Studentsinvolve themselves in many methods of cheating in order to get theirdesired, but dishonest grades. Posner (1) argues that of all thecheating methods, the most common and disturbing is plagiarism.Plagiarism is a serious problem for higher education institutionsespecially in the current digital age. Plagiarism is an intellectualcrime committed by several students who are either aware or unawareof it academic ethics (Posner 1). Plagiarism is an academictreason that undermines the whole academic community and ischallenging to professors who are responsible for maintainingacademic standards. In addition to plagiarism, other forms ofcheating are even more challenging to educational institutions thanplagiarism.
Thepractice of plagiarism and cheating in schools is rampant because theperpetrators are well supported by the community to do so. The hiringof online writing websites is also facilitated by the parents andguardians of these students since they finance them to pay the costlyonline service. Without such financial support, these students cannotbe able to pay for the services or even engage the services ofacademic helpers (Posner 1). It is worth notable that many of thesestudents even get the support of parents and legal counsel to standup a case against the measures set to curb plagiarism.
Anotherreason for increased plagiarism and cheating is lack of strictpunishments that will deter students from practicing plagiarism. Infighting plagiarism, the most ignored method is the inclusion ofpenalties against plagiarism at all education levels of education andnot only in higher education. If students are punished severely forplagiarism and cheating while in low academic levels, they willdevelop a culture of avoiding plagiarism (Posner 1). If punished anddeterred in low level educational institutions and high school, thedie off. However, if ignored, the culture will develop as theycontinue with their education up the academic ladder to highereducation institutions.
Inaddition, plagiarism and academic cheating grows because it wasencouraged in lower schools by not punishing perpetrators. Theculture of honesty is developed from the involvement of teachers andparents when students are young enough. Despite being a rampantpractice in higher education, plagiarism culture develops from thelower level schools. Callahan (1) indicate that plagiarism and otheracademic frauds are increasing among higher education students. It isnotable that the problem of plagiarism as an epidemic that hasinfected universities all over the world’s higher academicinstitutions (Callahan 1). The culture grows because the practice wasnot discouraged in the lower educational level by deterrent measures.
Plagiarismthrives in educational institutions because students are not trainedwell on it effects and why it should be avoided. Callahan (1) arguesthat students should be trained on academic ethics and the effects ofplagiarism as part of instilling a culture of honesty in school.Callahan (1) states, “Students with a strong sense of right andwrong, learned early in life, may be more willing to sacrificepersonal advancement for the sake of their values.” Students shouldtherefore be informed of the risks that perpetrators of the vice willhave and the consequences that will befall the perpetrators. Thisway, they will have personal task of avoiding the practice. Majorityof the students practice plagiarism deliberately but a few of themfollow the practice unintentionally in their paraphrasing andsummarizing (Posner 1). Either way, plagiarism is a non-ethical andpunishable act. Sometimes due to the lack of proper knowledge aboutplagiarism, even students themselves might be plagiarized by fellowstudents (Callahan 1). This proves that the current problem ofplagiarism and cheating is facilitated by lack of understanding.Students do not get the meaning and circumstances for plagiarism indifferent conditions when writing their papers.
Technologyand the internet have also facilitated the perpetration of the badact by students. Due to developments in technology, plagiarism hasbeen made easy as easy as copy and paste function of the computer(Gabriel 1). Gabriel states, “Digital technology makes copying andpasting easy, of course. But that is the least of it.” Thesituation of cheating, non-originality and plagiarism is furtheraggravated by the developments in the internet with hundreds ofdirect academic assistance providers. They qualify with educationallevels that they are not exactly worth to attain as since theireducational presentations were achieved through cheating (Gabriel 1).Plagiarism therefore becomes the easy way out that takes over a lazystudent due to the growing advancements in technology.
Amongother methods of cheating by students to acquire good grades easilyand faster, plagiarism is the most rampant. The practice is common ininstitutions of higher learning but its roots can be traced todishonesty in lower school levels. The causes of these dishonestpractices are encouragement from the community and lack of strictdeterrent measures to perpetrators. Both teachers and parents do notteach honesty to children in lower educational institutions and theculture of dishonesty finds it home in plagiarism as they progressupwards. Developments in technology also turn to be another cause ofthe practice by making it easier. To avoid the practice, the relevantmeasures should be taken as per the recommendations in thediscussion.
Callahan,David. ABetter Way to Prevent Cheating: Appeal to Fairness.Web, Accessed, April
Gabriel,Trip. PlagiarismLines Blur for Students in Digital Age,New York Times. Web,
Accessed,April 3, 2014,<http://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/02/education/02cheat.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0>
Posner,Richard.TheTruth about Plagiarism. Web,Accessed, April 3, 2014,