WORLD WAR I
WORLD WAR I 4
WorldWar I was one of the two wars that were most catastrophic in humanhistory. The First World War started from August 1914 to November1918 and was primarily a Western and Eastern European conflict. Onthe other hand, Asians played a relatively small part in the affair,while the Japan gained much in relation to her losses. Theconsequences and settlement of World War 1 motivated differentcountries in different directions leading to a far worse World WarII, and to a destructive but decisive end. The European war resultedfrom a clash by among some alliances of the European countries. Oneof the alliance was known as Allied Powers included Serbia,France, U.K., Montenegro, and Belgium. This Allied Powers was opposedby the Central Powers coalition, which included Germany andAustria-Hungary. However, Ottoman Empire and Japan the Central Powerslater in the year, while Italy joined the war and supported theAllied Powers coalition.
Theassassination of Austrian-Hungary heir of the throne, ArchdukeFrancis Ferdinand, by a Serbian nationalist is known to be theimmediate cause of the World War I. Following his death, diplomacybroke down, and in less than a month the curtain of war had descendedover the continent. However, there is much evidence that theroot-cause of the conflict and war could be traced back in theEuropean history, particularly from the economic and politicalpolicies that were persistent in Europe, when German became known asthe most important European power. In 1918, towards the end of theWord War I, the Central Powers were conquered, and this led to thetransformation of Europe’s political order beyond recognition.Since Russia, Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman Empires and German hadcollapsed various changes including changes in frontiers, colonies,territories, and shifting of military power were redrawn. The fouryears of struggle and war (1914 – 1918) ended up in claiming thelives of more than 60 million lives, with around 15 million dead, 9million military, and 5 million civilians (Gruhi, 2010).
Thephysical geography of Central Europe was essential because certaincountries lie along the trade routes between Asia and Russia andEurope, as well as, Middle East and Europe. The physical geographycontributed both to the political fragmentation and theattractiveness of the region to invaders. As a result, CentralEurope was invaded and re-invaded, in order to create theever-changing mosaic of boundaries. Furthermore, the rise and fall ofkingdoms and empires in the history of Europe led to armies beingmoved into the areas in order to take control of the land, and changeor move borders. Whenever each civilization would rise in importance,other people were forced out and others moved in these regions. As aresult, mixed language, customs, religion and system of governancegrew and were forced to blend in the previous and new group’s wayof life.
WorldWar I has a far greater influence on Europe’s social structure,economy, and social and demographic existence than any other event inthe French Revolution. The war was associated with significant longterm-consequences, especially on financial stability and weakenedEuropean powers. For this reason, today, the nations of CentralEurope share a long history of political and Cultural evolution. Withthe coalition and invasion by different countries including RUSSIA,Rome and the former Soviet Union, the resulting pattern of people,language, and cultural characteristics make this one of the mostcomplex areas in the world.
Gruhl,W. (2010). ImperialJapan`s World War Two, 1931-1945.New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.