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Summary of Articles on culture and diversity

of Articles on culture and diversity

TheEgypt censorship committee made a move on March 21, 2014 that sparkedconcerns among secularists in Egypt. The committee banned musicvideos alleged to contain “weighty sexual connotations” as wellas featuring “scantily-dressed female models and singers.”Decision to ban these video clips was believed to “indecent” and“inappropriate” by member of state censorship committee. Thisdecision comes two months after new constitution guaranteed freedomof expression that was approved by about 97 percent of voters in anational referendum. Majority of secularists who celebrated ouster ofPresident Mohamed Morsi on July last year feared that MuslimBrotherhood, an Islamist group would be declared outlaw as well asdesignated terrorist organization. Banning of these video clips cameat the middle of heated discussion on broadcasting of “raunchy”music videos on some of the Arab satellite channels. At present, manyfamous Arab female singers are challenging social standards by goingagainst cultural taboos and exposing more flesh in these video clips.

Shahira,Amin. “Egypt: Secularists and conservatives battle over musicvideos,” Egypt’sDaily Independent Newspaper in English.March 21, 2014

Integrationof Arab is not new concept since Arabs adopted as the official goal,tried, and practiced in different times since 1950s. Some integrationsucceeded during other`s failure due to casualties of indecisivepolitical will as well as unclear plans. Some Arabs believe thatinternal and external obstacles frustrated integration as they did inthe past. However, advocates of integration argue that the Arableague is fortunately placed at better place for closer cooperation,because of shared geographical proximity and history as well ascommon culture and language. In the whole world, only Arab league, aregional grouping that started from a promising position like thisone. This article starts with the latter argument and continues tobuild a case of integration as an important issue for humanrenaissance and development in this region.

Khalaf,Rima. “Arab integration: A 21st century development imperative,”Egypt’sDaily Independent Newspaper in English. March9, 2014

AsEgypt begun its drive to modernization under dynamic leadership ofAli Pasha, the city of Alexandria became most contemporarycosmopolitan city. The city acquired this status because of countlessforeign communities that live there. It was an intellectual Egyptcapital for several decades, and it witness birth of theatre andcinema of many literary journals and newspapers in differentlanguages. The contemporary Alexandria city that lasted from 1820s to1940s, defines a typical cosmopolitan city. Communities such asSyrians, Greeks, French, Americans, British, Arabs, and Turks whowere considered Egyptians co-existed in this city. They produced manynovels, newspapers, films, and plays in different languages. Mosaicof the diverse cultures was partly covered by social networks, whichwere organized along parties and political movements. This articleis a reflection of on Alexandria city, how people see it, experienceit, and relate with it.

Serageldin,Ismail. “Experiencing Alexandria: The city as text and context partII.” Egypt’sDaily Independent Newspaper in English. March26, 2014

Thisarticle highlights the events that are expected to be presentedduring foreign cultural festival on April 1 2014 in Egypt. The eventswill include big music show, discussion, exhibitions, and folk. Thefestival will start with dance workshop, followed by Bollywood LoveStory, and finally a musical that will feature 35 artists from Indiaperforming and dancing to music of the Indian cinema. This musicalhas been performed in many nations such as Switzerland, Germany,China, Italy, and Japan. The main theme of this festival iscelebration of successful women in Egypt and India, as well asrecognition of challenges and similarities of women in India andEgypt.

ElAdl, Omar. “India by the Nile: Egypt’s biggest foreign festivalback for second edition,” Egypt’sDaily Independent Newspaper in English. March23, 2014

Conceptsconcerning social justice have existed for long period, yet noconsensus have been reached on what actually social justice mean. Ineffort to evaluate what social justice involves, Economic ResearchForum arranged a breakout session during the first day of 20thAnnual Conference. In this session issue related to social justicewere discussed with different speakers giving their own perspectiveof the issues. Francois Bourguignon contrasted patterns of inequalityexperienced in developed nations with trends experienced indeveloping continents. He stated that the definition of inequality isnot uniformly applied, and income distribution information is notcompletely comparable across all nations. A professor of economics,Marc Fleurbaey challenged participants to reevaluate validity ofutilizing opportunity as yardstick of the social justice.

