Types of budgets
TYPES OF BUDGETS 3
Themain role of any government is to collect revenue or taxes and fundvarious public programs. For the purpose of collecting taxes andfunding various expenses, the government requires a budget. There arevarious types of budgets that the criminal justice system can benefitfrom in terms of funding. The federal or the government budget comesin various forms. The operational budget is one type of a budget thatthe criminal justice system can largely benefit from in terms offunding (Peak,2012).These are budgets, which are operated by the states or localities andthey cover routine revenues and expenses. Such budgets can be used tofund the state police in their operations. Secondly, the criminaljustice system can largely benefit from the capital budgets. It isimperative to point out that these are budgets that are used to fundlong term government projects. The criminal justice system can befunded through this type of budget for its long term projects ofdealing with crime.
Thedepartmental budgets are prepared by the executives in charge ofbudgeting at the local, state and federal levels of governance. Thesegovernments have various departments that include the criminaljustice system department that can work closely with the budgetingexecutives who will factor in their revenues and expenses in thebudget proposal (Peak,2012).It is critical to point out that while the criminal justicedepartment may benefit from the departmental budget, it must prepareits own budget indicating how the funds allocated to it will beutilized (Kraska, 2010). It is therefore evidently clear that thereare various forms or types of budgets that the criminal justicesystem can utilize in an effort to gather adequate funding for thepurpose of dealing with crime.
Peak,K. J. (2012). Justiceadministration: Police, courts, and corrections management (7th Ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ:PrenticeHall.
Kraska,P. B. (2010). Militarizingthe American criminal justice system: The changing roles of thearmed forces and the police.Boston: Northeastern Univ. Press.