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TIBET CONFLICTS

Tibet Conflict 8

TIBETCONFLICTS

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TibetConflicts

Tibet,which was once an independent state is an area in the Republic ofChina, which has had escalated conflicts for very many years. Tibetwas an independent state, but this changed in the early 1950s when itwas invaded by the army of the People’s Republic of China whooccupy this state up to date. After the invasion The Chinesegovernment signed an agreement with the Tibet leadership which wasreferred as the seventeen-point agreement whereby the Chinesegovernment was not to interfere with the Tibet’s government andtheir society. This paper will explore the Tibetan situation and howChina has taken over the region as well as the resultingcircumstances.

TheTibet Situation

Accordingto Praag (1989) tens of thousands of Chinese military officersinvaded and continued to patrol Tibet since the 1950’s. The Chinesestarted occupying Lhasa, which is the capital city of Tibet andstarted seizing total control of the Tibet state. The Tibetans peoplewere not impressed by the Chinese occupation and by late 1950s,resistance increased and there was an uprising. Praag (1989) urgesthat the Chinese government had resulted in destroying religiousbuildings that belonged to the Tibetans and imprisonment of theirreligious and community leaders.

TheChinese overpowered the Tibetans uprising and as a result over scoresof Tibetans were killed. Dalai Lama, who was a religious leader andseveral thousands of other Tibetans sought refuge in the neighboringcountry of India. Consul and Zavrel (1996) states that the Chinesegovernment claimed the Tibet to be part of China, but Chinese and theTibetans were people of different culture, language, religion and wayof life. Before the Chinese take over the Tibet as a state had itsown government which was headed by the religious leader the DalaiLama and before the invasion they did not depend on the Chinese(Tenzin, 1996).

Sincethe invasion a lot of Tibetans have been killed or jailed and theirland encroached making them the minority in their own country. Thispaper seeks to analyze the current situation of Tibet, the problemscaused by the China occupation and recommendations to these problems.

Thesituation in Tibet

Accordingto Tenzin (1996), the situation in Tibet is not admirable. TheChinese government has been working hard to make sure that the Tibetis occupied by the Chinese people since many Tibetans fled to exile.The remaining Tibetans are less than the Chinese. There areprivileges and other benefits stretched towards people of Chineseorigin to attract them to move to Tibet. There is discrimination onTibet people in terms of employment opportunities. Although Tibetenjoyed peaceful coexistence, there have been thousands of Chinesetroops in Tibet since the invasion and over 25 % of Chinese nuclearactivity is located in Tibet (Gray &amp Kurtis, 2013).

Thereare several thousands of political and religious prisoners in chinacells who undergo torture where Tibet women undergo forcefulabortions and sterilization. Due to its increased nuclear activitiesChina continues to use Tibet as a dumping site for their nuclearwaste, posing a threat to people living in these regions (Shakabpa,1983).Forests, vegetation and other natural resources belonging to Tibet,state continues to be destroyed by china to an extent where theycannot be recovered.

Chinacontinues to suppress the Tibetans religiously and culturally. TheTibetans are Buddhist and China is killing this culture by condemningand restricting the teaching and learning of Buddhism. They restrainthe number of monks and nuns in Tibetans monasteries. This isdiscrimination against their culture (Tenzin, 1996). The human rightssituation continues to deteriorate. Thousands of Tibetans peoplecontinue to be imprisoned, detained and tortured. Over a millionTibetans have died since the Chinese invasion and thousands ofmonasteries destroyed, putting their unique culture close toextinction. Tibents are denied political authority, they are noteasily allowed to leave the country, the Tibetans are denied theeconomic benefits of the country and the oppression continues(Cambridge Free Tibet Campaign, n.d)

Problemscaused by Chinas occupation in Tibet

TheTibetans people continue to face economic discrimination as a resultof china’s invasion. Tibetans were normally nomadic people, but theChinese government has forced them stay away from their nomadiclifestyle. The economy is controlled by the central Chinesegovernment with fewer working Tibetans working in the agriculturalsectors. Most jobs are given to ethnic Chinese migrants and themajority of the Tibetans are jobless. Much of the tourist activity islocated in urban centers which are controlled by the Chinese(Studentsfor a Free Tibet,n.d).

Accordingto InternationalCampaign for Tibet(2014), the Tibetans continue to be marginalized and excluded as aresult of Tibet getting integrated into china’s economy. China hascontinued to improve infrastructure, for instance the building of therailway linking china and the capital city of Tibet, which continuesto facilitate the migration of the Chinese into Tibet (Shakabpa,1983).There is an increase in China’s military in Tibet and excessiveexploitation of Tibet’s natural resources. Most of the Tibetanslack access to good medication and suffer diseases such as diarrheaand even lack of proper diet. Education is not easily accessible toTibetans children (Gray &amp Kurtis, 2013).

TheTibetans continue to suffer religious suppression. Since the late1940s, thousands of Tibetan Buddhist monasteries and shrines havebeen destroyed by the Chinese government (Shakabpa,1983).The government limits the number of monks and nannies entering themonasteries. There should be zero association with their religiousleader Dalai Lama, who is in exile. It is almost impossible to accessreligious education for the Tibetans.

