Thatcher, A. (1905).Source Book for Mediaeval History. Selected Documents Illustratingthe History of Europe in the Middle Age, ed. Oliver J. Thatcher andEdgar Holmes McNeal.New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1905. Retrieved Tuesday, April15, 2014 from the World Wide Web:http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/2277

Haverkamp,A. &amp Vollrath, H. (1996). Englandand Germany in the High middle Ages.London: German Historical Institute.

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