WATER SCARCITY 5
Everyoneought to have access to safe drinking water. With the locallyavailable sources of water such as lakes and rivers, governments canensure that these sources are not polluted. In some dry areas, somepeople may not get safe drinking water if they cannot afford to buythe highly priced units of water (Pereira, Cordery and Iacovides,2009). However, the governments can regulate the supply of water insuch areas at favorable prices making it possible for people toaccess safe water.
Inthe world today, water shortage is related to the food supply(Gardener, 2012). Many countries, today, are using the mechanizationmethods in agriculture and, as a result, large volumes of water areused. Also, the increased population across the globe leads to highdemand for food As a result, increased water usage in food productionleads to water shortages (Gardener, 2012).
Besidesbeing polluted, water in lakes, rivers and oceans are usually siltyand saline. People living near the sources should be encouraged totreat the water by boiling or using chemicals (Pereira, Cordery andIacovides, 2009). Although desalination method is expensive,governments should adopt the method to minimize water shortages. Inagriculture, farmers should adopt the drip irrigation method thatwould minimize the water wasted while using the conventional methods(Pereira, Cordery and Iacovides, 2009). Also, water conservation canbe done through using water sensor faucets in homes to reduce waterconsumption. People should be responsible in conserving water, forexample, turning off the taps after use. Additionally, they canharvest the rainwater in their homes by installing water cisterns andpurifiers for safe drinking water.
Increasingthe price of water will not reduce water consumption because water isa basic necessity among people. The fact that people need water intheir daily activities makes it impossible for people to forego thatcommodity even when the prices increase. Companies and governmentcorporations planning to increase water prices in order to reduceconsumption cannot achieve their goal mostly due to the increasingpopulation that demands for much water. However, reduction in waterconsumption can be achieved if water prices are increased in thosehomes and institutions where water wastages are rampant. When pricesof water hike, people will modify their pipes, adopt water savingdevices, as well as, ensuring water runs out only when it is neededfor use (Pereira, Cordery and Iacovides, 2009).
Waterrecycling involves treatment of wastewater mostly meant fornon-drinking purposes, for example, cleaning, toilet flushing andirrigation (Pereira, Cordery and Iacovides, 2009). Almost everyonewould be troubled if he/she realizes that he/she drinks treated graywater. One would feel guilty, lowly in his/her dignity and at highrisk of being affected by diseases.
Indomestic works, I ensure that the amount of water used in laundry isreduced by around 10%. I use dry cleaner machines that energy andwater efficient. I usually avoid unnecessary repetitions in cleaningutensils. In my home, I ensure that all the taps are turned off afteruse. It is also mandatory for everyone in my home to turn off thepipes after use. Lately, I have installed water sensor faucets mainlyused for cleaning one’s hands (Pereira, Cordery and Iacovides,2009).
Someimplications related to water shortages include drought and loss ofbiodiversity (Myers and Spoolman, 2014). Climate change is a greatproblem nowadays where there are long periods of drought due toinadequate rainfall. As a result, there is famine leading to death ofplants and animals. Water shortages have impacted the ecosystems inthat most food chains and food webs are not sustainable leading toextinction of some plant and animal species. There is massive deathof the marine organisms due to water shortages especially in riversand small lakes (Myers and Spoolman, 2014).
Gardner,B. (2012). GlobalFood Futures: Feeding the World in 2050,Berg Publishers.
Myers,N., & Spoolman, S. (2014). Environmentalissues & solutions: A modular approach,Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Pereira,L. S., Cordery, I., & Iacovides, I. (2009)., Copingwith water scarcity: Addressing the challenges,Dordrecht: Springer.