Accordingto TheInternational Campaign for Tibet(2014), the Chinese government continues to cause politicalrepression to Tibet people. The Tibetans have no right to humanrights. They do not enjoy their freedom of speech and religion amongothers since the Chinese has total control over this. Failure toobserve these rules results in political imprisonment where theprisoners undergo human rights violation, they are tortured, deniedfood and sleep, beaten and isolated. There has been extensiveenvironmental destruction. Tibet faces huge environmental problem dueto China’s activities in the religion for instance deforestation,poaching, mining, resettlement of the nomadic Tibetans and theChinese migrants. deforestation have continued to cause flooding inother parts of China and Asia, the resettlement of people has broughtabout desertification (Studentsfor a Free Tibet,n.d)

Recommendationsto problems experienced in Tibet

Stokes(2010) argues that the conflict between the Chinese and the Tibetanscan be resolved through reconciliation between the two. The harshinterrelation presently existing in Tibet should be changed and thefactors that bring about emotional and psychological conflictsaddressed building a lasting coexistence. This can be achieved forinstance by finding a common ground between the Chinese businesspeople and the Tibetans religious leaders since the leaders feel thatthe business people have no respect for their religion (Gray&amp Kurtis, 2013).Different parties, for example, foreign governments like the U.Kgovernment should take the initiative of initiating thisreconciliation process being created a platform for the concernedparties.

Bose(n.d) claims that the problem between China and Tibet can be resolvedwithin a constitution`s framework where the Tibet citizens areallowed to exercise their fundamental rights. Their different anddiverse cultures be respected and be implemented in a constitutionalpolitical system.

Therefore,the Chinese government should be compiled by external forces, likethe foreign governments come up with a constitution that incorporatesthe Tibetan people.

Thirdparty intervention can help resolve the Tibet conflict. The UKgovernment should lead in mediating the conflict by bringing theChinese government, the Tibetans and their respected religious leaderDalai Lama on mediating table. The government can convince China tochange its stance on the Tibetans since it stands to benefit morefrom the international relations (Stokes, 2010).

Accordingto Stokes (2010), China must be forced to adopt good governance ifthe conflict is to be resolved. The Chinese government must deal withthe economic and cultural issues affecting the Tibetans. They mustrespect their diverse cultures and avoid discriminating the Tibetanseconomically and grant them equal job opportunities and othereconomic developments undertaken in the region.

Stokes(2010) suggests that since the conflict is between the Tibetans andthe Chinese, the Tibetans can be divided as those living within Chinaand those in exile, those who want to be part of China or those whoare demanding for independence. If China agreed to change its standon Tibetans, they would still remain as a section of China and bothcoexist peacefully and the Tibet still under China’s rule but withself governance (Shakabpa, 1983).China should give Tibet freedom and self determination and let thembenefit from their economic activities.

Accordingto Ikoninx1 (2009), the UN came up with a rule that demanded theChinese government to obey the human rights laws and respect thehumanity.. In the early 1990s, the United Nations Commission forHuman Rights (UNCHR) started monitoring the condition of human rightsin Tibet. The UN undertook the task of supporting the Tibetanrefugees and supported the Tibet financially to uplift theireco-tourism activities and meet their daily expenses. Also the UNsecretary general should use his global good office to appoint aspecial envoy to look at a peaceful end of the conflict. This officecan promote and look after a referendum to express the wishes ofpeople.

Accordingto Anon (2014), the Tibetans living in rural areas lack access togood medication and food and continue to die from treatable diseasessuch as diarrhea and malnutrition therefore this alone guarantees theneed for humanitarian aid to supply food and medication to thesepeople among other basic needs.

Conclusion

TheTibet issue is a major source of concern not only to Tibet and Chinabut the whole world. From the history and current situation, it isnot easy to address these differences. This paper examined some ofthe problems as a result of these conflicts and sought usefulrecommendations for these problems. To realize this, theinternational community needs to act with urgency. A failure mightresult to this issue escalating to levels beyond control. The UKgovernment and other international community should help Tibet andChina reconcile and bring the conflict to an end which will benefitthe two states.

Referencelist

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&lthttp://hhdl.dharmakara.net/hhdl-tibet.html&gt [Accessed 26 April2014].

Consul,B &amp Zavrel, J, .2001.TIBET: GIVE US LIBERTY AND PEACE. RetrievedFrom,

&lthttp://www.meaus.com/Tibet_-_Give_Us_Liberty.html&gt[Accessed 26 April 2014]

CambridgeFree Tibet Campaign., n.d.The situation in Tibet. Retrieved From,

&lthttp://www.srcf.ucam.org/freetibet/situation&gt[Accessed 26 April 2014]

Gray, T., &amp Kurtis R. S. (2013). The Tibetan History Reader,New York: Columbia University Press

StudentsFor A Free Tibet,. n.d. Current CrisisRetrieved From,

&lthttps://www.studentsforafreetibet.org/Plone/about-tibet/tibet-today&gt[Accessed 26 April 2014

InternationalCompaign For Tibet.,n.d.The Issues. Retrieved From,

&lthttp://www.savetibet.org/resources/all-about-tibet/the-issues&gt[Accessed 26 April 2014].

Boshu,Z., n.d.ZhangBoshu: the way to resolve the Tibet issue.Retrieved From,

&lthttp://www.tibet-china-conference.org/content/pdf_chn/Zhang_Boshu_english.pdf&gtAccessed 26 April, 2014

Ikoninxl,.2009.TibetVs China.Retrieved From,

&lthttp://www.slideshare.net/lkoninx1/tibet-vs-china&gt[Accessed 26 April 2014]

Shakabpa, W.D. (1983). Tibet. A Political History, New York :Potala Publications

Stokes,D.,2010.ConflictOver Tibet. Core Causes and Possible Solutions.Retrieved From,

&lthttp://www.beyondintractability.org/casestudy/stokes-tibet&gt 26 April 2014