ERFPress Office. “Economic Research Forum discusses alternativeperspectives to social justice.” Egypt’sDaily Independent Newspaper in English. March24, 2014

Theend of the cold war strengthened positions of the leaders who emergedvictorious from the War, like former United State president GeorgeBush senior. These leaders promised their people that the unipolarworld would come out more stable and peaceful than before. Manyobservers and analysts argued that this unipolar world would bebetter than the polarized world, where two superpowers tried tofrustrate and sabotage plans as well as plots of one another. Someanalysts pointed out that politics of the cold war led to theoutbreak of several regional conflicts, with each superpowerstrengthening and supporting different actors, and at the same timetrying to contain others. In this article, Farid Zahran attempt toanswer the following questions, where does the world stand inconnection with new world order? Do the people live in a multipolarworld or unipolar world led by United States? The informationcontained in the article is valuable since the suggestions were madeby experienced researchers and professors in economics. Theattendants at the forum asserted that challenged the culture ofutilizing opportunity as the measure for social justice. In itsplace, Fleurbaey recommended concentrating on the association betweenthe quality of life income levels. Furthermore, he proposed thatevaluating individuals’ choice in wellbeing, life and values. Theeconomists claimed that considering all these factors could help toachieve a more comprehensive and multidimensional understanding ofpeople’s social justice than can be understood through consideringopportunity alone.

ZahranFarid. “Has the United States succeeded in taking over the world?”Egypt’sDaily Independent Newspaper in English. January15, 2014

Allthese articles were retrieved fromhttp://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/01/15/has-the-united-states-succeeded-in-running-and-managing-the-world/#sthash.JWttkWZ4.dpuf

Diversityand globalization in Egypt

Formost individuals in Europe or those living in countries withsuccessful economies, the word “globalization” may be a vagueword that is neither tangible nor visible. However, for people livingin another part of the world where countries are experiencing majortransitions within a short period globalization is an issue of dailylife for many people. Egypt is one of the countries, which hasexperienced essential political and economic changes in last decades.The changes were triggered by Arab Spring, and process ofliberalization that started in 1970s. The process involved opening ofthe national market to overseas products, and privatization ofvarious sectors including health and banking sectors. Egyptiansociety has emerged as a society of double speeds. One part ofsociety lives with some structures that were built during 1950s,1960s, as well as 1970s that have deteriorated. The other part ofsociety has move in globalized world economy (Gundling and Anita 67).

Globalizationis not a catchphrase, but a concept that requires close examination.Gerd Junne (2009) has summarized social tensions according tofrustration, information, as well as aggression hypothesis.Aggression hypothesis suggests that, people get to know moreconcerning what is taking place in different nations through medialike internet and television. People have managed to maintaincontacts beyond borders through new technologies. Through this way,most people have managed to know how opportunities are emergingelsewhere rather than their country. Acquiescing to situation wherepeople live in decreases as aspiration for better life increases.However, it has become hard for politicians to gratify aspirations ofpeople. Therefore, they result to filling their bank accounts andpockets. Most people have realized that the economic situation cannotimprove in one generation, and in case it improves, it would be atthe same rate with Europe or United States. Therefore, this creates adeep-seated frustration among people (Gundling and Anita 68).

Diversityof Egypt culture

InEgypt, culture is very diverse with significant ethnic mixtures frompast, which Egyptian must often look at and understands their currentsituation and future. In most of Egyptian families mean are powerfulthan women and they take responsibility for all major decisions.However, women have some influences over certain household decisions.It is the responsibility of men in Egypt to teach young boys abouttrade and handle most of the society issues. Gender roles of men inEgypt are more in comparison with those of women, a man can receivehealth and nutrition care while a woman is deprived. In Egypt, womenhave a responsibility of raising children, and at the same timeresponsible for daily needs of the family. In Ancient Egypt, make-upswere considered to have power to heal. Aged people were required towear make-up like “Kohl” that was a black powder. They also worebased mix, which was placed on upper and lower eyelids in order torestore the poor eyesight. Women wore beaded fitting dresses, whilenoblemen wore kilt with a lengthy robe over them. Globalization hasaffected clothing in Egypt, after the European influential groupruled Egypt many elite ended up wearing European clothing. Rome,Greece, Turkey, Islamic nations, Great Britain, and some Africancultures have influenced a hybrid of the styles and the way peoplewear in Egypt at present (Gundling and Anita 71).


Gundling,Ernest, and Anita Zanchettin. GlobalDiversity: Winning Customers and Engaging Employees within WorldMarkets.Boston: Nicholas Brealey International, 2007. Internet resource.